RESEARCH PAPERS

braingate engineering research papers




Linking the Past and Future of Voice and Gesture Recognition
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 He reviews the Build Your Own Bag, BrainGate and the driver assistance program developed at the National Information and Communications Technology Australia.  The story follows a chip, called BrainGate, which serves as a controller for a quadriplegic man. 

BRAINWORK
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 In a 2002 Nature paper, Donoghue's group reported that two rhesus monkeys plugged into an early version of BrainGate success- fully controlled robotic devices and played computer games with thoughts alone.  BrainGate is not the first demonstration that 

USING ANIMALS IN MEDICAL TESTING: THE NECESSARY YET ETHICALLY CONTROVERSIAL ISSUE
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 technology. Recently, strides have been made in prosthetics by attaching a special kind of chip, known as the BrainGate system, to the motor cortex of the brain of a monkey.  OTHER PROSTHETIC DEVICES: BRAINGATE In 

SMARTE PROSTHETICS
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 trials. Last year, a quadriplegic BrainGate trial participant demonstrated direct control of various external devices including a computer cursor and a prosthetic hand, along with rudimentary control of a multi-joint robotic arm. 

Implanting hope
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 Surgenor envisions using Braingate to allow patients to use thought to control wheelchairs out tted with arti cial arms and hands, to close the blinds in a sunny room, and like tasks.  Nagle himself says that Braingate, at least in its current form, is only marginally helpful.

BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACES FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS
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 This system was controlled using the recorded signals in the Fig. 2. Dummy image of BrainGate presented at an exhibition [27]  103 Fig. 3. Image of electrodes array [28] among the patients who volunteered for using the BrainGate system. 

Decoding 3d hand movement from EEG: A replication of the work by Bradberry et al.
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S Janssen  11 2.3.2 Braingate, implanted electrodes in humans  11 Page 12. 2.3.2 Braingate, implanted electrodes in humans Hochberg et al. [19] investigated the amount of control their braingate system had when used by a 25-year old male tetraplegia patient (MN). 

ICT implants in the human body: a review
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 A US-based company called Cyberkinetics, specialized in neurotechnologies wiring computers to human brain, has received Food and Drug Administration approval in April 2004 for a clinical trial of the BrainGate™ Neural Interface System.  How does the BrainGate™ work? 

A Step Toward the Practical Application of Thought Field Energy
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RJ Plotke, TJ Klouzal ,interchangelab.com  They are developing and applying the BrainGate Neural Interface System that, while it is an invasive brain-connected system, demonstrates that humans can learn how to alter their neurological responses to influence an external device. 4 Page 6. 6 

Rise of the Cyborgs
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 Merging man and machine The spectacular successes of brain implants in primates has paved the way for new human trials, including one at Brown University, where neuroscientist John Donoghue is moving ahead with BrainGate, a minuscule array of tiny, spikelike electrodes   Other studies focus on the BrainGate, a remarkable technology that shows promise as an upper-limb prosthetic control system and as a means of enabling patients with paralysis to accomplish various tasks-such as con- trolling a computer cursor-solely through their thoughts 

Brain–computer interface
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AL Benton, D Bohm, A Damsio, P Gage, N Geschwind ,truequedigital.phunik.com  Brain–computer interface 4 Page 5. Dummy unit illustrating the design of a BrainGate interface  The company markets its electrode arrays under the BrainGate product name and has set the development of practical BCIs for humans as its major goal. 

Physiology in Press
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 Products in clinical trials that are in commercial development by Cyberkinetics are discussed in this review. LRH is a principal investigator in the BrainGate IDE clinical trials described in this article. He  The BrainGate neural 

Brain computer interface
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 hand using a BCI in 2005 as part of the nine-month human trail of cyber kinetics Neurotechnology's Braingate chip-implant. Implanted in Nagle's right precentral gyrus(area of the motor cortex for arm movement), the 96 electrode Braingate implant 

Becoming Constructs in Cyberspace–Version 2.0 of the Afterlife
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CJ Kovacs ,inter-disciplinary.net  However transhumanism is not merely about cochlea implants allowing the deaf to hear again, or the mind- machine interfaces currently developed by organisations such as the 'Braingate research team.2 The braingate team have made direct brain and machine interaction 

BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN MAN AND MACHINE: THE FUTURE OF ELECTRICAL SENSING TECHNOLOGIES
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P Monroe, S Songer ,136.142.82.187  TENTH ANNUAL FRESHMAN CONFERENCE 2 FROM PAST TO PRESENT: THE RESEARCH HISTORY OF BRAINGATE AND MOTORLAB  One of the biggest achievements of the field today is BrainGate?s creation of an entirely brain-controlled computer mouse [13]. 

Brain-Machine Interfaces for Motor Control: A Guide for Neuroscience Clinicians
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 via a 4D robotic arm (3D movement plus a gripper), while able to chew and look around, controlled by more than 100 single unit recordings.79 In 2006, human trials began with Donoghue's group implanting four paralyzed individuals with 96-electrode 'Braingate' arrays, who 

SMART PROSTHETICS: TEACHING THE BODY WITH TECHNOLOGY
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 This article discusses the cochlear implant, retinal implant, functional electrical stimulation devices and the cortical implant known as BrainGate.  Donoghue's experimental system, called BrainGate, records brain activity in the motor cortex and uses that electrical 


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