detecting the cooperative black hole attack in MANET using AODV protocol
ENGINEERING RESEARCH PAPERS

black hole attack 2013

 

Performance Evaluation of MANET with Black Hole Attack Using Routing Protocols
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T Kaur, A Singh ,Performance Evaluation, 2013 ABSTRACT Mobile Ad hoc networks (MANET) are collection of wireless nodes that communicate with each other with the help of wireless links. MANET is vulnerable to different attacks due to its feature open medium, dynamic topology, no central authority   

Effect of Black Hole Attack on AODV, OLSR and ZRP Protocol in MANETs
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H Singh, M Singh ,International Journal, 2013 ,warse.org ABSTRACT MANET Routing protocols suffer from different kind of attacks on all the layers of its protocol stack. One of such attack which occurs at the network layer is Black Hole attack and the aim of this paper is to analyze the affect of Black Hole Attack under three different   

An Analysis for Black Hole Attack in AODV Protocol and Its Solution
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R Sharma, N Dahiya, D Upadhyay ,2013 ,ijcsmc.com Abstract—Security is an essential requirement in mobile ad hoc networks to provide protected communication between mobile nodes. MANETs are vulnerable to various attacks; black hole is one of the possible attacks. Black hole is a type of routing attack where a   

Detection and Mitigation Techniques of Black Hole Attack in MANET: An Overview
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S Jain, N Hemrajani ,International Journal, 2013 ,ijsr.net Abstract: As the increase of wireless networks, use of mobile phones, smart devices are gaining popularity so the adhoc network is also an uprising field. Each device in a MANET is free to move independently in any direction, linking to other devices frequently. Each must   

Detection of Black Hole Attack in MANET under AODV Routing Protocol
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VC Sharma, A Gupta, V Dimri ,International Journal, 2013 Abstract—An Ad hoc network is a collection of wireless mobile nodes dynamically forming a temporary network without the use of any existing network infrastructure or centralized administration. In Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANET), each mobile node acts as a host as   

Effects of Black Hole Attack on MANET Using Reactive and Proactive Protocols
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I Ullah, S Anwar ,2013 Abstract Wireless networks are gaining popularity to its peak in the present era and therefore appealing the users for wireless connectivity irrespective of their geographic position. There is an increasing threat of attacks on the Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANET). Black hole   

Effect of Black Hole Attack on MANET Routing Protocols
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J Kumar, M Kulkarni, D Gupta ,International Journal of Computer , 2013 Abstract—Due to the massive existing vulnerabilities in mobile ad-hoc networks, they may be insecure against attacks by the malicious nodes. In this paper we have analyzed the effects of Black hole attack on mobile ad hoc routing protocols. Mainly two protocols AODV   

Mitigate Black Hole Attack In Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) Protocol By Trapping
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K Mahamuni, C Chandrasekar ,2013 Abstract Ad hoc network maximize the total network throughput by using all available nodes for routing and forwarding. MANETs are highly vulnerable to attacks than wired networks due to the open medium, dynamically changing network topology, cooperative algorithms,   

Black hole attack in Manet
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P Kansal, N Prabhat, A Rathee ,International Journal, 2013 Abstract—The black hole attack in wireless Ad Hoc traffic between victim node and the malicious node then network is major issue that needs efficient solutions. In black hole attack more than one node can be malicious. Most of the time black hole attack occurs in   

Black hole attack in AODV routing protocol: A Review
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C Aghi, C Diwaker ,International Journal, 2013 Abstract: A Mobile Ad-Hoc Network is a self-configured collection of mobile nodes in which there is no need of predefined infrastructure. In this network nodes can arbitrarily change their geographic locations. MANET is more vulnerable to cyber attacks than wired   

Prevention of Black Hole Attack in Secure Routing Protocol
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M Gajera ,International Journal, 2013 ,ijsr.net Abstract: Mobile Adhoc Network (MANET) consists of a collection of mobile nodes which do not require intervention of any existing infrastructure or centralized access point such as base station. MANET routing protocol are responsible for communication between mobile   

Securing MANETs Routing Protocol under Black Hole Attack
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H Singh, M Singh ,ijircce.com Abstract: Wireless or mobile network is the new generation of wireless network that is different from the wired approach in many aspects like power and energy efficient routing protocols, routing configuration, network infrastructure. There are several protocols   

Effect of Black Hole Attack in AODV Protocol of Adhoc Wireless Networks
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K Budhiraja ,sites.ijrit.com Abstract Opposed to infrastructure wireless networks, where each user directly communicates with an access point or base station, a mobile ad hoc network, or MANET, does not rely on a fixed infrastructure for its operation. The network is an autonomous   

Cryptographic Approach to Overcome Black Hole Attack in MANETs
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MK SB, NKS Benni ,ijiet.com Abstract-MANETs (Mobile Ad hoc Networks) are De-Centralized wireless networks with Self- configuring mobile nodes. Due to the absence of trusted centralized authority or openness of network topology, these networks are susceptible to security threats. Black hole attack is   

The Effects of Black Hole Attack in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network using OLSR and AODV
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N Sultana, SS Saragdevot ,ijsei.com Abstract-Mobile Ad-Hoc network is an autonomous system, where nodes or stations are connected with each other through wireless links. To forward the data to the neighbors' nodes, a node can serve as a router. This kind of network is also known as infrastructure   

Detection of Black Hole Attack In MANET Using FBC Technique
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M Sengar, PP Singh, S Shiwani ,ijettcs.org Abstract: In the era of wireless networking system, mobilead-hoc network (MANET) are widely in acceptance. MANET consists of the mobile nodes that are free to move in and out in the network. In a MANET, nodes are the system or devices ie Mobile phones, laptops,   

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF DETECTION AND PREVENTION TECHNIQUES OF BLACK HOLE ATTACK IN AODV ROUTING PROTOCOL OF MANET
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KS Chavda, AV Nimavat ,ijfset.org Abstract—Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) are self organized networks whose nodes are free to move randomly while being able to communicate with each other without the help of an existing network infrastructure. MANETs are suitable for use in situations where any   

Generalized Black Hole Attack And Comparative Solution For MANET
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S Singh, AK Pandey, M Rani ,ijese.org Abstract—MANET is widely used by defense and civilians for wide range of application. There are various applications in wide range of communication. It's various routing technique makes it more flexible for various operations. Mobile Ad-Hoc network which   

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF AODV, OLSR and ZRP ROUTING PROTOCOLS UNDER THE BLACK HOLE ATTACK IN MANET
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H Kaur, M Bala, V Sahni ,ijareeie.com ABSTRACT: The wireless mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) is set of dissimilar types of mobile nodes. These nodes in MANET communicate with each other without any fixed infrastructure. Because of MANET's infrastructure network is unprotected from the attacks   

Simulation And Analysis Of Performance Parameters For Black Hole And Flooding Attack In MANET Using AODV Protocol
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S Jain, N Hemrajani, S Srivastava Abstract: As the increase of wireless networks, use of mobile phones, smart devices are gaining popularity so the adhoc network is also a uprising field. Each device in a MANET is free to move independently in any direction, linking to other devices frequently. Each must   

BLACK HOLE ATTACK AND ITS MITIGATION TECHNIQUES IN AODV AND OLSR
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A Joy, S Cherian Abstract-MANET is a self configurable, self deployable and infrastructure less network in which nodes are continuously moving and creates dynamic topology. For routing the main protocols using are AODV, OLSR, DSDV, DSR etc. AODV and DSR are reactive protocols,   

Detection and Prevention of Black Hole Attack in VANET
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S Dhingra, K Arora Abstract Vehicular Ad hoc Network is a technology having the art of integrating ad hoc network, wireless LAN and cellular technology to achieve intelligent Inter-Vehicle Communications also known as Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications and Roadside-to-   

Black Hole Attack in Manet's: A Review Study
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AA Gurjar, AA Dande ,irjcjournals.org ABSTRACT Black hole attack is one of the possible attacks in MANET. In black hole attack, a malicious node sends the route reply message to the source node in order to advertise itself for having the shortest path to the destination node. The malicious node reply will be   

Black Hole Attack Detection using Fuzzy Logic
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KN Sonal ,ijsr.net Abstract: MANET is a dynamic network with large number of mobile nodes. As the traffic increases over the manet it will leads to number of problems ie congestion and packet loss. This congestion and packet loss problems occurs due to the attack in manet. one of attack   

BLACK HOLE ATTACK DETECTION IN MOBILE AD-HOC NETWORK: ACase STUDY
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KTMVG Kasabegoudar ,e-ijaet.org ABSTRACT An ad hoc network is a collection of mobile nodes that dynamically form a temporary network and are infrastructure less. Black hole attack is an attack in network layer which degrades the network performance by dropping packets. This paper identifies black   

Analysis and Detection of Black Hole Attack in MANET
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S Saini, V Saroha ,ijsr.net Abstract: An Ad hoc network is the network with no fixed infrastructure. There is no central administrator so any node can come and move in and outside of the network in a dynamic manner. This makes it more dynamic and complex which makes it more prone to attacks.   

A Survey on Detection and Prevention of Black Hole Attack in AODV-based MANETs
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YP Singh, PK Singh, J Prakash ,ejournal.aessangli.in ABSTRACT: In mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), nodes usually cooperate and forward each other's packets in order to enable out of range communication. However, in hostile environments, some nodes may deny to do so, either for saving their own resources or for   

Secure Mobile Ad hoc Routing to Protect from Black hole Attack
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KS RAO, CHS BABU ,rspublication.com ABSTRACT: MANET is very much popular due to the fact that these networks are dynamic, infrastructure less and scalable. Providing security of communications in Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs) is one of the most significant fields for researchers. In order to provide   

A Secure Model For Prevention Of Black Hole Attack In Wireless Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
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Abstract:-Implementing Ad hoc networks are becoming very prevalent during recent years. Security is the most important issue for developing mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). They expose to various kinds of attacks because of their unique nature in which every node can   

Packet Monitor Scheme for Prevention of Black-hole Attack in Mobile Ad-hoc Network
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G Kaur¹, M Singh ,ijcsce.org Abstract: Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are extensively used in military and civilian applications. The dynamic topology of MANETs allows nodes to join and leave the network at any point of time. This generic characteristic of MANET has rendered it vulnerable to 

detecting the cooperative black hole attack in MANET using AODV protocol




Detection/removal of cooperative black and gray hole attack in mobile ad-hoc networks
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S Banerjee ,Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering , 2008  lack of centralized monitoring and management point, and lack of a clear line of defense) of the MANET make it  AND FUTURE WORK In this paper we have studied the work that attempt to detect black or  Prevention of cooperative black hole attack in wireless ad hoc networks.   

MANET Routing Protocols and Wormhole Attack against AODV
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RH Jhaveri, AD Patel, JD Parmar ,International Journal of , 2010 ,paper.ijcsns.org  Cooperative black hole attack is caused by many neighbor black holes cooperating each other.  techniques like LiteWorp, Localization and Network Visualization are also very useful in detecting wormhole attacks  Wormhole attack is a real threat against AODV protocol in MANET 

A distributed and cooperative black hole node detection and elimination mechanism for ad hoc networks
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C Yu, TK Wu, R Cheng, S Chang ,Emerging Technologies in Knowledge , 2007 ,Springer  A Distributed and Cooperative Black Hole Node Detection  We propose a new solution against the black hole attack problem for ad hoc networks. Our method works in a distributed manner, and all mobile nodes cooperate together to analyze and detect possible multiple black   

A Highly Secured Approach against Attacks in MANETS
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GS Mamatha, DSC Sharma ,International Journal of Computer Theory and , 2010  [2] Murali Kodialam TV Lakshman, Detecting Network Intrusions via  [14] Moumita Deb, A Cooperative Black hole Node Detection Mechanism for  819 [15] Payal N.Raj and Prashant B. swadas, DPRAODV: A Dynamic learning system against blackhole attack in AODV based 

Prevention of selective black hole attacks on mobile ad hoc networks through intrusion detection systems
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MY Su ,Computer Communications, 2011  attack colluded by two malicious nodes, is referred to as a cooperative black hole attack, as shown  IDS node: executes ABM (Anti-Blackhole Mechanism) to detect black hole nodes, and issues a  In the event of an attack occurrence, the malicious node turns to perform BAODV 

A mechanism for detection of gray hole attack in mobile Ad Hoc networks
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 While this scheme completely eliminates the black hole attack by a single attacker, it fails miserably in identifying a cooperative black hole attack involving multiple malicious nodes. Page 2. III.  This attack is more difficult to detect than the black hole attack where the malicious   

Comparison between Various Black Hole Detection Techniques in MANET
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A Saini, H Kumar ,National Conference on Computational , 2010  Detecting Blackhole Attack on AODV-based Mobile Ad Hoc Networks by Dynamic  Latha Tamilselvan, Dr. V Sankaranarayanan, Prevention of Blackhole Attack in MANET  AusWireless Hesiri Weerasinghe, Preventing Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in Mobile   

Preventing AODV Routing Protocol from Black Hole Attack
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L Himral, V Vig, N Chand ,Lalit Himral et al./International Journal of , 2011  AlemZhao Hheng Xaun from Tainjin 300222, China 2010, IEEE [4] An Adaptive Approach to Detecting Black Hole Attacks in Ad Hoc Network 2010 24th IEEE International Conference Weerasinghe.H. Preventing Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in Mobile Ad Hoc   

A Cooperative Black hole Node Detection Mechanism for ADHOC Networks
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M Deb ,Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering , 2008  REFERENCES [1] CE Perkins,EM Royer,SR Das, Adhoc On-Demand Distance Vector(ADHOC) Routing Internet Draft, draft-ietf-manet-aodv-08.txt, 2001.  Detecting Blackhole Attack on AODV-based  [7] Prevention of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Wireless Ad Hoc 

A Mechanism for Detection of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
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Cooperative Black Hole Attack The blackhole attack has two phases.  This makes it difficult for other nodes to detect the malicious node. In this work, however, a defense mechanism has been proposed against a cooperative blackhole attack in a MANET that relies on AODV 

Avoiding black hole and cooperative black hole attacks in wireless ad hoc networks
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A Baadache, A Belmehdi ,arXiv preprint arXiv:1002.1681, 2010  H. Nakayama, N. Kato, A. Jamalipour, and Y. Nemoto, Detecting blackhole attack  Raj and PB Swadas, DPRAODV: A dyanamic learning system against blackhole attack in aodv  H. Weerasinghe and H. Fu, Preventing cooperative black hole attacks in mobile ad hoc networks 

A survey of black hole attacks in wireless mobile ad hoc networks
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FH Tseng, LD Chou, HC Chao ,Human-centric Computing and , 2011 ,Springer  If there is one suspicious node, the detect node initiates the local detection phase  the collaborative suspicious hole nodes and discover the secure routing path to prevent cooperative black hole attacks. The public key infrastructure (PKI) is difficult to utilize in MANET due to the   

Simulation Study Of Blackhole Attack in the Mobile Ad hoc Networks
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S Sharma, R Gupta, MTS Reader, R SOIT ,Executive , 2008 ,internetworks.my Latha Tamilselvan, Dr.V Sankaranarayanan, Prevention of Blackhole Attack in MANET.  Prevention of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks.  Detecting Blackhole Attack on AODV based Mobile Ad-hoc networks by Dynamic Learning Method.   

Guard against cooperative black hole attack in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network
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HP Singh, S Sharma ,Harsh Pratap Singh et al./International Journal of , 2011  One of the typical routing protocols for MANET is called Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector  [7] Hesiri Weerasinghe and Huirong fu, Member of IEEE, Preventing Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in Mobile   B. Sun, Y. Guan, J. Chen and UW Pooch,  Detecting black- hole   

A New Combination Approach To Secure MANETS Against Attacks
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GS Mamatha, DSC Sharma ,International Journal of WirelessMobile , 2010  approach with a 2ACK scheme, which is a network-layer technique to detect misbehaving links  A Cooperative Black hole Node Detection Mechanism for ADHOC Networks [23]. DPRAODV: A Dynamic learning system against black hole attack in aodv based Manet [24], Shared   

A Robust Approach to Detect and Prevent Network Layer Attacks in MANETS
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GS Mamatha, SC Sharma ,International Journal of Computer , 2010 ,174.142.16.66  343-348, 2008 [5] Moumita Deb,A Cooperative Black hole Node Detection Mechanism for  Networking and Computing, 2002 [10] Murali Kodialam, TV Lakshman.Detecting Network Intrusions  Swadas.DPRAODV: A Dynamic Learning System Against Blackhole Attack in AODV 

A Distributed and Cooperative Algorithm for the Detection and Elimination of Multiple Black Hole Nodes in Ad Hoc Networks
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CW Yu, WU Tung-Kuang, RH Cheng ,IEICE transactions on , 2009 ,search.ieice.org  manner, and all mobile nodes cooperate together to analyze and detect possible multiple  M. Sreekantaradhya, J. Dixon, and K. Nygard, Prevention of cooperative black hole attack in wireless  and V. Sankaranarayanan, Prevention of co- operative black hole attack in MANET   

An Analysis of Collaborative Attacks on Mobile Ad hoc etworks
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CH Vu, A Soneye ,2009 ,netlearning2002.org  Attacks caused by these internal misbehaving nodes are difficult to detect, for example, selfish attack in which the  are created by series of false identities, imitations, or impersonation of nodes in a MANET, and these  There exist three proportions of launching a Sybil attack [7]:   

A review of black hole attack on AODV routing in manet
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E Ochola, M Eloff ,2011 ,icsa.cs.up.ac.za  Nakayama, Nei Kato, Abbas Jamalipour, and Yoshiaki Nemoto, Detecting Black hole  Dr.V. Sankaranarayanan, Prevention of co-operative black hole attack in MANET  Ashfaq Khokhar, An Acknowledgment-Based Scheme to Defend Against Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in

Security Measures for Black Hole Attack in MANET: An Approach
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R Das, BS Purkayastha, P Das ,arXiv preprint arXiv:1206.3764, 2012 IETF MANET Working Group AODV Draft aodv-08.txt, Dec 2002.  Prevention of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Wireless  Detecting Blackhole Attack on AODV based Mobile Ad-hoc networks by Dynamic Learning Method. 

Detection and Prevention of Single and Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
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P Subathra, S Sivagurunathan ,International Journal of , 2010 ,igi-global.com  Hence these techniques are not effective in detecting cooperative black hole nodes.  Here each and every node has to maintain a trust level for all other nodes in the MANET which would consume much  Moreover this scheme does not address the cooperative black hole attack.   

Routing Protocols Security in Ah Hoc Networks
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E Mohammed, L Dargin ,Oakland University School of Computer Science and ,Citeseer  This can lead to impersonation and information disclosure ? Wireless MANET nodes are inherently  to solve security issues of the black hole, Dos, and detecting and reporting  Fu, M. Sreekantaradhya, J. Dixon, K. Nygard Prevention of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Wireless   

A Trust Model for Secure and QoS Routing in MANETS
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SG Shilpa, MNR Sunitha, BB Amberker ,Intl. J. of Innovative Technology , 2011  9) A Cooperative Black hole Node Detection Mechanism for ADHOC Networks [10]. 10) Rushing Attack Prevention (RAP) [11] for rushing attacks.  There are only fewer works on detecting and defending against internal attacks in the field of MANET's routing protocol. 

DoS Attacks in MANETs: Detection and Countermeasures
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 as AODV, each RREQ initiated by a node results in n broadcasts in the MANET, where n is the number of nodes in the MANET.  Countermeasures: To detect power drain DoS attacks,(Bu, Norden, & Woo, nd) propose Archi- tecture for Wireless Attack Resistance (AWARE). 

Securing reactive routing protocols in MANETs using PKI (PKI-DSR)
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B Kadri, M Feham, A M'hamed ,Security and Communication , 2009  We have also proved the possibility of detecting attackers using the mechanisms of digital signature  other attacks as blackmail attack, replay, or insertion as well as impersonate attacks in which  this paper, we have tried to treat the aspect of security of MANET's routing protocols   

Enhanced AODV Protocol in Manet due to Black hole Attacks
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M Radha, NS Shaik ,International Journal of Engineering, 2012 ,ijert.org  Hidehisa Nakayama, Nei Kato, Abbas Jamalipour, and Yoshiaki Nemoto, Detecting Black hole  Heng Cheng, and Shun Chao Chang,A Distributed and Cooperative Black Hole Node Detection  Swadas, DPRAODV: A dynamic learning system against black hole attack in AODV   

Effect of Black Hole Active Attack on Reactive Routing Protocol AODV in MANET usingNetwork Simulator
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A Patel, S Patel, S Dubey, A Lala ,International Journal of Electronics  HELLO messages are used for detecting and monitoring links to neighbors. Figure 3 (a) AODV Route Discovery  DPRAODV: A Dyanamic Learning System Against Blackhole Attack In Bodv Based Manet. In  A Distributed and Cooperative Black Hole Node Detection and 

Detecting Sequence Number Collector Problem in Black Hole Attacks in AODV Based Mobile Adhoc Networks
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A Nayyar ,International Journal of Advanced Research in , 2012 ,ijarcet.org  provide fast message verification and group identification, identify multiple black holes cooperating with each other and to discover the safe routing avoiding cooperative black hole attack. Xiao Yang Zhang et al.[8] proposed a method to detect black hole attack in MANET.   

Proposing a Method to Detect Black Hole Attacks in AODV Routing Protocol
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M Medadian, K Fardad ,European , 2012 ,europeanjournalofscientificresearch.  Proposing a Method to Detect Black Hole Attacks in AODV Routing Protoco  of attack, the black hole, which can easily be deployed against the MANET, is described.  received through the proposed method is better than that in AODV in presence of cooperative black hole attack.   

Securing and Preventing AODV Routing Protocol from Black Hole Attack using Counter Algorithm
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S Tamilarasan ,International Journal of Engineering, 2012 ,ijert.org  The key advantage of this approach is that it can detect the attack at low cost without introducing extra routing traffic  However, this solution cannot prevent cooperative black hole attacks on MANETs.  The solution, which is proposed to prevent the black hole attacks in the MANET.   

PREVENTIVE ASPECT OF BLACK HOLE ATTACK IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORK
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R Tripathi, S Tripathi ,International Journal, 1963 ,archives-ijaet.org  Hidehisa Nakayama, Nei Kato, Abbas Jamalipour, and Yoshiaki Nemoto, Detecting Black hole  Heng Cheng, and Shun Chao Chang,A Distributed and Cooperative Black Hole Node Detection  Swadas, DPRAODV: A dynamic learning system against black hole attack in AODV   

Intrusion Detection Systems for Trust based Routing in Ad-Hoc Networks
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D Patel, Y Patel  This is called cooperative black hole attack. 1) Neighborhood-based and Routing Recovery Sun B, Guan Y, Chen J, Detecting Black-hole Attack in Mobile Ad Hoc  [13] Ekta Kamboj,Harshil Rohil, Detection of Black Hole Attack on AODV in MANET using Fuzzy Logic   

Reliable Protection Scheme against Cooperative Black Hole Attack in MANET
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P Tripathi, MS Sisodia, S Sharma ,ijcns.uacee.org  Also, this solution cannot prevent cooperative black hole attacks on MANETs.  Marti et al [6] have proposed a Watchdog and Pathrater approach against black hole attack which is implemented on top of  The Watchdog module cannot detect misbehaving nodes in the presence of   

A Mechanism for RecognitionEradication of Gray Hole Attack using AODV routing protocol in MANET
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OV Chandure, VT Gaikwad  Sreekantaradhya,John Dixon, and Kendall Nygard, Prevention of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks.  Dropping Attack in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks," in 2008.  568- 572. S. Usha, S. Radha, "Co-operative Approach to Detect Misbehaving Nodes in   

SIMULATION OF SECURE AODV IN GRAY HOLE ATTACK FOR MOBILE AD-HOC NETWORK
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OV Chandure, AP Bakshi, SP Tidke, PM Lokhande ,1963 ,archives-ijaet.org  of gray hole or malicious node is very efficient for detecting & preventing  on the network, with the use of different routing protocols available in MANET.  Fu, Manohar Sreekantaradhya,John Dixon, and Kendall Nygard, Prevention of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Wireless Ad   

Prevention of Black Hole Attack in MANET
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An Adaptive Approach to Detecting Black Hole  M. Sreekantaradhya, J. Dixon, and K. Nygard, Prevention of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Wireless  [12] L. Tamilselvan, V. Sankaranarayanan: "Prevention of Black Hole Attack in MANET 

Detection and prevention of Routing Attacks in MANET using AODV
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M Patel, SK Sharma ,International Journal of Advanced Research in , 2012 ,ijarcsee.org  Heng, Cheng, and Shun Chao Chang, A Distributed and Cooperative Black Hole Node Detection  Nakayama, Nei Kato, Abbas Jamalipour, and Yoshiaki Nemoto, Detecting Blackhole Attack  Vuppala2, Prasenjit Choudhury, A Simulation Analysis of Flooding Attack in MANET 

Black Hole Attack Detection and Performance Improvement in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network
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SA Arunmozhi, Y Venkataramani ,Information Security Journal: A , 2012 ,TaylorFrancis  RREQ) packet combined with reliable end to end acknowledgement to detect false route  two possible solutions for the detection of black hole attack in MANETs.  Preventing cooperative black hole attacks in mobile ad-hoc networks: Simulation implementation and evaluation.   

A Trusted Vector method for Black hole attack prevention on MANET
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SP Khan, V Gupta ,ijcsmr.org  1, No. 22. [9] M. Deb A Cooperative Black hole Node Detection Mechanism  [10] S. Kurosawa1, H. Nakayama1, N. Kato, A. Jamalipour, and Y. Nemoto Detecting Black hole  2007. [11] SK Shandilya, S. Sahu, A Trust Based Security Scheme for RREQ Flooding Attack in MANET   

Black Hole Effect Analysis and Prevention through IDS in MANET Environment
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K Maheshwar, D Singh ,scholarsresearchlibrary.com  Watchdog and Pathrater [4] use observation- based techniques to detect misbehaving nodes, and  for detection of malicious packet dropping nodes in a MANET [8]. The  Sen, Sripad Koilakonda, Arijit Ukil, A Mechanism for Detection of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Mobile   

COOPERATIVE BLACK HOLE NODE DETECTION BY MODIFYING AODV
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K Munjal, S Verma, A Bakshi ,ijmra.us  2012 1 INRTODUCTION A Mobile Ad hoc network (MANET) is a self-configuring network that does not require any pre-  In the proposed scheme, a mechanism for detecting as well as defending against a cooperative  August 2012 Fig 4.4 Cooperative Black Hole Attack Detection 

Performance of AODV and DSR in Presence of Malicious Nodes in Mobile Ad-hoc network
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V Sharma, A Baghel ,sciacademypublisher.com  D. ? Route Maintenance is the mechanism by which node S is able to detect, while using  Cooperative black hole attack is caused by many neighbor black holes cooperating each other.  The paper [2], has proposed an attack detection and defense mechanism by using both the   

A Review of Performance Evaluation of AODV Protocol in Manet With and Without Black HoleAttack
free download

A Patel, S Patel, A Verma ,Terrain ,ijetae.com  HELLO messages are used for detecting and monitoring links to neighbors.  Guard against cooperative black hole attack in mobile  3 No. 5 May 2011. [5 ] Monika Roopak , Dr Bvr Reddy Performance Analysis of AODV Protocol under Black Hole Attack International Journal of   

Securing AODV Routing Protocol from Black Hole Attack
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S Tamilarasan ,ijcst.org  method can be used to find the secured routes and prevent the black hole nodes in the MANET.  The key advantage of this approach is that it can detect the attack at low cost without introducing  However, this solution cannot prevent cooperative black hole attacks on MANETs.   

A Review on Black Hole Attack in MANETs
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 Detecting Black-hole Attack in Mobile  Yu, Wu TK, Cheng RH, Shun chao chang, A Distributed and Cooperative Black Hole Node Detection  W, Bhargava B, Linderman M, Defending against Collaborative Packet Drop Attacks on MANETs. 

Preventive Aspect of Black Hole Attack in Mobile AD HOC Network
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K Roshan, V Bibhu ,International Journal of Computer Network and , 2012  Prevention of blackhole attack in MANET.  Prevention of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Wireless  Detecting Blackhole Attack on AODV – based Mobile Ad Hoc Networks by Dynamic Learning Method in International Journal of Network Security, Vol.5, No.3, pp.338-346, Nov   

Indicators for Detecting Sinkhole Attack in MANET
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SR Jathe, DM Dakhane ,ijetae.com Hesiri Weerasinghe, Preventing Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in Mobile Ad  [11] Sukla Banerjee , Detection/Removal of Cooperative Black and Gray Hole Attack in Mobile Ad  [12] V. Madhu Viswanatham and AA Chari, An Approach for Detecting Attacks in Mobile Adhoc   

Study Of Blackhole Attack In MANET
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AT Bhole, PN Patil  of attacks, MANET network becomes the vulnerable for the poor performance treats of used routing  did the changes in the DSR path building mechanism to detect the black  the proposed method cannot be applied to identifying a cooperative black hole attack involving multiple   

A New Protocol for Detecting Black Hole Nodes in Ad Hoc Networks
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A New Protocol for Detecting Black Hole  eavesdropping to obtain some confidential information that should be kept confidential during the communication, and attacks against routing  The more trusted nodes in the route the more priority of using it to send data through [8]. Both   

Two Tier Secure AODV against Black Hole Attack in MANETs
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M Umaparvathi, DK Varughese ,European , 2012 ,europeanjournalofscientificresearch.  Implementing a New Manet Unicast Routing Protocol in NS2.  Fu, Manohar Sreekantaradhya, John Dixon, and Kendall Nygard, Prevention of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Wireless  Detecting Blackhole Attack on AODV-based Mobile Ad Hoc Networks by Dynamic Learning   

BHAPSC: A New Black Hole Attack Prevention System in Clustered MANET
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They are first to propose solution for cooperative black hole attack.  a feasible solution for it on the top of AODV protocol to avoid the black hole attack, and also  1. Jiwen CAI, Ping YI, Jialin CHEN, Zhiyang WANG, Ning LIU,An Adaptive Approach to Detecting Black and Gray 

Performance Evaluation of AODV based on black hole attack in ad hoc network
free download

Watchdog and Pathrater [10] use observation-based techniques to detect misbehaving nodes, and  by a single attacker, it fails completely in identifying a cooperative black hole attack involving multiple  b) Black hole attack caused by RREP The attacker unicasts the faked RREP 

A survey on Selfishness and Countermeasure in MANET
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P Patel, R Soni ,International Journal of Advanced Research in , 2012 ,ijarcsee.org  Hidehisa Nakayama, Nei Kato, Abbas Jamalipour, and Yoshiaki Nemoto, Detecting Blackhole Attack  40, Issue: 10, 2002 [42] Hesiri Weerasinghe, Preventing Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in Mobile Ad  Sharma and Sunil Kumar Effect of Power Avaricious Attack on MANET 

Secure Video Transmission Against Black Hole Attack in MANETs
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M Umaparvathi, DK Varughese ,International Journal of Business , 2011 ,igi-global.com  The method of detecting the Black hole nodes based on the sequence number in the proposed SBAODV and  Thus, the effect of black hole nodes is reduced throughout the MANET.  (BAOMDV), SBAODV and SBAOMDV under the presence of black hole attack were evaluated   

Prevention and Detection of Black Hole Attack in AODV based Mobile Ad-hoc Networks-A Review
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NP John, A Thomas ,ijsrp.org  IDAD yes no Multiple balck hole Cannot detect new types of attacks Merkle tree no no Co- operative balck hole  Preventing black hole attack in mobile ad-hoc networks using anomaly detection.  Avoiding black hole and cooperative black hole attacks in wireless ad hoc networks.   

Black Hole Attack in Wireless Adhoc Networks
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ES Kaur, ETP Singh ,2012 ,jctjournals.com  Also, this solution cannot prevent cooperative black hole attacks on MANETs  The Watchdog module cannot detect misbehaving nodes in the presence of ambiguous collisions, receiver collisions, limited transmission power, directional  To analyze the Blackhole attack in MANETS   

Analysis of Blackhole attacks on AODV Routing Protocol in MANET
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L Raja, SS Baboo ,ijcset.net  Raja Mahmood, RA; Khan, AI; , "A survey on detecting black hole attack  K. Thilagam5, Modified AODV Protocol against Blackhole Attacks in MANET, International Journal  ao Min; Zhou Jiliu, "Cooperative Black Hole Attack Prevention for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks", Information   

Securing AODV Protocol against BlackholeAttacks
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RJ Nagar, KS Patel  to identify multipleblack hole nodes working collaboratively as a group toinitiate cooperative black hole attacks.  Detecting Blackhole Attackon AODV-based Mobile Ad Hoc Networks by Dynamic  and Kendall Nygard, Prevention of Cooperative BlackHole Attack in Wireless Ad   

Migrating Packet Dropping in Adhoc Network Based on Modified ACK-based Scheme UsingFSA
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S Tiwari, A Jain, GS Chowhan ,researchtrend.net  currently developed by the IETF Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANET) working group  and X. Lin, RADAR: a ReputAtion-based scheme for Detecting Anomalous nodes  A. Khokhar, An Acknowledgment- Based Scheme to Defend against Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in Optimized 

Different types of attacks in Mobile ADHOC Network
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A Bhattacharyya, A Banerjee, D Bose, HN Saha ,arXiv preprint arXiv: , 2011  2.1.2 Cooperative Black-Hole Attack [1][2][3  (iii) Reputation based scheme [22]: Here individual nodes collectively detect misbehaving nodes  This attack can effectively be done on those distributed protocols that establish a good and bad node list based on review of participating   

Reputation-Based Security Protocol for MANETs
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M Mujeeb, KN Sudhakar, J Mungara ,ijitee.org  and periodically broadcast hello message to its neighbors in order to detect possible link  Cooperative Approach To Improve Detection And Removal Of Misbehaving MANET Nodes", COMSWARE  [8] S. Ramaswamy et al., "Prevention of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Wireless   

Defense Against Selfishness and Countermeasure
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MP Patel, MR Soni ,ijcitb.com  highly suffer from cooperative black hole in terms of throughput and packet losses.  [7] F. Nait-Abdesselam, "Detecting and avoiding  14] Alokparna Bandyopadhyay1, Satyanarayana Vuppala, Prasenjit Choudhury, A Simulation Analysis of Flooding Attack in MANET using NS-   

STUDY OF DIFFERENT ATTACKS IN MANET WITH ITS DETECTIONMITIGATION SCHEMES
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HN Saha, D Bhattacharyya, PK Banerjee Songbai Lu,Lingyan Jia,Kwok-Yan Lam,Longxuan Li, SAODV: A MANET Routing Protocol  W. Fan, W. Lee, and PS Yu, Cross-Feature Analysis for Detecting Ad-Hoc  Sen,Sripad Koilakonda,Arijit Ukil, "A Mechanism for Detection of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Mobile   

A Reliable Data Transmission Approach to Prevent Black Hole Attack in MANET
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K Selvavinayaki, E Karthikeyan ,ijcst.org  that MAOMDV protocol with secret sharing scheme performs better in detecting and preventing  EA Mary Anita and V. Vasudevan, Black Hole attack Prevention in  [3] Hesiri Weerasinghe and Huirong Fu, Member of IEEE, Preventing Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in Mobile   

Risk Mitigation of Black Hole Attack for Aodv Routing Protocol
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V Patidar, R Verma ,iosrjournals.org  2004 [4] Abdurrahman Baadache, Ali Belmehdi,Avoiding Black hole and Cooperative Black hole Attacks in Wireless  1, 2010 [5] S. Kurosawa et al., Detecting Blackhole Attack on AODV  Tamilselvan, V. Sankaranarayanan, Prevention of Co-operative Black Hole Attack in MANET   

Intrusion Detection Systems for the Availability Attacks in Ad-Hoc Networks
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N Shah, S Valiveti  find the collaborative suspicious hole nodes and discover the secure routing path to prevent cooperative black hole attacks.  system-full-report [12] Sun B, Guan Y, Chen J, Detecting Black-hole Attack in  [18] Ekta Kamboj,Harshil Rohil, Detection of Black Hole Attack on AODV   

A Literature Survey of Black Hole Attack on AODV Routing Protocol
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C Garg, P Sharma, P Rewagad ,2012 ,ijaece.com  [9] Sun B, Guan Y, Chen J, Pooch UW ,  Detecting Black-hole  Chang Wu Yu, Wu TK, Cheng RH, Shun chao chang, A Distributed and Cooperative Black Hole Node Detection  [13] Raj PN, Swadas PB, DPRAODV: A Dynamic Learning System against Blackhole Attack in AODV   

Using Merkle Tree to Mitigate Cooperative Black-hole Attack in Wireless Mesh Networks
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S Om, M Talib ,International Journal, 2011 ,thesai.info  [8] F. Nait-Abdesselam, B. Bensaou, T. Taleb, Detecting and avoiding  New Jersey, USA: Prentice Hall, 2003 [13] L. Tamilselvan, V. Sankarnarayanan, Prevention of blackhole attack in MANET, Int  14] H. Weerasinghe, H. Fu, Preventing cooperative black hole attacks in mobile   

Comparative study of Attacks on AODV-based Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
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I De, DB Roy ,International Journal, 2011  solution can be applied to 1.) Identify black hole nodes in a MANET; and 2  Its Applications (IJNSA), Vol 1, No 1, April 2009 [5] Prevention of Cooperative Black Hole Attack in Wireless  IACC 258 North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105,2010 [6] Detecting Blackhole Attack   

Design and Development of ACK-Based Scheme Using FSA for Ad-hoc Networks
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MS Jaafar, HK Sawant ,ijmer.com  Ack-Based scheme for node authentication with AODV existing protocol in MANET.  and X. Lin, RADAR: a ReputAtion-based scheme for Detecting Anomalous nodes  Khokhar, An Acknowledgment- Based Scheme to Defend against Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in Optimized   

Security against Active Attacks in Wireless Mesh Networks
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S Singh, I Kaur ,International Journal, 2012  The cooperative black hole attack and the prevention mechanism have been studied in (Ramaswamy et al., 2003  In this paper we have presented a feasible solution to detect 2 types  explore how different trust models perform against different attacks and combinations of attack.   

ACK BASED SCHEME FOR PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT OF AD-HOC NETWORK
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MS Jaafar, HK Sawant ,International Journal, 1963 ,archives-ijaet.org  currently developed by the IETF Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANET) working group  and X. Lin, RADAR: a ReputAtion-based scheme for Detecting Anomalous nodes  A. Khokhar, An Acknowledgment- Based Scheme to Defend against Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in Optimized 

A Study Comparison Between On-Demand Routing Protocols in MANET
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R Gargi ,International Journal of Research in Computer , 2012 ,ijrcee.org  AODV uses hello messages as a supplement for detecting link failure.  LL Cluster Based Routing Protocol (CBRP) , IETF MANET Working Group, Internet- Draft, August 1999.  [26] Avoiding Black Hole and Cooperative Black Hole Attacks in Wireless Ad hoc Networks? 

BAAP: Blackhole attack avoidance protocol for wireless network
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 therefore field of these nodes are always zero ie Legitimacy Ratio=0) of the node in the network whereas middle threshold level is used to detect the grayhole  [4] L. Tamilselvan, and V. Sankaranarayanan, Prevention of cooperative black hole attack in manet, Journal of  [BOOK] 

Digital Information Processing and Communications: International Conference, ICDIPC 2011, Ostrava, Czech Republic, July 7-9, 2011. Proceedings
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 Pimentel, Raúl Monroy, and V´ictor Fernando Ramos Fon Bon Cooperative Black-Hole Attack: A Threat  and Salwani Mohd Daud Real-Time Monitoring Environment to Detect Damaged Buildings  484 Cheah Wai Shiang and Edwin Mit Personal Recognition Using Multi-angles 

A Defense System on DDOS Attacks in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
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X Yu ,2007 ,etd.auburn.edu  It assumes a strong restriction on any secure modification on the objective MANET infrastructure. The security strategy does not  2.4.1 DoS Attack Detection To detect an attack in progressing as early as possible is prerequisite to any prevention strategy. 



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