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dentistry research papers



Platform switching: a new concept in implant dentistry for controlling postrestorative crestal bone levels
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Histologic and radiographic observations suggest that a biologic dimension of hard and soft tissues exists around dental implants and extends apically from the implant-abutment interface. Radiographic evidence of the development of the biologic dimension can be

Artistic and scientific principles applied to esthetic dentistry
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An organized and systematic approach is required to evaluate, diagnose, and resolve esthetic problems predictably. Tooth color is obviously essential in the final result, but esthetic treatment planning should never be devised around shading improvements alone

Esthetic color training in dentistry
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This book/CD-ROM helps users master the art of color selection to achieve the best esthetic results in dental procedures, such as those related to cosmetic dentistry, restorative dentistry, and prosthodontics. It covers everyday dental techniques that require the dentist

Platelet-rich plasma: a promising innovation in dentistry
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A bstract The goal of periodontal therapy is to protect and maintain the patient's natural dentition for his or her lifetime. More specifically, after periodontal regenerative surgery, the aim is to achieve complete wound healing and regeneration of the periodontal unit. A

An update on local anesthetics in dentistry
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A bstract Local anesthetics are the most commonly used drugs in dentistry. This article provides a brief update on the pharmacology, adverse effects and clinical applications of

Zirconia in dentistry: Part 1. Discovering the nature of an upcoming bioceramic.
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Abstract Advanced ceramic materials such as zirconia have great potential as substitutes for traditional materials in many biomedical applications. Since the end of the 1990s, the form of partially stabilized zirconia has been promoted as suitable for dental use due to its

Computer technology applications in surgical implant dentistry: a systematic review
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Purpose: To assess the literature on accuracy and clinical performance of computer technology applications in surgical implant dentistry. Materials and Methods: Electronic and manual literature searches were conducted to collect information about (1) the accuracy

The continuum of restorative materials in pediatric dentistry-a review for the clinician
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Abstract Many choices are available to the practitioner of restorative dentistry for children. With the introduction of several new classes of restorative materials in recent years, some confusion has been created about what these materials are, making it difficult to identij~

Parental attitudes toward behavior management techniques used in pediatric dentistry
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Abstract Previous studies evaluating parents" attitudes toward behavior management techniques used in pediatric dentistry suggest that parental attitudes are generally negative. The purpose of this study was to reexamine this issue by comparing the effect of prior

Glass ionomer cements in pediatric dentistry: review of the literature
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Abstract Glass ionomer cement systems have become important dental restorative and luting materials for use in preschoolers, children and teenagers. These materials form chemical bonds to tooth structure, are biocompatible, release fluoride ions for uptake by

Integrating esthetic dentistry and space closure in patients with missing maxillary lateral incisors
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Treatment plans for patients with missing max illary lateral incisors have traditionally included either space closure or space reopen ing. 1-9 The most common objections to orthodon tic space closure are that the treatment outcome may not look natural, that

Parental acceptance of pediatric dentistry behavior management techniques
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Abstract The purpose of this study was to assess the attitudes of parents toward behavior management echniques employed in pediatric dentistry. Sixty-seven parents viewed videotaped segments of actual treatment of threeto five-year-old children with whom the

Zirconia in dentistry: part 2. Evidence-based clinical breakthrough
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Abstract An ideal all-ceramic restoration that conforms well and demonstrates enhanced biocompatibility, strength, fit, and esthetics has always been desirable in clinical dentistry. However, the inherent brittleness, low flexural strength, and fracture toughness of

Lack of cooperation in pediatric dentistry-the role of child personality characteristics
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Abstract Purpose: This study aimed to investigate fear, temperament, behavioral symptoms and verbal intelligence in a study group of uncooperative child dental patients, partly in comparison with a reference group of ordinary child dental patients. A second aim was to

Nanotechnology in dentistry
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ABSTRACT Nanotechnology is manipulating matter at nanometer level and the application of the same to medicine is called nanomedicine. Nanotechnology holds promise for advanced diagnostics,targeted drug delivery, and biosensors. In the long term, medical

Closing the gap between oral hygiene and minimally invasive dentistry: a review on the resin infiltration technique of incipient (proximal) enamel lesions
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Dental caries on (proximal) tooth surfaces is still a problem in many industrialized countries. The objectives of this review were to present the scientific basis and the principles of the resin infiltration concept, to discuss the inherent clinical applications, and to describe how

Expanding child behavior management technology in pediatric dentistry: a behavioral science perspective
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Abstract Changing attitudes on the part of dentists and parents alike have resulted in increasing interest by dentists to develop additional child behavior management techniques. Collaborative research between dentists and behavioral psychologists has been

A survey of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry membership: nitrous oxide and sedation
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Abstract Issues concerning the use of nitrous oxide (N20) and sedative agents by pediatric dentists in relation to recent changes in sedation guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) are relatively

Evaluation of behavior management technology dissemination in pediatric dentistry
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Abstract A su rvey of the behavior nanagement practices of pediatric dentistry diplomates was conducted. One hundred sixty respondents reported the frequency of use of 15 different management practices. Results show preference for traditional management practices,

Efficacy of a computerized local anesthesia device hi pediatric dentistry
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Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effi'cacy of a computerized anesthesia delivery sysum in reducing pain during injections when campan d with a traditional delivery systemí'ie, syringe). Methods: Subjects consisted of5/patients between

Indications and limitations of Er: YAG laser applications in dentistry
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ABSTRACT: Purpose: To describe the development, indications, and limitations of Er: YAG lasers in the dental field. Methods: A review based on the literature search in PubMed and completed by other documents was performed. Results: Based on the synthesis of the

Effects of changing US parenting styles on dental practice: Perceptions of diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry
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Abstract Purpose: This study surveyed board-certified pediatric dentists on their opinions about changes in US parenting styles and the effects on the practice of pediatric dentistry. Methods: A questionnaire was developed, piloted,

Three-dimensional cone beam computerized tomography in dentistry
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Background Figure 1. Images taken with CBCT technology are easy to understand and accurately represent the patient's craniofacial structures.(Note: The CB MercuRay [Hitachi

Laser in paediatric dentistry: patient acceptance of hard and soft tissue therapy
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ABSTRACT. Aim This study aimed to evaluate the laser therapy efficacy in paediatric dentistry, considering the subjective tolerance and acceptance of therapy in children needing both dental and soft tissue treatments. Methods A group of 50 patients from 6 to

Temperament as a predictor of behavior for conscious sedation in dentistry
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Abstract Temperament can be defined as the behavioral style of a child or the manner in which a child interacts with the environment. Nine temperament categories have been identified: activity level, biological rhythmicity, initial approach/withdrawal, adaptability,

Progress regarding the use of stannous fluoride in clinical dentistry
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Stannous uoride (SnF2) has been used in dentistry since the 1950s as a chemical adjunct to prevent dental caries. However, its popularity has been limited by its instability in aqueous solutions causing reduced shelf life and activity of products. These unfavorable reactions

Safety issues relating to the use of hydrogen peroxide in dentistry
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Abstract Hydrogen peroxide is used widely in professionally and self-administered products. Hydrogen peroxide is a highly reactive substance which can damage oral soft tissues and hard tissues when present in high concentrations and with exposures of prolonged

Use of phytotherapy in dentistry
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Over the past decade, interest in drugs derived from medicinal plants has markedly increased. This study was aimed at a literature review focusing on studies investigating herbal drugs and other natural products, as well as their therapeutic application, side

The use of resin cements in restorative dentistry to overcome retention problems
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A survey of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry membership: infant oral health care
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Abstract The AAPD has long held that preventive oral health care instituted during the first year of life results in longterm enhanced oral health status. A 33-item questionnaire addressing membership attitudes regarding infant oral health care was mailed to 1500

CAD/CAM dental systems in implant dentistry: update
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Journal section: Oral Surgery Publication

The SAC classification in implant dentistry
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The rapid development of clinical techniques and biomaterials in implant dentistry has led to an expansion in the clinical indications for this modality of treatment. Implant dentistry now forms an integral part of everyday dental practice. However, education in implant dentistry

Nanotechnology-the era of molecular Dentistry
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Abstract Dentistry has seen many era of revolution in past, making it more reliable and comfortable for the patients. It is undergoing yet another change in helping mankind, this time with the help of nanotechnology combined with Nonomaterial's, Biotechnology and

Microbiological risk factors in dentistry. Current status of knowledge
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Abstract: Dentists belong to a professional group potentially exposed to harmful biological factors which most often are infectious microorganisms, less frequentlyallergenic or toxic microorganisms. The fundamental routes of spreading harmful microorganisms in a dental

The relationship between jaw posture and muscular strength in sports dentistry: a reappraisal
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ABSTRACT: From the late 1970s until the early 1990s, there have been several reports of improved appendage muscle strength and athletic performance. Much of the criticism of using a mouthguard alone or in conjunction with a splint, such as a mandibular orthopedic

Aloe vera gel: Update for dentistry
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Angiogenesis is the growth of new blood capillaries and is a part of tissue regeneration. A 1993 study showed that topical application of aloe vera gel re-established vascularity of burn tissue for a guinea pig, although no specific constituents were identified. 19 Two

Waterborne biofilms and dentistry: the changing face of infection control
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A bstract Interest in and concern about the biofilms that occur in dental equipment and waterlines have been increasing in recent years. Dental unit waterlines are ideal environments for the growth of microorganisms entering dental units from the municipal

Minimal intervention dentistry: part 1. Strategies for addressing the new caries challenge in older patients
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PRACTICE Minimal Intervention Dentistry: Part 1. Minimal intervention dentistry (MID), a modern evidence-based approach to caries management in dentate patients, uses the medical model, whereby disease is controlled by the oral physician and an affiliated dental team.

Ozone and its usage in general medicine and dentistry. A review article
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Abstract: Ozone, an allotropic form of oxygen, is successfully used in the treatment of different diseases for more than a hundred years. It is highly valued for various effects, such as antimicrobial, antihypoxic, analgesic, immunostimulating etc. on biological systems.

Facial analysis: a comprehensive approach to treatment planning in aesthetic dentistry
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Patient aesthetic expectations and smile enhancement can be achieved through the use of facial analysis. This process allows each member of the restorative team (ie, clinician, specialist, dental technician) to diagnose the patient and develop a comprehensive

Section III. Orofacial growth and dentistry
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In the late 1960's and early 1970's, the period when primary bone grafting and maxillary orthopedics were in vogue, an objective of much neonatal clinical treatment for cleft lip/palate was to" make things anatomically correct." That is, the goal was to align An understanding of laser effects on dental structures would be difficult without first briefly describing dental hard and soft tissues. The outer surface of the tooth to a point just beneath the free margin of the gingiva (in the absence of the periodontal pathosis) is covered by enamel (Fig. 1).

Fibre-reinforced composites in restorative dentistry
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Abstract: Restorative dentistry is constantly evolving as a result of innovative treatment solutions based on new materials, treatment techniques and technologies, with composite materials being a prime example. The advent of fibre reinforcement has further increased

Diagnostic provisional restorations in restorative dentistry: the blueprint for success
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Materials and Methods Many materials and techniques can be used when fabricating provisional restorations. It is beyond the scope of this article to discuss these material and procedures. The technique generally followed by the authors is the indirect technique that

Occupational hazards of dentistry
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Abstract: Dental professionals are susceptible to a number of occupational hazards. Relying on relevant literature, the present paper discusses selected occupational hazards- occupational biohazards, stressful situations, and latex hypersensitivity, as well as factors

Ceramics in dentistry part I: classes of materials
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Fig. 1 96 inside dentistry| October 2009| insidedentistry. net in Practice MATEriALS dentistry. synthetic forms of aluminosilicate glasses are also manufactured for dental ceramics. the authors could not find any documented references which showed that naturally occurring

Impact of opioid use on dentistry
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Abstract The oral consequences of opioid drug use are commonly attributed to personal neglect of general health and financial constraint. These factors are compounded by the increasingly recognized range of physical effects exerted by opioid drugs. The dental

Trends in indirect dentistry: 6. Provisional restorations, more than just a temporary
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Abstract: The provision of well-fitting, functional provisional restorations is important fora wide variety of reasons, including maintenance of the stability of inter-and intra-arch relationships and positional stability of prepared teeth, and the preservation of occlusal

Neurological complications of local anaesthetics in dentistry
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Abstract: Neurological complications following the administration of a local anaesthetic can be alarming. By reading reports of such incidents, dentists who find themselves in similar situations will be able to reassure their patients and act accordingly. The authors have

Is dentistry a profession Part 3. Future challenges
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A bstract In 2 earlier articles a definition of professionalism was developed, and several specific professional responsibilities were deduced. This third and final article in the series examines whether dentistry qualifies as a profession. On various levels, the

Infection control practices among dental professionals in Shiraz Dentistry School, Iran
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Background: To assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice among Iranian dental healthcare professionals towards standard isolation precautions in Shiraz, Iran. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey which was conducted on 152 Iranian dental

Versatility of an 810 nm diode laser in dentistry: an overview
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Abstract: The breakthrough for dental laser systems came in the mid 1990's. Among the various laser types with corresponding wavelengths, diode laser systems quickly began establishing themselves as compact, competitively priced and versatile additions to the

Minimal intervention dentistry: part 2. Strategies for addressing restorative challenges in older patients
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intervention minimale (DIM) propose

Magnification in dentistry
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The closer you get to an object, the larger it appears to your eye. However, the closer you get to an object, the more difficult it is to focus, especially for older eyes. Single-lens loupes help you get closer to an object and focus your eyes on it. So-called 5 single-lens loupes

The concept of minimally invasive dentistry
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Abstract: This paper reviews Minimally Invasive Dentistry (MID) from a day-to-day dentistry perspective, focusing mostly on cariology and restorative dentistry, even though it embraces many aspects of dentistry. The concept of MID supports a systematic respect for the

Amorphous calcium phosphate and its application in dentistry
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Abstract Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (ACP) is an essential mineral phase formed in mineralized tissues and the first commercial product as artificial hydroxyapatite. ACP is unique among all forms of calcium phosphates in that it lacks long-range, periodic atomic

Lip prints: An overview in forensic dentistry
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Abstract: Introduction: Establishing a person's identity can be a very difficult process. Dental, fingerprint and DNA comparisons are probably the most common techniques used in this context. However there are many well-known implanted methods of human identification,

The Science of Communicating the Art of Esthetic Dentistry. Part 11: Diagnostic Provisional Restorations
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ABSTRACT Provisional restorations fulfill many functions in restorative dentistry. Quality provisional restorations can provide the clinician, the patient, and the laboratory technician much valuable information prior to fabrication of the definitive restoration. Such diagnostic

Persuasive evidence that formocresol use in pediatric dentistry is safe
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Concern has been expressed about the safety of formocresol use in pediatric dentistry. Formaldehyde, a primary component in formocresol, is a hazardous substance and is con- sidered a probable human carcinogen by Health Canada. However, humans inhale and ingest


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