biodiesel research papers
RESEARCH PAPERS

biodiesel research papers




Experimental Study on A Diesel Engine Fueled with SoybeanBiodiesel
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ABSTRACT Biodieselis a renewable and environmentally friendly alternative fuel derived from natural fats or vegetable oils and it is considered as an attractive alternative to replace diesel fuels. To optimize the application ofbiodieselon vehicle diesel engines, the power and

Biodieselfrom microalgae in lagoons: an acceptable alternative fuel to the transportation crunch? 2
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18 The results obtained so far show that the various strains of microalgae used (nearby lagoons in 19 Portugal and Spain) offer a huge prospect ofbiodieselproduction. 20 21 KEYWORDS:Biodiesel, microalgae, alternative fuel, lagoon. 22 23

Biodieselwith controlled physicochemical properties, a means to further reduce diesel engine particle emissions
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The issue of particle emissions from diesel engines is still a matter of concern due its International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) inclusion of diesel engine exhaust

Life Cycle Impact Modeling of Global Warming on Net Primary Production: A Case Study ofBiodieselin Thailand
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ABSTRACT Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is an effective tool for evaluating the potential environmental impact associated with all stages of a product's life cycle. Currently, a number of Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) methodologies have been developed. These

Wastewater management inbiodieselproduction
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ABSTRACT Most of the previous studies onbiodieselwere focused on its production and fuel properties, while its environmental management was rarely considered. The present work is a review of previous studies on the treatment of wastewater generated bybiodiesel

Waste-water Treatment Coupled withBiodieselProduction Using Microalgae: A Bio-refinery Approach
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Scarcity and non-renewable nature of petroleum based liquid fuels have made them an un- reliable source of energy. Excessive greenhouse gas emissions and the associated effects on global warming have become noteworthy environmental, economic and social threats.

Biodieselproduction: process and characterization
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Biodieselis a fuel made of vegetable oils, animal fats and microbial oil (algae, bacteria and fungi). The raw materials are converted tobiodieselthrough a chemical reaction involving ethanol and catalyst. This reaction is called transesterification or ethanolysis. This work

Dieselzymes: development of a stable and methanol tolerant lipase forbiodieselproduction by directed evolution
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ABSTRACT Background: Biodiesels are methyl esters of fatty acids that are usually produced by base catalyzed transesterification of triacylglyerol with methanol. Some lipase enzymes are effective catalysts forbiodieselsynthesis and have many potential advantages over

High-level expression and characterization of a chimeric lipase from Rhizopus oryzae forbiodieselproduction
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ABSTRACT Background: Production ofbiodieselfrom non-edible oils is receiving increasing attention. Tung oil, called China wood oil is one kind of promising non-ediblebiodieseloil in China. To our knowledge, tung oil has not been used to producebiodieselby enzymatic

Sensitivity Analysis Applied to Kinetics of EnzymaticBiodieselProduction
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ABSTRACT Currently enzymatic catalysts are not used in commercial-scalebiodiesel production. This is mainly due to nonoptimized process designs. Process modelling can be a valuable tool to help support the enzymaticbiodieselprocess development. Integral in

REVIEW OF THE MAJOR ENERGY ALTERNATIVES TO THE USE OF GLYCEROL AS WASTE IN THEBIODIESELPRODUCTION IN BRAZIL AND
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ABSTRACT The growing shortage of fossil fuels and the consequent rise in oil prices indicate the need to obtain new alternative fuels from renewable resources.Biodieselstands out as being derived from renewable sources and offer environmental advantages; its policy is

Novel 1H low field nuclear magnetic resonance applications for the field ofbiodiesel.
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ABSTRACT Background:Biodieselproduction has increased dramatically over the last decade, raising the need for new rapid and non-destructive analytical tools and technologies. 1H Low Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (LF-NMR) applications, which offer great

BIODIESELFROM HETEROGENEOUSLY ACID-CATALYZED ETHANOLYSIS OF SUNFLOWER OIL
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At present, the homogeneous base-catalyzed methanolysis reaction of vegetable oils is the most often used process for the industrialbiodieselproduction. The toxicity of methanol, its non-renewable character and the possibility of ethanol production from renewable

Effect of Polyethylene Glycol Membrane on the Separation ofBiodieselfrom Palm Oil
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ABSTRACT Transesterification of methyl ester is a reversible reaction and requires excess methanol to drive the reaction forward. In this study, Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) membrane reactor was used to separate glycerol during reaction, to attain high conversion of palm oil

Enhancement ofbiodieselproduction using electrical discharge in liquid with heterogeneous catalyst
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ABSTRACT In this research, pulse electrical discharge in liquid was introduced for the enhancement ofbiodieselproduction rate with heterogeneous catalysts. The experimental result showed the reaction rate was increased and the effectiveness of the discharge was

Microwave-assistedbiodieselfuel production from waste cooking oil.
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ABSTRACT Studies focused around the produce ofbiodieselare increasing at a very fast rate. In this study a domestic microwave oven was modified as abiodieselproducing reactor and the effect of microwave irradiation on transesterification of waste cooking oil (WCO) to

Emission Analysis of a Single Cylinder Di Engine Running onBiodieselBlend as Fuel
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ABSTRACT Biodieselproduction is undergoing rapid technological reforms in industries and academia. This has become more obvious and relevant since the recent increase in the petroleum prices and the growing awareness relating to the environmental consequences

BiodieselFeedstock and Production Technologies: Successes, Challenges and Prospects
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In order to achieve thebiodieselcentral policy of protecting the environment, replacing petroleum diesel and protecting and/or creating jobs, a good understanding ofbiodiesel history is essential. This is because consumers always tend to buy cheap rather than

BiodieselProduction from High Free Fatty Acid Waste Cooking Oil by Solid Acid Catalyst
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ABSTRACT Heterogeneous transesterification of waste cooking oil (WCO) with methanol in the presence of heteropoly acid (HPA) catalyst have been investigated. The effect of different operation parameters such as methanol to oil molar ratio, catalyst loading, reaction

Influence of Waste Cooking OilBiodieselon the Particulate Emissions and Particle Volatility of a DI Diesel Engine
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ABSTRACT The effect ofbiodieselproduced from waste cooking oil on the particulate emissions of a direct injection (DI) diesel engine was investigated experimentally and the results were compared with two diesel fuels, namely, an ultra low sulfur diesel fuel with

Ignition delay times of very-low-vapor-pressurebiodieselsurrogates behind reflected shock waves
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Ignition delay times for five low-vapor-pressurebiodieselsurrogates were measured behind reflected shock waves, using an aerosol shock tube. These fuels included methyl decanoate (C11H22O2, CAS: 110-42-9), methyl laurate (C13H26O2, CAS: 111-82-0), methyl

Combi-protein coated microcrystals of lipases for production ofbiodieselfrom oil from spent coffee grounds
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ABSTRACT Background: Replacing chemical catalysts with biocatalysts is a widely recognized goal of white biotechnology. For biocatalytic processes requiring low water containing media, enzymes for example commercial preparations of lipases, show low catalytic

Biodieselproduction from leather industry wastes as an alternative feedstock and its use in diesel engines
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Waste leather fat is produced by the leather industry in fleshing processing and discarded as waste. These wastes can be used as a potential feedstock forbiodieselproduction due to their considerable fat content. In this work, raw fleshing oil which is a fat-originated waste

GREEN TECHNOLOGY FORBIODIESELPRODUCTION USING WASTE MATERIAL BASED HETEROGENEOUS CATALYST
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ABSTRACT Increasing prices of petroleum products and their detrimental environmental impact made it clear that the society cannot depend upon its application massively in future. Lack of sufficient reserves for petrochemical sources may also cause future energy problems.

ASSESSMENT AND PROJECTION OF WASTE VEGETABLE OILS FROM HOTELS FORBIODIESELFEEDSTOCK AND CO
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Waste Vegetable Oils (WVOs) are used cooking oils generated as by-products from factories producing foods, fast foods, restaurants, households and hotels. In Ghana the quantities of WVOs being generated are not known. This makes it difficult for prospective investors

The Effect of Ethanol andBiodieselBlended Diesel Fuels on Performance from a Single Cylinder Direct Injection Engine
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ABSTRACT Acceptance Criteria Accord Energy crisis and environmental air pollution are of alarming concern worldwide. Exponentially increasing population, rapid growth of industrialization and the global trend of urbanization have totally disturbed the eco

Production ofbiodieselfrom soybean and Jatropha Curcas oils with KSF and amberlyst 15 catalysts in the presence of co-solvents
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ABSTRACT Experimental conditions for the production of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from Jatropha curcas and soybean oils using two acid heterogeneous catalysts (Amberlyst15 and KSF) was optimized, in the presence of different co-solvents (THF, acetone, petroleum

A new approach for production of coffee oil from waste coffee residue as a feedstock forbiodiesel
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ABSTRACT The coffee oil is liquid and contains glycerides of palmitic, stearic, and linoleic acids, and small amounts of coffee sterol. The lipid substances are contained entirely within residue and almost are not extracted during the extraction in the coffee drink. In this study

Performance and Emissions Characteristics of a CI Engine Fuelled with Different Blends ofBiodieselDerived from Waste Mustard Oil
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ABSTRACT In this research work, waste mustardbiodiesel-diesel fuel blends as alternative fuels for diesel engines were studied. An experimental investigation has been carried out to evaluate the performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fuelled with

Fuel-Flexible Engine Control ofBiodieselBlends During Mixing-Controlled Combustion
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The use ofbiodieselblends has the potential to result in many benefits including decreased reliance on imported petroleum, increased sustainability, decreased net carbon dioxide emissions, and decreased particulate matter emissions. There are, however, two major

Application of Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis to a Kinetic Model for EnzymaticBiodieselProduction
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ABSTRACT This paper demonstrates the added benefits of using uncertainty and sensitivity analysis in the kinetics of enzymaticbiodieselproduction. For this study, a kinetic model by Fedosov and co-workers is used. For the uncertainty analysis the Monte Carlo procedure

Potential of wastewater grown algae forbiodieselproduction and CO2 sequestration
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Scenedesmus incrassatulus, Scenedesmus dimorphus and Chroococcus cohaerens (2.807, 1.627, 1.501, 1.270 and 0.786 g L-1d-1, respectively). Nile red stain was used for detection of lipid in microalgal sample which was further extracted and analysed by gas

Alkaline Earth Metal Oxide Catalysts forBiodieselProduction from Palm Oil: Elucidation of Process Behaviors and Modeling Using Response Surface
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ABSTRACT Four different alkaline earth metal oxides ie MgO, CaO, SrO and BaO were used as heterogeneous catalysts forbiodieselproduction from palm oil. Effects of critical process variables ie reaction time, methanol to oil ratio and temperature were investigated

High Voltage/Low Amperage Current for Separation of Crude Glycerin fromBiodiesel
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com High Voltage/Low Amperage Current for Separation of Crude Glycerin from BiodieselAhmad Abbaszadeh, Barat Ghobadian, Gholamhassan Najafi2014 Key words:Biodiesel, Glycerin separation, electrostatic Coalescing

Production ofbiodieselfrom microalgae Chlamydomonas polypyrenoideum grown on dairy industry wastewater
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This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the authors institution and sharing with colleagues.Other uses, including reproduction and

Engine Performance Characteristics of Diesel Engine Using MahuaBiodieselas Fuel
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ABSTRACT In many countriesbiodieselfound suitable alternative fuel as it is environment friendly. Although straight vegetable oils can be used in diesel engines, their high viscosities, low volatilities and poor cold flow properties have led to the investigation of

Experimental Analysis of Exhaust Gas Recirculation on DI Diesel Engine Operating withBiodiesel
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ABSTRACT Automobile Emission is one of the major problems in environment. Engine emits the carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC), Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and smoke density etc. NOx emission leads to dangerous effect in the environment. NOx can travel long

CYCLE-TO-CYCLE VARIATIONS OF A DIESEL ENGINE OPERATING WITH PALMBIODIESEL
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AbstractBiodieselis one of biodegradable and renewable fuel, which is originated from vegetable oil or animal fats. Different fuel properties ofbiodieselproduce different combustion characteristics which slightly differ to mineral diesel. Combustion studies on

PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF A PRESSURE-SWIRL ATOMIZER FORBIODIESELOPERATION IN A MICROTURBINE
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ABSTRACT Several studies have shown the technical viability of ethyl-esters (biodiesel) operating as fuel in stationary microturbines. Pressure-swirl atomizers are largely used for atomization of the liquid fuels in gas turbines. This kind of atomizer imparts a swirling

Comparison of Mist CirculationBiodieselWater Washing with Traditional Methods
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This paper describes the investigation on waterwashing methods of producedbiodieselfor eliminating its impurities. Considering the merits and demerits of three typicalbiodiesel waterwashing methods ie mixing, water mist and bubble washing, with the aim of finding

Oil rich seeds of Jatropha curcas L. as a renewable source ofbiodiesel: genotyping clones of cultivated varieties and cloning genes for fatty acid biosynthesis
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ABSTRACT Jatropha is becoming a popular non-food oleaginous crop in several developing countries for its proposed value for the production of bioenergy. Despite the great potentials of its oil-rich seeds as renewable source of biofuel and the broad interest

Screening of SustainableBiodieselProduction Pathways during Process Research and Development (R&D) Stage using Fuzzy Optimization
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Biodieselis recognized as an important renewable energy source to fulfill global energy demand and resolve environmental issues. Despite its known advantages, it is still very critical to assess the sustainability ofbiodieselproduction prior to the greater expansion

PERFORMANCE AND ANALYSIS OF SUPER CHARGING AND BLENDS OF RICE BRAN OILBIODIESELAS AN ADDITIVE IN DIESEL-ETHANOL FOR
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The applications of diesel engines in the present scenario are vast. Generally these engines use conventional petroleum diesel oil as fuel. Probably in this century, it is believed that crude oil and petroleum products will become very scarce and costly to find and produce.

PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF DI-CI ENGINE USING PONGAMIABIODIESEL–DIESEL BLEND AS FUEL
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ABSTRACT The conventional petroleum fuels for internal combustion engines will be available for few years only, due to tremendous increase in the vehicular population. Moreover, these fuels cause serious environmental problems by emitting harmful gases

Statistical Analysis of an Analytical Chemistry Experiment: Applications of Partial Least Squares Regression toBiodieselBlends and Frackwater Samples
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ABSTRACT In this paper, we use a linear regression statistical model to analyze data collected from an Analytical Chemistry experiment using gas chromatographymass spectrometry and chemometrics to predictbiodieselblend percent composition. This experiment is being

Bioremediation of Soil Contaminated withBiodieseland Glycerin-Results of Soil Microbial Adaptation Through Evidence Contaminants Removal
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Sources of contamination with Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) in soil are related to exploration, production, storage, transportation, distribution and disposal of fuels, such as biodiesel. Therefore, this study examined the ability of bioremediation of soil contaminated

Lipase mediated transesterification of Simarouba glauca oil: a new feedstock forbiodieselproduction
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ABSTRACT Background: Immobilized lipase mediated tranesterification process for new feed stock Simarouba glauca oil forbiodieselproduction has been developed by utilizing the greener aspects of immobilized biocatalyst in n-hexane solvent system. The presence of

Jatrofa Seeds; oil andbiodieselquality: nutrients and potentially toxic elements determined by mass spectroscopy inductively coupled plasma
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Determination of potentially toxic elements present in biofuels is needed to ensure their quality because they can cause problems to the engine and the environment the presence of metals and sulphur, even at trace levels inbiodieselmay be a source of air

Energy and exergy analyses of a CI engine fuelled with palmbiodieselbased on experimental data
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Only energy analysis is not enough to define the best efficiencies of any system, so exergy analysis uses to understand and improve the actual efficiencies of the whole system. Energy analysis identified the energy losses but could neither identify the irreversible losses nor

EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF GENERATOR SET OPERATING WITHBIODIESEL-DIESEL BLEND
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ABSTRACT Several changes to leverage energy supply systems implementing global standards of efficiency and reduced pollution levels have taken place in Brazil. In a country as large as Brazil, electricity generators are an important way to supply electric power to

Optimization ofBiodieselProduction by Chemical Trans-esterification of Sunflower Oil
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ABSTRACT Vegetable oils and fats in comparison with diesel fuel have high viscosity, by transesterification method the viscosity of oil can be decreased. Transesterification of triglyceride with alcohol is one of the methods for production ofbiodiesel. In this study

Kinetic study of used vegetable oil for esterification and transesterification process ofbiodieselproduction
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ABSTRACT A mathematical model describing chemical kinetics of transesterification of model oil forbiodieselproduction has been developed. The model is based on the reverse mechanism of transesterification reactions and describes dynamics concentration

A review of production and use of first generationbiodieselin agriculture
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ABSTRACT Biofuels manufactured by transesterification from organic fats and oils, usually known as first generationbiodiesel, have often been rejected in recent energy policy discussions. Major reasons for this have been the low energy return on investment ratio

Studies on Emissions and Combustion Characteristics of Waste Fried Vegetable Oil in Crude Form andBiodieselof High Grade Low Heat Rejection Diesel
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ABSTRACT Investigations were carried out to study exhaust emissions from a low heat rejection (LHR) diesel engine with air gap insulated piston, air gap insulated liner and ceramic coated cylinder head [ceramic coating of thickness 500 microns was done on

Economic feasibility of sustainable high oilseed-based biofuel production: the case forbiodieselin North Carolina
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ABSTRACT We assess the economic feasibility of a 10 million gallon per yearbiodieselplant that uses canola seeds as feedstock. A Monte Carlo Cash Flow model is programmed using Risk simulation software. The model is programmed with three output variables:

Biodieselproduction from microbial whole cell biocatalyst.
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ABSTRACT Enzymatic mode ofbiodieselproduction has recently gained a special attention among researchers because it eliminates the disadvantages of alkaline process such as end product recovery, waste water treatment, energy intensive and etc. Recently,

Materials technological challenges for thebiodieselindustry development in Mexico
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Biodieselas a fuel substitute of diesel has acquired great importance for its sustainable nature and contribution in reducing emissions. Its development and production at industrial level in the international context has been successful and continues to grow.Biodiesel

Performance, Emissions and Combustion Characteristics of Waste Fried Vegetable Oil in BasedBiodieselin High Grade Low Heat Rejection Diesel Engine
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ABSTRACT –Experiments were conducted to evaluate the performance of a high grade low heat rejection (LHR) diesel engine with air gap insulated piston, air gap insulated liner and ceramic coated cylinder head [ceramic coating of thickness 500 microns was done on

Egg shell as eco-friendly catalyst for transesterification of rapeseed oil: optimization forbiodieselproduction
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ABSTRACT Calcined eggshell was investigated in rapeseed oil transesterification with a view to determine its viability as a solid catalyst for use inbiodieselsynthesis. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was used to optimize thebiodieselproduction parameters. A

MICROREACTOR FABRICATION BY PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY AND ANALYSIS FOR SYNTHESIS OFBIODIESEL
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ABSTRACT This work presents an analysis about microreactors of different geometries for the biodieselsynthesis. The microreactors were made by a polymeric substrate with the photolithography technique. Simulations were made using the computational fluid

COMPARISON OF GLOBAL VIBRATION IN SINGLE CYLINDER DIESEL CYCLE USING DIESEL B5 ANDBIODIESELB100
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ABSTRACT The global oil crisis, even as the growing concern for the environment, has been increased interest in renewable fuels. In the same way the market responsible for the production of automobiles is attentive to the matter more cautiously to sustainability and

Conversion of free fatty acids in low grade crude palm oil to methyl esters forbiodieselproduction using chromosulfuric acid
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In this study low grade crude palm oil (LGCPO) was proposed as a potential agro-industrial raw material forbiodieselproduction. Chromosulfuric acid was used as a new homogenous catalyst in the pre-treatment process to reduce the free fatty acids (FFA) content in LGCPO

THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF DIESEL/BIODIESELBLENDS
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ABSTRACT Fuel quality is defined in terms of a range of values that certain properties, such as density, viscosity and heat of combustion can provide. The main motivation of this study is that these properties significantly affect the atomization process, which is the initial stage

Application ofBiodieselin Automotive Diesel Engines
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Diesel engines due to the better fuel economy have been widely used in automotive area. However, the limited reserve of fossil fuel and deteriorating environment have made scien- tists seek to alternative fuels for diesel while keeping the high efficiency of diesel engine.

Estimation of Viscosity ofBiodiesel-Diesel Blends with near Infrared Spectroscopy
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ABSTRACT Biodieselis one of the most important substitutes for diesel oil. This work reports the use of near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR) to estimate the kinematic viscosity value of biodiesel-diesel blends. Partial least squares models were developed using data of

Algae under uncertainty: The future of the algalbiodieseleconomy
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ABSTRACT We present a techno-economic assessment of algae-derivedbiodieselunder economic and technical uncertainties currently associated with the development of algal biorefineries. The proposed plant is comprised of photobioreactor (PBR), harvesting and

Inherently safer design applied to thebiodieselproduction
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The implementation of the inherent safety principles could be ambiguous due to the strategies that are involved on. Optimization is one of the options that could be seen as the key to balance the risk reduction and the economic feasibility of the project. The utilization

AND EXHAUST EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF A 4-STROKE CI ENGINE OPERATED WITH VARIOUS BLENDS OFBIODIESELAND RICE BRAN OIL
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Biodieselis receiving increased attention as an alternative, non-toxic, biodegradable, and renewable diesel fuel. It is derived from oils and fats by transesterification with alcohols. The main hurdle to the commercialization ofbiodieselis the cost of raw materials. Non edible,

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE OF A DIESEL CYCLE ENGINE USING BLENDS OF DIESEL ANDBIODIESEL
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ABSTRACT Fossil fuels the main source of energy today, due to the possibility of storing large amounts of energy at a relatively low cost. Being a non renewable source, causing major environmental impacts, many countries seek alternatives to reduce the consumption of oil

Methods of downstream processing for the production ofbiodieselfrom microalgae
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Recently, microalgae have received much attention as an attractive biomass for the commercial production of advanced biofuels, includingbiodieseland aviation fuels. In addition to their potential as an alternative biomass for advanced biofuels and bioproducts

Ultrasonic method ofbiodieselproduction from palm kernel.
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ABSTRACT Biodieselis a clean burning alternative fuel derived from chemical reactors produced from palm kernel oil, is currently spreading like a wind dust in the air. It is considered as the fuel for the future without rise in global warming. It has advantages over

PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION ANALYSIS OF PONGAMIA, JATROPHA AND NEEM METHYL ESTERS ASBIODIESELIN A CI ENGINE
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In the present investigation, experimental work has been carried out to analyze the emission and performance characteristics of a single cylinder 3.7 kW, compression ignition engine fuelled with mineral diesel andbiodieselblends at an injection pressure of 200 bar.

Fatty Acids Content from Several Microalgae Strains forBiodieselFuel
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ABSTRACT Decreasing petroleum resources and increasing the fuel price have become the reasons to find alternative energy. Furthermore, microalgae are potential alternative energy that can be developed asbiodieselfuel because it grows fast and produces oil. Other

BIODIESELPRODUCTION FROM FRIED COCONUT OIL USING LIPASE EXTRACTED FROM RICE BRAN
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ABSTRACT The over consumption of fossil fuels and increasing polluting emissions generated by combustion increased the necessity of an alternative fuel such asbiodiesel from renewable resources.Biodieselpopularly known as an alternative diesel fuel is

Production Methodology ofBiodieselfrom Microalgae
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ABSTRACT Energy is essential for economic development of the world. The global economy runs on the energy. The global economy depends on the fossil fuels but due to limited availability, land and water degradation and highly polluted limited the use of fossil fuels.

Analysis ofBiodieselfrom Jatropha Fuel Properties
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ABSTRACT This paper describes edible and non-edible oils having high free fatty acid (FFA) could not be converted intobiodieselby commercially available alkaline transestrification process. A two step pretreatment method (acid esterification) is

Performance characteristics of a diesel engine using mahuabiodieselas alternate fuel
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performance, emission and combustion characteristics of diesel engine using mahua methyl esters. In the present work, mahua methyl esters and its blends with diesel were used as

Studying some effective parameters on transesterification reaction to producebiodieselfrom safflower oil
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ABSTRACT Biodieselfuel, due to uncontrollable prices of fossil fuels, reduction of its resources and environmental pollution, has become increasingly important.Biodiesel(the mono alkyl esters of fatty acids) is a renewable and green energy, derived from vegetable

Experimental investigation of pongamia, jatropha andneemmethyl esters asbiodieselon CI engine
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ABSTRACT The methyl esters of vegetable oils, known asbiodieselare becoming increasingly popular because of their low environmental impact and potential as a green alternative fuel for diesel engine and they would not require significant modification of existing engine

Optimized Reduction Of Free Fatty Acid Content OnNeemSeed Oil, ForBiodieselProduction
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ABSTRACTNeemseed oil has been used in the production ofbiodieselbut with a two step free fatty acid content reduction. This study looks at the effect of various methanol quantities on acid concentration on reduction of free fatty acid content inneemseed oil having acid

Experimental Investigation of Cotton Seed Oil andNeemMethyl Esters asBiodieselon Ci Engine
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KD Kumar, PR Kumar - International Journal of Modern Engineering Research - ijmer.com ABSTRACT In a modern day world alternative source of energy are given importance due to gradual depletion of fossil fuels reserves vegetable oils can be used as an alternative to diesel in CI engines. The use of vegetable oils in CI engine results in low CO and HC

Production and Characterization ofBiodieselfrom Jatropha Oil andNeemOil.
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ABSTRACT Transesterification of two oil samples Jatropha andNeemoils in methanol was studied with the use of potassium hydroxide as a catalyst. The properties of the produced biodieselsuch as flash point, density, pour point and cloud point were measured and

Evaluation of Energy Ratios for Karanja andNeem BiodieselLife Cycles
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ABSTRACTBiodieselis one of the best substitutes to the fossil diesel fuel today in the world. Owing to big climatic diversity, there are numerous oil bearing seed plants/trees available in India. Extraction of the oil from these plants and its conversion to bio-diesel involves

Production ofneemoil ethyl ester (NOEE) orneemoilbiodieselby two step esterification of filteredneemoil.
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PK Vishnoi, R Bharti, PC Tewari, VK Gupta - tmucoe.co.in ABSTRACT Due to the rapid decline of crude oil reserves, the use of vegetable oils as diesel engine fuel in many countries. The best way to use vegetable oil as a fuel is convert it into biodiesel.Biodieselis basically a methyl or ethyl ester which is produced by

Performance and Emission of Turbo Charged 4-Stroke Four Cylinder Diesel Engine using Blends of Diesel andBiodieselwhich Produced from aNeem
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J Prajapti Jaivik, RJ Jani - ijesrt.com ABSTRACT This works about the engine performance and emissions characteristics of NOME biodieselon diesel engine. Overall, the engine performance of the NOMEbiodieseland its blends was only poorer performance than diesel at full load condition. From the view of

Oxidation Stability, Engine Performance and Emissions Investigations of Karanja,Neemand JatrophaBiodieseland Blends
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ABSTRACT Poor oxidation stability is the central problem associated with the commercial acceptance of thebiodiesel. The EU standard (EN14214) specifies a minimum value of 6 h forbiodieselinduction period at 110 C, measured with Rancimat instrument. Most of the

A Review ofNeem BiodieselAs Fuel for CI Engine
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D Dabhi, B Khiraiya Krunal, P Oza ABSTRACT Fuel crisis and environmental concerns have led to look for alternative fuel of bio origin successes such as vegetable oils, which can be produced from forests, vegetable. The effect ofneembio-diesel and its blending with pre-mineral diesel on different types of

INVESTIGATION OF PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS OF SINGLE CYLINDER FOUR STROKE DI DIESEL ENGINE OPERATING ONNEEMOILBIODIESEL
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Increasing oil prices, and global warming activates the research and development of substitute energy resources to maintain economic development. The methyl esters of vegetable oil, known asbiodieselare becoming popular because of their low ecological

Experimental Investigation of Performance Parameters of Diesel Engine Operating on Ethanol-Neem BiodieselBlends
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D Yadav, N Shrivastav, V Shrivastav - technicaljournals.org ABSTRACT The main objective of this study is to investigate the performance parameters of neemoil methyl ester blends with ethanol on a single cylinder, four stroke, direct injection, and 8 HP capacity diesel engine.Biodieselacts as surfactant which helps in preventing

Biodieselfromneemcake–obtaining a dual recycling product–a theoratical approach
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BM Sangeetha, U Ananthamoorthy - 2012 - elixirpublishers.com ABSTRACT Sustainable production is the need of the hour for a sustainable environment. To obtain a sustainable future is possible only through recycling of the recycled product. In the world where demand cannot meet with the existing requirements it is necessary to go

PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION ANALYSIS OF PONGAMIA, JATROPHA ANDNEEMMETHYL ESTERS ASBIODIESELIN A CI ENGINE
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In the present investigation, experimental work has been carried out to analyze the emission and performance characteristics of a single cylinder 3.7 kW, compression ignition engine fuelled with mineral diesel andbiodieselblends at an injection pressure of 200 bar.

Environment-CongenialBiodieselProduction from Non-EdibleNeemOil
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A Karmakar, PK Biswas, S Mukherjee - ceric.net ABSTRACT In developing countries like India, where edible oils are in short supply, the contribution of non-edible oils likeneemas a source forbiodieselproduction will be of great importance in the coming days.Biodieselwas produced from non-edibleneemoil having

Life cycle assessment ofNeemand Karanjabiodiesel: an overview.
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ABSTRACT Biodieselis one of the best substitutes to the fossil diesel fuel today in the world. Owing to big climatic diversity, there are numerous oil bearing seed plants/trees available in India. Extraction of the oil from these plants and its conversion to bio-diesel involves

AND EXHAUST EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF A DI ENGINE FUELED WITHNEEMOIL METHYL ESTER (BIODIESEL) AND ITS BLENDS WITH DIESEL
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ABSTRACT Energy is an essential and vital input for economic activity. Building a strong base of energy resources is a pre-requisite for the sustainable economic and social development of a country. Transport vehicles which is one of key player in development of

A Review: Effect of Fuel Additives on Performance and Emission of CI engine usingNeem Biodiesel
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ABSTRACT The depletion of world petroleum reserves and the increased environmental concern have stimulated the search of alternative fuel which is to be environment friendly. Bio-fuels have the potential to become alternative fuel for fossil fuels.Biodieselis a fuel


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