RESEARCH PAPERS

antivirus research papers




The underground economy of fake antivirus software
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Fake antivirus (AV) programs have been utilized to defraud millions of computer users into paying as much as one hundred dollars for a phony software license. As a result, fake AV software has evolved into one of the most lucrative criminal operations on the Internet. In 

Interaction of the antivirus agents remantadine and amantadine with lipid membranes and the influence on the curvature of human red cells
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ABSTRACT Surface potential difference, conductance, and elasticity changes of bilayer lipid membranes induced by the antivirus drugs amantadine and remantadine were measured. An influence on the human erythrocyte shape was shown. Both drugs are 

Gravity: a massively parallel antivirus engine
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In the ongoing arms race against malware, antivirus software is at the forefront, as one of the most important defense tools in our arsenal. Antivirus software is flexible enough to be deployed from regular users desktops, to corporate e-mail proxies and file servers. 

From antivirus to antimalware software and beyond: another approach to the protection of customers from dysfunctional system behaviour
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ABSTRACT As users tend to rely on systems of growing complexity without themselves being able to understand or control malevolent behaviour, threats contained in software must be well understood. The paper deals with different aspects of malicious software (malware), 

Antivirus outbreak response testing and impact
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Results of the heuristic test (based on a  Results of the outbreak response time test  (who performed best in the past eight months) Current tests are still too focused on  The main question we want to answer:  How long does it take until signature updates

A mathematical model to study the effect of hepatitis B virus vaccine and antivirus treatment among the Canadian Inuit population
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ABSTRACT The prevalence of hepatitis B among the Canadian Inuit population is 4%. This study will use a mathematical model to compare the roles of vaccination and therapy to predict future prevalence and incidence among the Canadian Inuit population for the next 

Eighty percent of new malware defeats antivirus
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I am not suggesting that there is a difference in the quality of the antivirus products themselves. What is happening is that the bad guys, the criminals, are testing their malicious code against the antivirus products to make sure they are undetectable. This is not a 

Rogue Antivirus Dissected-Part
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In a previous writeup, we detailed how the rogue antivirus program called " Antivirus XP 2008" infected a system and how it looks. But many questions remain, such as:  ? Is there

A System to Support the Analysis of Antivirus Products' Virus Detection Capabilities
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ABSTRACT Computer viruses have become a threat to computer users and computer antivirus products have been developed to facilitate the prevention of computer viruses. Unfortunately, computer antivirus products are not perfect solutions and therefore antivirus 

Comparison of Firewall, Intrusion Prevention and Antivirus Technologies
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Network attacks are increasing both in sheer number as well as complexity. In recent news, we have seen how viruses, worms and other attacks can cause major business disruptions and cost companies worldwide billions of dollars. For instance, the Blaster worm infected 

Study: Antivirus software catches about half of malware, misses 15 percent altogether
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Damballa found in its recent study that antivirus software immediately discovered only 53 percent of malware samples. Another 32 percent were found later on, and 15 percent were not detected at all, according to data gathered by Damballa in a six-month study that used 

Are current antivirus programs able to detect complex metamorphic malware? An empirical evaluation
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Introduction Metamorphic engine description Malware detectors evaluation ConclusionFuture works  Are current antivirus programs able to detect complex metamorphic malware ? An empirical evaluation  CELAR, BP 7419, 35 174 BRUZ Cedex, France jean-marie.borello dga. 

From the design of a generic metamorphic engine to a black-box classification of antivirusdetection techniques
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ABSTRACT In this paper, we propose an original black-box approach concerning antivirus products evaluation. Contrary to classical tests focusing on detection rates concerning a specific malware sample, we use a generic metamorphic engine to observe the detection 

Host-Based Intrusion Prevention Systems (HIPS) Update: Why Antivirus and Personal Firewall Technologies Aren't Enough
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By 2010, financially motivated Internet-based attacks will represent 70% of total incidents and will represent 80% of the incident costs incurred by enterprises (0.6 probability). By year- end 2007, 75% of enterprises will be infected with undetected, financially motivated, 

Ion channels as antivirus targets
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ABSTRACT Ion channels are membrane proteins that are found in a number of viruses and which are of crucial physiological importance in the viral life cycle. They have one common feature in that their action mode involves a change of electrochemical or proton gradient 

Application-level reconnaissance: Timing channel attacks against antivirus software
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ABSTRACT Remote attackers use network reconnaissance techniques, such as port scanning, to gain information about a victim machine and then use this information to launch an attack. Current network reconnaissance techniques, that are typically below the 

Improving antivirus accuracy with hypervisor assisted analysis
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ABSTRACT Modern malware protection systems bring an especially difficult problem to antivirus scanners. Simple obfuscation methods can diminish the effectiveness of a scanner significantly, often times rendering them completely ineffective. This paper outlines the 

Clam AntiVirus 0.71 User Manual
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Clam AntiVirus is an anti-virus toolkit for UNIX. The main purpose of this software is integration with mail servers (attachment scanning). The package provides a flexible and scalable multi-threaded daemon, a command line scanner, and a tool for automatic 

Attacking antivirus
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 1 2008-4-1 Attacking Antivirus Feng Xue Nevis Labs Page 2.  4 2008-4-1 Why Can Antivirus Be Targeted • People trust Anti-virus too much – I am safe, because I have installed an Antivirus! • Antivirus serves the security gate for incoming files What if attackers attack antivirus? 

Optimization of Antivirus Software
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The paper describes the main techniques used in development of computer antivirus software applications. For this particular category of software, are identified and defined optimum criteria that helps determine which solution is better and what are the objectives 

OpenAV: Developing Open Source AntiVirus Engines
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What we currently have is a set of toys to play with-nothing we would consider using in a production environment (or at least not without prior extensive testing). All these toys are in a very early, mostly pre-alpha state. No one serious about the security of their systems will 

Remote fingerprinting and exploitation of mail server antivirus engines
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ABSTRACT Vulnerabilities within antivirus engines deployed at a mail server represent a serious risk to the security of organizations. If a sophisticated attacker is able to remotely probe a mail server and identify the particular antivirus engine used, he may craft a 

DISINFECTION AND IMMUNIZATION: II. EFFECTS IN RABBITS OF INTRABRONCHIAL INJECTIONS OF VACCINES, BACTERIOPHAGE AND ANTIVIRUS
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reference to clasmatocytes. At least the cells of the macrophage system appear to be more phagocytic in chronic infections. In this connection the macrophages referred to are principally the monocytes of the circulating blood, the capillary endothelium, the 

77. The Magnitude of Switching Costs for Corporate Antivirus Software Switching Decision
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ABSTRACT Today's businesses environment is forcing companies to become increasingly more efficient in applying Internet technology to conduct transactions. AS the possibility of infection by computer virus is much greater now than ever before, businesses search for 

Elimination of Some Viruses Infecting Tomato Plants by Phyto-antivirus
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ABSTRACT The major loss of tomato production is due to infection with tomato yellow leaf curl geminivirus (TYLCV) and other viruses. Using water extract of Khella (0.3%) and black cumin (3.0%) led to elimination of TYLCV and produced virus-free tomato by tissue culture 

Live virus-free or die: coupling of antivirus immunity and programmed suicide or dormancy in prokaryotes
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ABSTRACT Background: The virus-host arms race is a major theater for evolutionary innovation. Archaea and bacteria have evolved diverse, elaborate antivirus defense systems that function on two general principles: i) immune systems that discriminate self DNA from 

Identification of a genetic locus related to antivirus production in pseudomonas fluorescence strain Gpf01 against Cucumber mosaic virus
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Pseudomonas fluorescens strain Gpf01, isolated from ginseng rhizosphere showed antiviral activity against Cucumber mosaic virus, when tested in a local host of CMV, Chenopodium amaranticolor. Transposon mutant library of Gpf01 was prepared using pGS9:: Tn5 and 

Should Antivirus Software be Free?
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E Donovan, WN Kaghan ,eddiedonovan.com " One reason I think so many PCs are undefended is because antivirus apps keep getting more expensive. That's why I offer a challenge to the major antivirus companies: I'd like to see one of you offer a free version of your best-selling antivirus product for desktop PCs. 

Bulowski points out that most antivirus programs also protect against worms and Trojan horses (55-61).
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Shelly and Cashman (Antivirus Programs), many vendors of antivirus programs allow registered users to update virus signature files automatically from the Web at no cost for a specified time. Updating the antivirus program's signature files regularly is important 

Privacy Issues of Antivirus Apps for Smartphones
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ABSTRACT There are thousands of antivirus applications available for the Android market. Most of these applications help assure protection of smartphones but they require access to a cellphone's private data and sensitive information. Often users do not know the type of 

Overview of Real-Time Antivirus Scanning Engines
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ABSTRACT Malicious code is one of the biggest problems in the world of networks. There exist various methods and techniques stating that they protect user. For quite some time the most popular protection method against viruses was on-demand scans. Various attempts to 

Modelling Antivirus Defence Strategies in Scale Free Networks
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D Mungovan, E Howley, J Duggan ,netserver.it.nuigalway.ie ABSTRACT Computer viruses pose a significant security threat to organizations and computer users today. Viruses can propagate rapidly across networks through emails that are sent from user to user, such networks have been shown to possess a scale free1 configuration. 

antivirus utilities, requirement to disable 3-5
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Design Zones 1-viii device bootstrapping 7-4 device certificates before adding to Security Manager checking validity 4-12 validating encryption keys 4-12 verifying end-host identity 4- 12 verifying signature 4-12 device credentials exporting from DCR as a. csv file before 

Security Solution for False Antivirus Detection
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ABSTRACT False antiviruses, also known as rogue, block access to PC operating systems, in which case a classic antivirus proves inadequate. The purpose of the software described in this paper is to improve the products already existing on the market by adding it to a 

New model of antivirus protection of computer network users
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ABSTRACT This article describes theoretic design and implementation of a network model for protecting computer network users from malicious software. Data stream analysis is realized as a man in the middle service. The implementation also suppresses threat of DDoS 

A Formal Petri Net Based Model for Antivirus Update Agent System
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ABSTRACT In this paper, a formal model for antivirus update agent system is presented based on mobile agent technology and predicate/transition Petri nets. The mobile agent system contains two mobile agents called DCA and UNA. It sends out agents to update antivirus 

Antivirus Performance Characterization: System-Wide View
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ABSTRACT Cyber security threats are still big concerns of the cyber world. Even though many defense techniques have been proposed and used so far, the antivirus (AV) software is very widely used and recommended for the end-users-PC community. Most effective AV 

Clam AntiVirus 0.65 User Manual
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Clam AntiVirus is an anti-virus toolkit for UNIX. The main purpose of this software is the integration with mail servers (attachment scanning). The package provides a flexible and scalable multi-threaded daemon, a command line scanner, and a tool for automatic 

Constructing A Macro Virus to Upgrading Antivirus Programs
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ABSTRACT A virus is a self-replicating program that spreads by inserting copies of itself into other executable code or documents. a macro virus is a virus that is written in a macro language, a language built into a software application such as a Word processor, and 

VIRUS--ANTIVIRUS MIXTURES IN SMALLPOX VACCINATION
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completely satisfactory. The local reaction is often quite marked and may result in a rather unsightly scar; at times secondary pox appears at distant sites. The frequent concomitant systemic reaction is also of importance, especially in young infants, in whom the high 

Despite the widespread use of antivirus software, malware remains pervasive. A new study compares the effectiveness of six commercial AV products.
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COMPUTER 64 midnight. The software thus must heuristically rely on other characteristics to classify the file. In signature-based detection, researchers focus on improving signature accuracy as well as on developing automated processes for signature generation to 

ANTIVIRUS THERAPY
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The avertin anaesthetic (rectal) which he mentions has ceirtailnly given good results on the opeiPatiing table, and afterwari (s, accordinig tothe relortfromii St.-Luke's Hos-* pital, Bradford. The number of cases quoted-namely, 100-is very small, thoulgh, in my-opinion, 

Exploring Reliability of Cloud Antivirus solutions
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ABSTRACT Today the Antivirus software is widely used to prevent the malicious, unwanted programs and files. Antivirus software is deployed on most desktops and workstations in enterprises across the world. A rapidly advancing challenge for the antivirus parties are 

Microcomputer Antivirus Program
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1. This Instruction applies to the Office of the Inspector General; the Deputy Inspector General; the Assistant Inspectors General; Director, Administration and Information Management; Director, Departmental Inquiries; Director, Intelligence Review; and the 


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