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agriculture and technology



Water quality for agriculture
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In many parts of the~ vorld the number of good quality supplies available for development is diminishing, iViany of those presently available for development provide_ low quality water and in many cases use is being made of supplies once considered marginal or unfit for

Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations
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Food borne parasitic diseases cause serious problems in different parts of the world and it has been estimated that there are more than 70 species of parasites which can be transmitted through food and water. These differ in life cycles, transmission routes and

Paleopathology at the Origins of Agriculture
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When this book was rst published in 1984, it had an impact far beyond what we (or the reviewers of the time) expected. It contained a good deal of data that are still relevant. But far more important, the book established a number of prec-edents in uses of paleopathology

Urban agriculture: food, jobs and sustainable cities
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Published by: The Urban Agriculture Network, Inc. A Non-Profit, 501 (c)(3) Organization With the financial support and permission of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Notice: This document is available for downloading, copying, distribution and

An aspect of Indian agriculture
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THE ECONOMIC WEEKLY ANNUAL NUMBER FEBRUARY 1962 menta necessary for farm operations and hence the expenses per acre are highest in this group."(UP Studies, 1954- 55, p 51). Madras, however, gets a different explanation." There is a persistent tendency to

The world of organic agriculture 2012: summary
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There are 37.2 million hectares of organic agricultural land (including in-conversion areas). The regions with the largest areas of organic agricultural land are Oceania (12.2 million hectares), Europe (9.3 million hectares), and Latin America (8.6 million hectares). The

N0-Tillage Agriculture
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Salt and silt in ancient Mesopotamian agriculture
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Under the terms of a farsighted statute, 70 percent of the oil revenues of the Iraqi Government are set aside for a program of capital investment which is transforming many aspects of the country's predominantly agricultural economy. As compared with the

Controlled-release and stabilized fertilizers in agriculture
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This work has been commissioned by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the FAO concerning the

World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012 revision
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Abstract This paper is a re-make of Chapters 1-3 of the Interim Report World Agriculture: towards 2030/2050 (FAO, 2006). In addition, this new paper includes a Chapter 4 on production factors (land, water, yields, fertilizers). Revised and more recent data have

A review and analysis of parameters for assessing transport of environmentally released radionuclides through agriculture
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Although the research described in this report has been funded by the United States Environmental Protection Agency through Interagency Agreement Number AD-89-F-2-Al06 (formerly EPA-78-D-X0394) with Oak Ridge N~. tional Laboratory, it has not been

The myth of the family farm: agribusiness dominance of US agriculture
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The Myth of the Family Farm is a testament to the fact that the past decade has witnessed a politicization of agriculture rivaling that of struggles over New Deal policy during the 1930s and over the Farm Security Administration and the Bureau of Agricultural Economics

Urban agriculture: definition, presence, potentials and risks
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Ever since the first French geographical accounts of (intra-and peri-) urban agriculture (UA) were published on Central Africa in the 1960s, scattered and isolated UA surveys by individual social scientists (eg Egziabher et al. 1994) have gradually been giving way to

Economic importance of bats in agriculture
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White-nose syndrome (WNS) and the increased development of wind-power facilities are threatening populations of insectivorous bats in North America. Bats are voracious predators of nocturnal insects, including many crop and forest pests. We present here analyses

The 20th century transformation of US agriculture and farm policy
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Abstract The structure of farms, farm households, and the rural communities in which they exist has evolved markedly over the last century. Historical data on a range of farm structure variables including the value of agricultural production, commodity specialization,

Reducing food poverty with sustainable agriculture: A summary of new evidence
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Many people directly associated with sustainable agriculture projects have given their valuable time to send material, to complete questionnaires, to verify findings, and to advise on the wider project. Without their help, this project could not possibly have gathered

Traceability in agriculture and food supply chain: a review of basic concepts, technological implications, and future prospects
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Abstract In recent times, the accurate and timely traceability of products and activities in the supply chain has become a new factor in food and agribusiness. Increasingly, consumers in many parts of the world demand for verifiable evidence of traceability as an important

The role of rainfed agriculture in the future of global food production
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This paper examines future prospects for rainfed cereal production, and its importance in the evolving global food system. The IMPACT-WATER integrated waterfood modeling framework developed at IFPRI is applied to assess the current

Impact of agricultural credit on agriculture production: an empirical analysis in India
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A large proportion of the population in India is rural based and depends on agriculture for a living. Enhanced and stable growth of the agriculture sector is important as it plays a vital

Effect of Global Warming on Rainfall and Agriculture Production
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Temperature and rainfall are key features of climate, which is defined as the prevailing weather conditions over an area. The atmospheric temperature is the degree of heat that is produced by the heating of the earth's surface, especially the ocean by the energy from

A look at California's organic agriculture production
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California leads the nation with the highest number of organic farms, land in organic production, and organic sales. Two-thirds of organic sales in California are from produce, onefourth from livestock, and the remainder from field crops. The vast majority of organic

Production practices for major crops in US agriculture, 1990-97
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Changes in US farming practices since the end of World War II have brought large increases in agricultural productivity. However, soil erosion, sedimentation in streams and reservoirs, pollution of surface waters, contamination of ground water, and degradation of wildlife

Grassland for agriculture and nature conservation: production, quality and multi-functionality
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Abstract. European grasslands encompass a wide range of habitats that vary greatly in terms of their management, agricultural productivity, socio-economic value and nature conservation status, reflecting local differences in physical environment and economy, the

of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and their effect on plant growth and grain yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under sustainable agriculture Production
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Abstract Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) strains were isolated from locality of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. These isolated strains were biochemically and molecularly characterized through partial sequencing of 16S rDNA gene analysis and submitted in

Supporting the entrepreneurship development in the agriculture production cooperatives
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The purpose of this study was to recognize the supporting mechanisms for entrepreneurship development in agriculture production cooperatives. It is an applicatory and investigational study. The statistical population is 492 managing directors of Khuzestan agriculture

Economic competitiveness of bioenergy production and effects on agriculture of the southern region
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The economic competitiveness of biobased industries is discussed by comparing the South relative to other regions of the United States and biomass as a feedstock source relative to fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum. An estimate of the biomass resource base is

Agriculture-based renewable energy production
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Summary Since the late 1970s, US policy makers at both the federal and state levels have enacted a variety of incentives, regulations, and programs to encourage the production and use of agriculture-based renewable energy. Motivations cited for these legislative

Ethanol and biofuels: agriculture, infrastructure, and market constraints related to expandedproduction
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Summary High petroleum and gasoline prices, concerns over global climate change, and the desire to promote domestic rural economies have greatly increased interest in biofuels as an alternative to petroleum in the US transportation sector. Biofuels, most notably corn-

Potential of anaerobic digestion for mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and productionof renewable energy from agriculture: barriers and incentives to
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Disincentives 78 000 farms in the GAEPS scheme 1 875 000 hectares (91% of field area) The total amount of agricultural waste accumulated in Finland is around 20 million (wet) tonnes, of which cattle dung is 8 million (wet) tonnes Only 2 farms currently digest such

Organic Agriculture: The challenge of sustaining food production while enhancing biodiversity
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Environmental degradation. After half a century of high intensive input agriculture, the yield gap between best practices and farmers' fields remains large, agricultural lands continue to shrink and global environmental threats are a reality, eg erosion of biodiversity,

Cognitive level of instruction and student performance among selected Ohio production agriculture programs
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Three-quarters of a century of educational literature (Chamberlain Kelly, 1981; Furst, 1981; Ryan, 1973; Stevens, 1912) suggests that the main emphasis in schools has been teaching students facts, even though teachers and curriculum designers have attested to

The status of organic agriculture production and trade in Uganda
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Over the last 10 years, the global production and trade in organic agriculture has been expanding rapidly. Although many factors may be advanced to explain the rapid expansion of the organic agriculture production and export sub-sector, much of it is attributable to the

Vetiver system for agriculture production
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System for Agriculture Production Truong Page VETIVER SYSTEMS FOR SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION IN ORCHARDS, TEA GARDENS AND ON SLOPING FARMLAND Page 3. In China Page 4.

Combining agricultural production and care for persons with disabilities: a new role of agriculture and farm animals
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Abstract An increasing number of farmers in the Netherlands is combining commercial agricultural production with other functions such as landscape and nature conservation, and recreation. New and promising is the combination of agricultural production and providing

Nanotechnology in agriculture and food production
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ABSTRACT Agriculture provides food for humans, directly and indirectly. Given the increasing world population, it is necessary to use the modern technologies such as bio and nano technologies in agricultural sciences. Nanotechnology has been defined as relating


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