RESEARCH PAPERS

biomedical Engineering research papers



165 DIFFERING CONCEPTS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING EDUCATION
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Biomedical engineering (BME) is a very wide, so far not precisely defined area of university study. International discussions are running on this topic aiming at formulation of the main features and requirements of the teaching process and also of the qualification 

Biomedical Engineering in Epidural Anaesthesia Research
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The application of engineering techniques into biomedical procedures has proved extremely beneficial in many areas of medicine. A developing area is in epidural analgesia and anaesthesia, a technique employed for the relief of pain in both acute and chronic, and for 

Hilbert-Huang transform and its applications in engineering and biomedical signal analysis
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ABSTRACT Hilbert Huang transform (HHT) is a relatively new method. It seems to be very promising for the different applications in signal processing because it could calculate instantaneous frequency and amplitude which is also important for the biomedical signals. 

Platforms for Engineering Experimental Biomedical Systems
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ABSTRACT The systematic design, validation, and verification of systems for biomedical experiments in laboratory and clinical applications are complex due to the highly stochastic nature of biological systems. This paper presents a platform framework for the modeling of 

Wearable sensors/systems and their impact on biomedical engineering
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In the article that follows, present their approach to develop personal health monitors based on a wireless body area network of intelligent sensors. Body area networks of wireless intelligent sensors are linked to a personal server via a mobile gateway, ie, a 

Encyclopedia of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering. Four Volume Set
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Encyclopedia of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering. Four Volume Set  Antimineralization Treatment. Artificial Neural Networks: An Overview. Bioactive Materials and Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering. Biomaterials, Immune Response. Bioresorbable Polymers, An Overview. 

Standard handbook of biomedical engineering and design
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In an electrical sense, living things can be modeled as a bag of water having various dissolved salts. These salts ionize in solution and create an electrolyte where the positive and negative ionic charges are available to carry electricity. Positive electric charge is 

Sol-gel technology for biomedical engineering
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ABSTRACT Sol-gel derived silica possess many promising features, including low-temperature preparation procedure, porosity, chemical and physical stability. Applications exploiting porous materials to encapsulate sensor molecules, enzymes and many other compounds, 

Exploring an electronic polling system for the assessment of student progress in twobiomedical engineering courses
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ABSTRACT Monitoring students' understanding as part of course lectures has the potential to increase student engagement, facilitate modification of instruction so it targets learners' needs, and increase students' overall learning of the course materials. Classroom 

Fostering integrative problem solving in biomedical engineering: the PBL approach
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The rapidly changing field of Biomedical Engineering poses particular challenges for engineering education. On the educator front, medical technology changes at such a rapid pace that it is hard is for BME educators to keep abreast of all the advancements in the related fields of 

Applications of Metrotomography in Biomedical Engineering
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More than one hundred years ago X-ray technology started its triumphal procession when Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovered a new kind of radiation in his laboratory in Wuerzburg, Germany in the year 1895. Up to this moment most of the developments in X- 

7th International Conference on Ethical Issues in Biomedical Engineering
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This conference is being held at the SUNY Downstate in Brooklyn, New York, April 20–21, 2013. The goal of this conference is to bring together biomedical engineers, clinicians, research scientists, philosophers, lawyers, students and representatives from industry to 

Review of"  Biomedical Engineering Principles" , by AB Ritter, S. Reisman and BB Michniak
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 Review of " Biomedical Engineering Principles" , by AB Ritter, S.  Address: Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel Email: Amit Gefen* - 

Clinical Engineering: A Comprehensive Handbook for Clinical and Biomedical Engineers
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4. Product development procedures 5. Developing a design specification 6. Ideas generation and selection 7. Implementing Quality in Design 8. FMEA Risk analysis 2k factorials 9. House of quality design optimization 10. Design for manufacture 11. Design 

Recommending Concepts to Experts: An Exploration of Recommender Techniques for Collaborative Ontology Engineering Platforms in the Biomedical Domain.
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ABSTRACT Biomedical ontologies such as the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases and others are increasingly produced with the help of collaborative ontology engineering platforms that facilitate cooperation and coordination 

Biomedical, Artificial Intelligence and DNA Computing Photonics Applications and WebEngineering WILGA May 2012
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ABSTRACT This paper is the fifth part (out of five) of the research survey of WILGA Symposium work, May 2012 Edition, concerned with Biomedical, Artificial Intelligence and DNA Computing technologies. It presents a digest of chosen technical work results shown 

Chemical and Physical Properties of Polyimides: Biomedical and Engineering Applications
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The development of chemistry and solid matter physics lead to improved technologies in producing polymers and nanosized films such as vacuum deposition and solid state reactions. Over the past 20 years because of intensive research in chemistry and physics 

biomedical engineering application




Development of a novel type of microrobot for biomedical application
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ABSTRACT This paper proposes a new type of microrobot that can move along a narrow area such as blood vessels which has great potential for application in microsurgery. Also, the development of a wireless microrobot that can be manipulated inside a pipe by adjusting 

Phosphating treatment and corrosion properties of Mg–Mn–Zn alloy for biomedical application
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ABSTRACT A phosphating treatment was applied to Mg–Mn–Zn alloy in order to improve the corrosion resistance. Surface morphology and phase constitute were observed and identified by SEM, EDS, SAXS, XRD and XPS. SEM observation showed that a rough and 

Biomedical application of surface plasmon resonance biosensors (review)
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Over the last decade, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) becomes one of the major methods for the detection and investigation of affinity-based interactions in biochemistry, bioanalytical chemistry and biomedicine. The tremendous development of SPR use in biomedical 

Radiation formation of hydrogels for biomedical application
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ABSTRACT Hydrogels, ie materials consisting of a permanent, three-dimensional network of hydrophilic polymers and water filling the space between the polymer chains, have a number of biomedical applications, such as wound care products, dental and ophthalmic 

MedMiner: an Internet text-mining tool for biomedical information, with application to gene expression profiling
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ABSTRACT The trend toward high-throughput techniques in molecular biology and the explosion of online scientific data threaten to overwhelm the ability of researchers to take full advantage of available information. This problem is particularly severe in the rapidly 

Characterization of Cobalt-chromium-HAP Biomaterial for Biomedical Application
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ABSTRACT Cobalt implant composite (CIC) was produced by powder metallurgy technique. Composition of 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of hydroxyapatite was mixed with cobalt- chromium alloy. The fabrication technique consists of mixing, blending, pressing and 

Surface modification of nanodiamonds for biomedical application and analysis by infrared spectroscopy
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ABSTRACT Purpose: Diamond nanoparticles are gaining much interest in biomedical applications due to the attractive chemical and biological properties. Studies have shown the potential of these nanodiamonds(NDs) for bioimaging, drug delivery, and biosensing 

A biomedical application combining visible and thermal 3D imaging
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ABSTRACT This paper describes a non-invasive technology to allow early, accurate and quantitative detection of inflammation on the basis of the combination of visible 3D imaging technique and thermal imaging technique. In particular, the system is aimed at supporting 

Mssbauer spectroscopy: Application in biomedical research
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The results of the application of Mssbauer spectroscopy in biomedical research were briefly reviewed. The main directions of biomedical application and possibilities of Mssbauer spectroscopy to study the molecular nature of diseases were considered.

Wavelet analysis of transient biomedical signals and its application to detection of epileptiform activity in the EEG
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Wavelet-based signal analysis has evolved as a highly innovative strategy in applications where it is desirable to look at signals simultaneously in the time and frequency domains. Distinct types of wavelet transforms offer new perspectivesforawide range of signal 

CMOS instrumentation amplifier with offset cancellation circuitry for biomedical application
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ABSTRACT This paper presents the design and development of a CMOS Instrumentation Amplifier for biomedical application. This design manages to achieve 101dB gain, PSRR 102dB and 91dB CMRR. The final circuit consumes total of 0.318µWatts power at 1.8 V 

Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes and their biomedical Application
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The discovery of carbon nanotube (CNT) has become the subject of intense investigation because their remarkable behavior likes electrical, chemical, mechanical and structural properties . Carbon nanotubes based drug delivery has great promise for cancer 

HR TEM examinations of nanodiamond particles for biomedical application
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ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of the study is an analysis of a different type of nano-diamond powders on HR TEM (material characterisation, the normal distribution of grain size). These nano-powders were used in many biological researches and each of them had a special 

Application of ICA for automatic noise and interference cancellation in multisensorybiomedical signals
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ABSTRACT Independent Component Analysis (ICA) and related methods like Adaptive Factor Analysis (AFA) are promising novel approaches for elimination of artifacts and noise from biomedical signals, especially EEG/MEG data. However, most of the methods require 

Preparation of Biopolymer-Based Materials Using Ionic Liquids for the Biomedical Application
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Bio-based materials have garnered considerable interest recently as they can decrease dependency on fossil fuel. Biopolymers are naturally obtainable macromolecules including polysaccharides, polyphenols, polyesters, polyamides, and proteins, which play an 

Synthesis of hydroxyapatite nanostructure by hydrothermal condition for biomedical application
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ABSTRACT In this investigation, hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanostructure with uniform morphologies, controllable size, nano-dispersion and narrow-size distribution in diameter has been synthesized successfully by low-temperature hydrothermal process, and the as- 

Biomedical research and the application of mushroom nutriceuticals from Ganoderma lucidum
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ABSTRACT This paper focuses on the concept and mechanisms of how mushroom nutriceutical components from G. lucidum function, and why this fungus is important based on biomedical research and trials. Molecular structures of its major bioactive components 

An experiment in integrating large biomedical knowledge resources with RDF: Application to associating genotype and phenotype information
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ABSTRACT Bridging between genotype and phenotype is generally achieved through the integration of knowledge sources such as Entrez Gene (EG), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) and the Gene Ontology (GO). Traditionally, such integration implies 

A MEMS Vertical Fringe Comb Capacitive Pressure Sensor for Biomedical Application
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ABSTRACT This paper presents the design and implementation of a Micro Electromechanical Systems (MEMS) vertical fringe comb capacitive pressure sensor for biomedical application. MEMS sensors are widely used in biomedical application due to 

3D visualisation of the tooth caries–potential new area for biomedical application of MRI
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X-ray based visualization techniques were for many years the only way to asses structure and state of the human teeth. However, during last decade MRI has been used in the research of the healthy and decayed teeth. Several papers were presented showing 

Biomedical application of Mssbauer spectroscopy with high velocity resolution: preliminary results
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Application of Mssbauer spectroscopy with high velocity resolution in biomedical research demonstrated increase of this technique possibility to analyze small variations of the parameters, to study various samples from purified proteins to tissues with high quality 

On the Use of Radiation Technology for Nanoscale Engineering of Silver/Hydrogel Based Nanocomposites for Potential Biomedical Application
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ABSTRACT For nanoscience to become true nanotechnology, there is a need for breakthroughs in the engineering science of processing and manufacturing at the nanoscale. The radiation technology may offer a novel approaches to solving the 

CASE-BASED AND STREAM-BASED CLASSICATION IN BIOMEDICAL APPLICATION
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ABSTRACT Two major families of biomedical data exist in bioinformatics, namely case- based data which are historical record archival, and stream-based data which are dynamic signals usually collected from sensors or monitors. Traditional decision tree classification 

Mechanical reliability of silica optical fiber: a case study for a biomedical application
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ABSTRACT The mechanical reliability of optical fiber used in certain biomedical applications is extremely important because failure of the fiber during use might be fatal for the patient. Therefore, prediction of the lifetime of the fiber both in storage and during service is 

Fibroblast adhesion and proliferation on a new beta type Ti-39Nb-13Ta-4.6 Zr alloy forbiomedical application
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Cell attachment and spreading on Ti-based alloy surfaces is a major parameter in implant technology. Ti-39Nb-13Ta-4.6 Zr alloy is a new type Ti alloy developed for biomedical application. This alloy has low modulus and high strength, which indicates that it can be 

A workflow service for biomedical application
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A1: Find information about the cell line named x A2: Find all cell lines derived from a specific tumour or pathology A3: Find all Cell Lines producing a specific protein A4: Given a specific Cell Line, find all related bibliographic references A5: Given a specific Cell Line, find all 

Investigation of ferrofluids for biomedical application
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METHODS: For a better understanding of the colloidal and magnetic properties, an extensive characterization of the ferrofluids must be carried out. Three major points are discussed in this work: composition, size distribution, and first tests with human 

The management and integration of biomedical knowledge: application in the Health-e-Child Project (Position Paper)
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The Health-e-Child project aims to develop an integrated healthcare platform for European paediatrics. In order to achieve a comprehensive view of children's health, a complex integration of biomedical data, information, and knowledge is necessary. Ontologies will 

Ethical principles of biomedical research on human subjects: their application and limitations in Latin America and the Caribbean
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Biomedical research on human subjects involves certain ethical principles, several of which are described in this article. It is also true, however, that application of these principles in real life poses problems, especially in the case of international research conducted under 

Developing an application ontology for biomedical resource annotation and retrieval: challenges and lessons learned
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ABSTRACT The eagle-i project has been developing a semantic search portal for biomedical research resources. A unique feature of eagle-i is that the data collection and search tools are completely driven by ontologies. This has been a source of challenges and 

Exo+ proofreading polymerases mediate genetic analysis and its application in biomedicalstudies 1
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ABSTRACT Polymerases with a proofreading function in their internal 3 to 5 exonuclease possess high fidelity for DNA replication both in vivo and in vitro. The obstacle facing Exo+ polymerases for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection could be bypassed by 

Analyzing Tree-Like Structures in Biomedical Images Based on Texture and Branching: AnApplication to Breast Imaging
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We propose an approach for analyzing tree-like structures in biomedical images. Our analysis is based on Vector Quantization (VQ), an image compression technique. Here, we approach VQ from a different perspective: we use the histogram of the codeword usage as 

Stationary densities and parameter estimation for delayed stochastic logistic growth laws with application in biomedical studies
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ABSTRACT –The study of nonlinear stochastic delayed process is significant for understanding nature of complex system in reductionistic viewpoints. This paper investigates the stochastic linear and logistic (Verhulst, Gompertz and Richards) models, and simulates the growth 

Biomedical image sequence analysis with application to automatic quantitative assessment of facial paralysis
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Facial paralysis is a condition causing decreased movement on one side of the face. A quantitative, objective, and reliable assessment system would be an invaluable tool for clinicians treating patients with this condition. This paper presents an approach based on  <

Parallel Curriculum between Application and Fundamental Subjects with Rotational Experimental Project for Multidisciplinary Study Field of Biomedical 
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ABSTRACT Biomedical Engineering is a multidisciplinary study field spreading over between engineering and medicine. Special fields of biomedical engineering should be developed on the wide fundamental engineering base, which require a long distance of 

Surface Modification of Magnetite Nanoparticles with Doxorubicin and RGD Peptide and theirBiomedical Application
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ABSTRACT In the present study, superparamagnetic maltotrionic acid-coated magnetite nanoparticles (MAM) were surface modified with doxorubicin (DOX) and RGD peptide to improve their intracellular uptake, ability to target tumor cells and antitumer effect. RGD 

Porosity and cell culture investigation of hydroxyapatite component for biomedical application
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ABSTRACT –Hydroxyapatite is an active bioceramic that has chemical composition similar to that of bone. As it is, hydroxyapatite is commonly used as part of an artificial material for bone replacement product. This technical report focuses on the early investigation of 

Computing knowledge-based semantic similarity from the Web: An application to the biomedicaldomain
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ABSTRACT Computation of semantic similarity between concepts is a very common problem in many language related tasks and knowledge domains. In the biomedical field, several approaches have been developed to deal with this issue by exploiting the knowledge 

Development of a Low Intensity Magnetic Field Transducer for Biomedical Application based on the Giant Magnetoimpedance Effect
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ABSTRACT This manuscript presents the development of a low intensity magnetic field transducer, based on the Giant Magnetoimpedance (GMI) effect, to be used for biomedical applications. The GMI effect is a characteristic of some ferromagnetic materials, due to 

Monoclonal Antibodies: The Generation and Application of 'Tools of the Trade'WithinBiomedical Science
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Monoclonal antibodies serve as medical diagnostic and therapeutic reagents, as well as molecular probes to identify macromolecules and cells. In essence, monoclonal reagents have become 'tools of the trade'in many fields of biomedical science. So what makes a 

Biomedical Application of Fluxgate Sensors
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ABSTRACT We show that fluxgate sensors can be used instead of SQUIDs. to map the distribution of the ferromagnetic fumes and dusts in human lungs. Fluxgates are suitable also for other medical application such as position tracking and detection of markers.

Mg Alloys Development and Surface Modification for Biomedical Application
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The development of biodegradable implants has grown into one of the important areas in consumed or excreted in human body environment, and then disappear spontaneously 

biomedical implant



Tailoring of anodic surface layer properties on titanium and its implant alloys for biomedical purposes
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AbstrAct Purpose: Presentation of different anodizing methods used for formation of thin, thick, gel like covered and nanostructural titania and alloy component oxides. Evaluation of

Efficient Wireless Power Transfer for Biomedical Implant Application
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Abstract:High efficiency is vital for wireless powering link in biomedical implant application. This paper presents the analysis of the overall efficiency from the viewpoint of whole link and two important factors are elaborated. First, the choice of the optimal power carrier

AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR SOLID COBALT-BASE ALLOY COMPONENTS ANDBIOMEDICAL IMPLANT PROTOTYPES FABRICATED BY
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ABSTRACT The microstructures and mechanical behavior of simple, as-fabricated, solid geometries (with a density of 8.4 g/cm 3), as-fabricated and fabricated and annealed femoral (knee) prototypes all produced by additive manufacturing (AM) using electron beam

Design of a Differential Sensor Circuit for Biomedical Implant Applications
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Abstract: This paper presents a novel approach of an inductive sensor based on the basic principle of producing inductive changes in proportion to sea saw oscillations of a horizontal bar. The circuit is supported by resistances and capacitances meant for deriving a signal


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