RESEARCH PAPERS

green energy research papers




Biofuels and implications for agricultural water use: blue impacts of green energy
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ABSTRACT Rising energy prices, geopolitics and concerns over the impact of greenhouse gas emissions on climate change are increasing the demand for biofuel production. At present biofuel production is estimated at 35 billion liters, accounting only for a small part (, 2%) of 

Control on green energy source and ecologic environment.
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ABSTRACT –The development and utilization of control strategies are closely linked with progress and requirement of society. All sorts of renewable green energy sources and ecologic environment construction become more and more paid attention to, as fossil 

Green Energy Study For British Columbia, Phase 2: Mainland
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY British Columbia provides many opportunities for small hydro development. Projects in the Inventory range in size from 500 kW to about 47 MW and they are located in most geographical regions of the province. Because of differing terrain, 

Understanding the green energy consumer
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ABSTRACT A threefold increase in crude oil prices over the last five years, growing concern about climate change, and public policies promoting renewable energy have begun to cause a fundamental transformation of the housing industry. In this phase of discontinuous 

Green energy-anaerobic digestion
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ABSTRACT The issue of waste management has moved a centre stage, both in the public perceptions and in terms of national regulations. 200 years ago when we first started to burn our waste as a means of disposal, there was not the understanding that we have today of 

On the price and volume effects from green certificates in the energy market
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 gas emissions. They propose instruments that directly or indirectly stimulates and foster the expansion of renewable or so called green energy. In this paper we refer  This creates a market for the green energy certificates. The green producers harvest an additional certificate 

Big green energy machines
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The World Wide Web, honored by the first Millennium Technology Prize, reminds us, that to become larger systems must become smaller. The Web and Internet more generally are triumphs of scalability and economies of scale. If every computer still occupied the 

Green mobile access network with dynamic base station energy saving
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 considered. and the references therein are dedicated for WLAN systems with green energy powered APs for optional cover- age extension, which is different with our scenario for stan- dard BSs under low traffic condition. The 

Second generation of CAES technology-performance, operations, economics, renewable load management, green energy
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ABSTRACT Compressed air energy storage (CAES) plants are designed to store inexpensive off-peak energy and return energy to the grid during higher priced on-peak time periods. This paper presents an attractive second generation CAES technology that has attractive 

Solid waste landfills as a source of green energy: Case study of Al Akeeder landfill
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ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to estimate the amount of methane emitted from Al Akeeder landfill which is the second largest landfill in Jordan. To achieve that Gas-Sim model was used in predicting the amount of methane emissions. It was found that the 

Coping with variability in model-based systems engineering: an experience in green energy
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Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) is an emerging engineering discipline whose driving motivation is to provide support throughout the entire system life cycle. MBSE not only addresses the engineering of software systems but also their interplay with physical 

Practice theory and the green energy consumer
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ABSTRACT Much consumer oriented environmental policy has targeted energy consumption in homes. It may be questioned, however, to what extent and in which ways the individual consumer is the right target of such a policy. Recent practice theory from , 

Agriculture: a source of green energy
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Renewable or green energy and agriculture can be a winning combination, and could provide significant rural economic development opportunities in many countries. Technically, agriculture biomass energy produced from plants and organic wastes can 

Highly Efficient Solutions for Smart and Bulk Power Transmission of Green Energy
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ABSTRACT The electric power supply is essential for the survival of a society, like the blood in the body. Lack of power brings about devastating consequences for daily life. However, deregulation and privatization are posing new challenges to the transmission systems. 

Green Energy and Technology: Issues and Challenges
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 Green Energy and Technology: Issues and Challenges Background National Policy on Green Technology TNB Initiatives/Contribution in Supporting Green Energy and Technology IssuesChallenges Conclusion CONTENT Page 3. -2- 

Germany's key to green energy
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Following Germany's lead, more than three dozen nations, from Spain to Indonesia, have adopted some variation of the policy, known as a feed-in tariff. In the US, six states and Congress are weighing similar bills.We've had two great exports from Germany: 

Green Energy Invites Investment
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In early 2006, investors' optimism in the sector took a dive when the law's electricity-pricing implementing regulation (the Interim Measures on the Management of Renewable Energy Electricity Generation Pricing and Cost Sharing) failed to include an expected generous 

The Challenge for Green Energy: How to Store Excess Electricity
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Why are we ignoring things we know? We know that the sun doesn't always shine and that the wind doesn't always blow. So wrote former US Energy Secretary James Schlesinger and Robert L. Hirsch last spring in the Washington Post, suggesting that because these 

Green Energy in the UK
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Electricity generation 23 Consumption 26 Drivers of renewable energy in the UK 29 The UK's renewable market is driven by EU obligations 29 Falling levels of CO2 emissions 29 The Renewables Obligation program 30 Role of Low Carbon Transport Plan 30 FIT 

A Future Micro-grid Implementation based on Renewable Distributed Resources for a CleanGreen Energy Production
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Algae-Biofuel: Potential Use as Sustainable Alternative Green Energy
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ABSTRACT The scarceness of fossil based fuels and the environmental impact produced by the conventional sources of energy over the planet, has led new research work to seek the sustainable sources of clean energy. Biofuels, is committed to becoming a worldwide 

Green jobs and the clean energy economy
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 This policy certainty attracts progressive companies who believe they can profit from the coming green energy revolution and encourage the development of manufacturing and research facilities. Where progressive en- Page 6. 

Agent-Based Homeostatic Control for Green Energy in the Smart Grid
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ABSTRACT With dwindling non-renewable energy reserves and the adverse effects of climate change, the development of the smart electricity grid is seen as key to solving global energy security issues and to reducing carbon emissions. In this respect, there is a 

Sizing a High Speed PM Generator for Green Energy Applications
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This paper presents a step bu step sizing procedure of High, Speed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators (HSPMSGs) for green energy applications to be driuen by microtiirbines. The final design offers significant reductions in both tueight and uolume in a 

Renewable energy price-stability benefits in utility green power programs
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 that the fixed-rate product allows the company to reduce overall energy costs.8 AMD was one of the first companies in Austin to purchase green power through the Austin Energy Program and has continued to subscribe to subsequent batches of green energy offered since the 

Green Jobs and the Clean Energy Economy
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 This policy certainty attracts progressive companies who believe they can profit from the coming green energy revolution and encourage the development of manufacturing and research facilities. Where progressive en- Page 6. 

Marketing Green Energy
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The Great Paradox of China: Green Energy and Black Skies
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China is on its way to becoming the world's largest producer of renewable energy, yet it remains one of the most polluted countries on earth. A year after the Beijing Olympics, economic and political forces are combining to make China simultaneously a leader in 

A green-cloud network scenario: Towards energy efficient cloud computing
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 In such a case, the spoke node may switch over grid power for running other services if it is required. However, GSN services are powered entirely by green energy. The VMs are used to run user applications, particularly heavy- computing services. 

Green energy policy–the great wind rush
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Bridgewater. It concluded that to allow such structures along the coastline would set an unacceptable precedent. The passionate objectors to the scheme breathed a sigh of relief, 

Discovering green energy portal. moisil. ro
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ABSTRACT We have started from a pedagogical research concerning the opportunity of the introduction of studying the photo devices like photovoltaic cells, photo resistors, photodiodes, phototransistors, etc, in the Romanian Curriculum for Physics in high school. 

Political liberalisation and" Green innovation" at the Danish energy scene
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 ABSTRACT Since 1976 a Green energy cluster consisting of renewable energy technologies such as wind power, solar energy and biomass technologies, and energy conservation technologies has developed in Denmark. The 

Green Databases Through Integration of Renewable Energy
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There is a new opportunity to reduce the brown energy usage: renewable energy (green energy) has been used to at least partially power computer systems. The key challenge of exploiting green energy sources is that they are variable and intermittent. 

Towards the development of green energy saving mechanisms
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Geothermal energy is the natural heat that exists within the earth and that can be absorbed by fluids occurring within, or introduced into the crystal rocks. Although, geographically, this energy has local concentrations, its distribution globally is widespread. The amount of 

Energy Perspective: Is Hydroelectricity Green?
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 Resources in Technology Introduction The current worldwide concern over energy is primarily related to imported oil, oil drilling and refining capacity, and transportation capacity. However, this concern has bolstered interest in a broader range of green energy technologies. 

Supporting Solar Energy Development through Green Power Market
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The environmental attributes of the solar system output are a component of Sterling Planet's 100% green energy blend, which also includes attributes from geothermal, small hydro, biomass, and wind projects. Sterling 

Governments, markets, and green growth: Energy systems transformation for sustainable prosperity
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 But the very different nature of this transformation, and the very large investments it will require, behooves the participants-private and public sector alike-to proactively identify the economic possibilities that may emerge from green energy. 

The value of environmental management and green product design within sustainable development and competitive strategies of the companies: An
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 have reached its peak and will no longer be able to meet demand (EEG- The Renewable Energy it is required to shift towards green product design and green energy sources such 

A Deeply Green City Confronts Its Energy Needs and Nuclear Worries
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 Page 2. A Deeply Green City Confronts Its Energy Needs and Nuclear Worries

Green performance indicators for energy aware IT systems: Survey and assessment
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 ITEE = Total server capacity + total storage capacity + total NW equipment capacity/Rated power of IT equipment Green Energy Coefficient (GEC): This metric is meant to persuade oper- ators to use renewable energy . This metric replaces grid electricity with  green energy. 

Comments on the USTR investigation of China's Subsidies to Green Industries and their impacts on US Producers of Clean Energy Products and other Green
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 Trade and Jobs The data reviewed in this analysis are based on a broad definition of the green energy industries threatened by China's subsidies and other unfair trade practices in this sector, as discussed in The Petition. An 

The Value of Energy Performance and Green Attributes in Buildings: A Review of Existing Literature and Recommendations for Future Research
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 b The Northwest Multiple Listing Service provides information on sales of homes with Build Green, ENERGY STAR or LEED for Homes certification; The Regional Multiple Listing Service allows brokers to list homes as Earth Advantage or a co-branded combination of Earth 

Trading landfill gas: Kick-starting green gas-to-energy
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 Moreover, the economically challenged waste management industry has certainly much to gain! Keywords: Landfill Gas Utilisation, Climate Change, Renewable Green Energy, Carbon Credits, Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), NEPAD, Landfill Emissions, EIA process. 

Green Lighting: Wireless Lighting Systems Integration for Significant Energy Savings
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 Additionally, of the Physical Plant- Campus Service of UC Berkeley for supporting green energy projects and providing their retrofitting and consulting services. I would also like to thank my loving wife, Val, for 

RE: Comments on Bill 150, the Proposed Green Energy Act EBR Registry Number 010-6017
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proposing sweeping new legislation" , under proposed Bill150, the Green Energy Act (GEA). If passed, the GEA would" help the government ensure Ontario's green economic future by 

A Case for Green Energy Manufacturing
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Investing in green energy research and in policies that tackle climate change and reduce our dependence on dirty foreign oil can lead the US to renewed economic success. This rare opportunity to reinvigorate manufacturing by building demand for products and 

THE USE OF BY-PRODUCT OF GREEN ENERGY IN AGRO-ECOSYSTEM
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ABSTRACT The green development is in the focus of environmental protection, which has outstanding importance for agriculture as well. One of the most important expectations regarding the green agriculture is the minimization of industrial chemicals applications, 

Development of Model Solar Kitchen with Green Energy for Demonstration and Application in Rural Areas
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ABSTRACT The paper demonstrates how effectively hoteliers and corporate can architect and utilize both solar thermal and green gas energy for the production of zero carbon foot print food products. It involves the usage of shefflers, solar parabolic reflectors, solar ovens, 

Energy and Green Growth: Recasting the Options, Re-envisioning Sustainability
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 The G-20 countries hold 66 percent of the world's population, produce 90 percent of global GDP, and emit nearly 80 percent of global greenhouse gases. 1 As such, these countries constitute the global leadership for green energy. 

Unlikely (But Perfect) Partners in the Fight for the Green Energy and Fair Trade Economy
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A priority for the United Steelworkers the last several years has been its work with the Sierra Club as part of the Blue Green Alliance. By working with our unconventional allies, we impacted the most important general election in any of our lifetimes. Now, smart 

PEI Small Green Energy Sales Tax Exemption
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Description PST exemption for renewable energy technology purchased in PEI. Renewable (solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, methane recapture) Wind: whole unit is exempt of PST Utility-sized equipment–towers and foundations pay PST. Blades and turbines exempt 

Green energy
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In fact, almost every child growing up between the 1970s and 1990s can probably still sing that catchy MILO jingle–'it's marvellous what MILO can for you.'MILO, a household name in South Africa, originated in Australia where it was developed by industrial chemist and

Microbubbles Keep Green Energy Blooming
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the world faces a shortage of fossil fuels; at the same time, efforts are being made to reduce carbon dioxide (Co2) emissions. production of biofuels from certain kinds 

LESSONS TO BE LEARNT FROM GREEN ENERGY FRAUD IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
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Especially, wind power, geothermal power, small-scale hydropower, solar energy, biomass power fall under such a category. Both governments and private investors are spending billions to subsidize green energy projects. Generally, the green energy sector is flush 

Green Energy and Sustainable BIREATH Approach for building and urban design
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Biomass normally not properly used [eg in Rural China 2/3 of straws are now completely disused and most of them burned in the field causing outdoor air pollution.], plant biomass to be gasified for Co-generation;[Note–animal wastes to be better used for generating 

Green Energy Exhibits
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ABSTRACT Conventional solar inverter manufacturers' products are expensive and inflexible to site-and load-specific battery charging regimes. Both these limitations are overcome to provide a benefit in both cost and performance using a conventional uninterruptible power 

CYBER SMART GRID SYSTEMS OF THE FUTURE: INTEGRATION OF RENEWABLE ANDGREEN ENERGY SOURCES
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ABSTRACT The mission of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) is to ensure the reliability of the bulk power system in North America. NERC develops and enforces reliability standards for control centers to monitor the bulk power system, and to 

Will Green Energy Save Oil?
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Despite any arguments or real world facts to the contrary, the official argument stands that low carbon alternative and renewable energy sources and systems save oil and gas. European Commission and German REAP (Renewable Energy Action Plan) position 

Economizing the Environment: A Critical Analysis of the Economic Returns on Green EnergyInvestments
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The recent events associated with the failure of the oil platform in the Gulf of Mexico expose the potential negative consequences of our search to access the ever diminishing sources of non-renewable energy. As ultraviolet indexes rise 1 and natural disasters occur more 

GREEN ENERGY OPTIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: Policy, Financing and Strategies for Green Energy
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This report will document a growing trend of businesses, governments, individuals, and communities working together to integrate green energy strategies into a plan for sustainable local economic development. Three questions regarding this trend are 

Clean and green energy technologies: Sustainable development and environment
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The move towards a de-carbonised world, driven partly by climate science and partly by the business opportunities it offers, will need the promotion of environmentally friendly alternatives, if an acceptable stabilisation level of atmospheric carbon dioxide is to be 

The seeds of green energy
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Plant oils represent one of the most energy-rich sources of renewable fuels available in Nature. Most of these oils occur in the form of triacylglycerols (TAGs) that can be transformed into biodiesel by conversion of their acyl chains into fatty acid methyl esters. In 2009, 14 

Differentiation of Sugarcane Cultivars for Green Energy Using Microscopy and Tissue Culture
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ABSTRACT As mankind has become increasingly dependent on fossil fuel, a finite resource, significant progress has been made in developing favorable alternative methods of energy production. Sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) is, because of its competitiveness, a potential 

Private Sector Consumer Credits to Equalize Green Energy Cost
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ABSTRACT In many studies (1) consumers overwhelmingly prefer renewable energy. However, even with a certain willingness to pay, the leading deterrent is the higher price accompanying such a selection. One way to equalize the cost of green energy with  

Green Energy–Shortcut to Energy Independency or Cul-de-sack?
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ABSTRACT In the paper some of the problems accompanying transition from the classical power sources towards renewables as well as some of the publicly widely accepted persuasions of questionable credibility are being discussed. It is shown that the footprint of 

: 010-6516 Ministry: Ministry of the Environment Title: Proposed Ministry of the Environment Regulations to Implement the Green Energy and Green Economy
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Please receive this as an official comment on the above mentioned document. When I first learned about the unpleasant experiences of some small town and rural residents, as a result of the proximity of industrial wind turbines, I was shocked. I was also taken back by 

Linking Lean to Green–Energy Efficiency as a Value Stream
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ABSTRACT Over the past few decades, lean management philosophies have penetrated various sectors of industry. At same time, dynamic environmental, or green, management is needed to succeed in the current green conscious market. Some research has already 

APPLYING THE CHARACTERISTCS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP TO PLATFORM FORMATION IN SETTING UP A GREEN ENERGY DATA CENTER: A CASE
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ABSTRACT This paper aims to clarify conditions of entrepreneurship in platform formation to ensure the success of a regional project in Japan. This research focuses on a data center project which aims to promote a data center in Hokkaido, Japan, as a case study. This 

Green Energy Financing in Bangladesh1
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Increasing the use of renewable energy is seen by many as a solution to the manifold problems for developing countries like Bangladesh. Though the initial cost of solar energy is pretty high (approximately USD 200 minimum, where as income of many rural household 

A Green Energy Industry Takes Root in California
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In recent months, the industry has added several thousand jobs in the production of solar energy cells and installation of solar panels on roofs. A spate of investment has also aimed at making solar power more efficient and less costly than natural gas and coal.

Green energy clusters and socio-technical transitions: analysis of a sustainable energy cluster for regional economic development in Central Massachusetts, USA
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ABSTRACT As the societal benefits associated with transitioning to more sustainable, less fossil fuel-reliant energy systems are increasingly recognized by communities throughout the world, the potential of creating 'green jobs' within a 'green economy'is attracting much 

GREEN ENERGY-ABSOLUTE MEANS OF LIVING ON EARTH
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ABSTRACT With the migration of people towards cities at an alarming rate, green vegetation is being destroyed mercilessly. But is has now been realized that revival of vegetation and optimal utilization of'Green Energy'can bring health and happiness. Green Energy, indeed 

Global Dynamics in the Green Energy Industry: A New Engine of Growth: Synthesis and a Way Forward: Discussion of Papers and Comments on Six Energy
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As major economies embark on developing the green energy industry and investments are made in green energy development and deployment, the industry is poised to grow at an accelerated pace and emerge as a major source of employment and growth. All nations 

Consumer Willingness-to-Pay for Green Energy: Results from Focus Groups
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To find out if consumers are willing to pay a surcharge for"  green energy," the Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries hosted consumer focus groups at four locations in Alabama. Results showed that consumers were willing to pay a premium in line with the 

Growing a Green Energy Future
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Alternative energy and building a green economy have become hot topics in recent years. This attention to green alternatives springs from a growing realization of the critical need to address global warming. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 

FOOD, FEED AND GREEN ENERGY: PREMISE FOR THE SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE TOWARD TRANSNATIONAL NETWORK OF RURAL SOLIDARITY
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ABSTRACT This study investigates the agro-food sector who is receiving a great deal of attention for topics of general interest as the food quality, security and safety, alternative uses of crops in food/feed/fuel, growing concern for GHG (Green House Gas) emission, 

A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis of Sustainable Toyohashi City with Green Energyand Smart Technology
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Over the last few decades the negative impacts of transport depicting a growing concern for our environment (Van Wee1)). Concomitant to this growing concern, industries are pushed to become more sustainable. With respect to the car industry, current dominant measures 

WI-TI: AN OPTIMIZED GREEN ENERGY FARM CAPABLE OF SOLVING EGYPT ENERGY CRISIS BASED ON WIND AND MARINE CURRENT ENERGIES
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The present paper proposes a new design philosophy for renewable energy power plant planning. The philosophy relies on combining hybrid energy harvesting with computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-based optimization in order to produce a power plant that achieves 

Intelligent and Green Energy LED Back lighting Techniques of Stereo Liquid Crystal Displays
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As modem society has been reshaped rapidly into the multimedia information society, large size of display devices is required. Thin-film-transistor liquid-crystal-displays (TFT-LCDs) are one of the most popular display devices from small to large size. TFT-LCDs need backlight 

Green Energy Delegation Visits Gansu Province
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China Times E-paper During the past few years the cross-strait cooperation on new energy development has kept being intensified. On August 15, a delegation consisting of the officials and researchers from Taiwan's Institute for Information Industry (III) and 

Green Energy Alternatives
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To save the planet and life on earth, drastic measures need to be taken. Initiatives for sustainable development must be enforced immediately and at a large scale. In this context, also considering the rising oil prices, it is pertinent that the world starts to consider 

Work values, work attitude and job performance of green energy industry employees in Taiwan
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This research aimed to explore the relations among work values, work attitude (including job involvement and organizational commitment) and job performance, and explore how the director's leadership may be a moderator between the work values and work attitude of 

The role of green marketing in development of consumer behavior towards green energy
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 The role of green marketing in development of consumer behavior towards green energy Supervisor: Tobias Eltebrandt  energy market, and then presents concept of green marketing, social responsibility, green energy, and consumer behavior in literature review. In 

GREEN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY (GET) FOR TELECOM APPLICATIONS _
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ABSTRACT There is a strong need to develop a viable independent power industry that serves the public interest by providing cost-effective electricity through the environmentally responsible and efficient development of the available energy resources. The other 

Is it sustainable to produce green energy? A case of wind energy in the Green Heart of Italy. First Findings
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ABSTRACT Umbria is a region located in the middle of Italy. It is known for its cultural, heritage, the cleanness of its environment, the beauty of its landscape and for high quality of life of its resident. The typical regional landscape includes hilly areas with traditional crops like 

Vibration-Induced Energy Harvesting for Green Technology
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INTRODUCTION ENEWABLE green energy is coming into the spotlight due to domestic overseas changes such as the weakened carbon industry caused by the recent high oil prices and global warming. Currently, renewable 

Special Session: The impacts of green energy policies on the transformational processes within the context of the contemporary rural landscape. A comparative
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Moreover, the recent coming into force within most European countries of an important outline document and of the European Landscape Convention has led to the introduction of a new point of view on aesthetic and perception quality into the local, national and 

Making Economic Sense of Green Energy: Photovoltaic Application in Two Houses
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ABSTRACT The reality bites for green energy when the economic assessment shows it as not a viable investment. Economic assessment for projects normally uses Return on Investment (ROI), Payback Period (PBP), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and 

green electricity 2015

Abstract Since the liberalization of the German electricity market in 1998, green electricity (GE), ie electricity produced from environmentally friendly sources and marketed as such, has been available to German customers. Nonetheless, the demand for GE has remained

Consumers' willingness to pay for green electricity: A meta-analysis of the literature
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Abstract At present, electricity generated from power plants using renewable sources costs more than electricity generated from power plants using conventional fuels. Consumers bear these expenses directly or indirectly through higher prices for renewable energy or taxes.

Dark green electricity comes from the sea: Capitalizing on ecological merits of offshore wind power
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Abstract European consumers are willing to pay more for green electricity, as they highly value renewable energy sources for the contribution to combating climate change. There is a push for getting higher levels of sustainability, leading to a differentiation of Europe's Abstract Consumers' willingness to pay (WTP) represents a central question for providers of renewable energy. Most studies on the subject have used contingent valuation and choice experiments. However, all empirical designs employed to date suffer from serious biases, Abstract In liberalized electricity markets, environmental aspects are often used in marketing in addition to price competition and a wide variety of green electricity products marketed as environmentally friendly is available for customers. We study these green electricity

Green electricity and biowastes via biogas to bulk-chemicals and fuels: The next move toward a sustainable bioeconomy
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To deal with the global challenges of limited fossil resources, climate change, and environmental pollution bioeconomy has been identified globally as a strategic development goal. In this regard, many industrial countries and regions have set very ambiguous

Mandatory versus voluntary payment for green electricity
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Abstract Renewable energy sources have a critical role to play in contributing to the diversity, sustainability and security of energy supplies. The main objective of the paper is to gain an understanding of the support mechanism of renewable energy sources most

Pro-Active Social Movement in Uncertain Social Issue of Sustainability: A Case Study of Citizen Cooperative in Japan
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The activity begins at first with anti-nuclear demonstration, which is followed by some proactive movements such as renewable energy projects and green electricity. Same facts are observed also in the green electricity survey. The payments to renewable energy producers thus consist of two parts: the price pw for electricity and the price s for the certificate issued with each unit of green electricity. By inserting (2.10) and (2.11) into pG = pw + s, one can derive the effect on green electricity production: production innovation. Few studies address psychological factors in consumer demand for green electricity products, despite the green electricity product market's contribution to recent growth in the use of green electric motorcycle.

Simulating the use of biomass in electricity with the Green Electricity Simulate (GES) model: An application to the French power generation
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Dispatch= Optimal dispatch of existing fleet (merit order) to meet power demand in different hours in the year Investment= investment in new units to maintain and increase the size of the fleet so as to meet increasing power demand and adapt to Higher visibility and involvement increases demand for green electricity contracts. 1.3. Green electricity marketing. The potential for green electricity in liberalized markets, especially in the Swedish market, can be significant. Switching to green electricity is the major contributor to improving the energy efficiency and greenhouse gas reduction. Abstract. The energy efficiency, greenhouse gas reduction and cost price of a green gas supply chain were evaluated. 2.8. Green electricity.

Challenges of Renewable Forest Fuels for Green Electricity Market
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In this study, strategic electricity market scenarios are considered in a grid of Scandinavia. This multiple-objective decision environment includes the allocation of a number of renewable forest fuel procurement chains to a combined heat and power plant in Finland.

40% efficient sunlight to electricity conversion
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Abstract Increasing sunlight conversion efficiency is a key driver for on-going solar electricity cost reduction. For photovoltaic conversion, the approach most successful in increasing conversion efficiency is to split sunlight into spectral bands and direct each band to a The managerial objective is to provide electricity suppliers with information on consumers' preferences and on how to adapt and differentiate electricity products in order to address the existing demand of green electricity. For

The burden of Germany's energy transition: An empirical analysis of distributional effects
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this promotion regime, which is legally codified under the Renewable Energy Sources Act utilities are obliged to pay technology-specific feed-in tariffs far above own production cost to those who produce green electricity using alternative

The effects of moral licensing and moral cleansing in contingent valuation and laboratory experiments on the demand to reduce externalities
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Keywords Culpability · Moral licensing · Moral cleansing · Guilt · Peer information · Green electricity 1 Introduction 123 Page 4. B. Ho et al. speaks directly to the effect of carbon footprint calculators on the demand for carbon offsets and green electricity. Abstract The 2015 EU Energy Union Package proposes integrating renewables into the market, just as the UK has moved away from Premium Feed-in Tariffs (FiTs) for renewable electricity supply (RES-E) to something closer to the standard FiT, which, when auctioned,

The Evaluation of Pioneering Bioethanol Projects in Nigeria Following the Announcement and Implementation of the Nigerian Biofuel Policy and Incentives
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The project, which has a budget of US$80–90 million dollars, is designed to produce 120 million liters of ethanol per year and 10–15 MW green electricity. The company also plans to produce sugar and green electricity as well.

green electricity old



The third industrial revolution: How the internet, green electricity, and 3-d printing are ushering in a sustainable era of distributed capitalism
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Our industrial civilization is at a crossroads. Oil and the other fossil fuel energies that make up the industrial way of life are sunsetting, and the technologies made from and propelled by these energies are antiquated. The entire industrial infrastructure built off of fossil fuels is

A life cycle inventory of existing biomass import chains for" green" electricityproduction
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Abstract a Dutch utility company, recently initiated the import of clean biomass for co-firing purposes in its coal plants. Key reasons for import are the fact that the availability of biomass with good co-firing properties in the Netherlands is limited and

Are we" Green" An Empirical Investigation of Renewable Electricity Consumption
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Widespread deregulation in the electricity sector has paved the way for competition and service differentiation in alternative electricity generation methods. The production and marketing of green electricity presents significant challenges to providers. For There are at least two good reasons why common policies should be implemented to ensure the introduction and development of renewable energy sources in the European Union. First, in 1997, the EU made a commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 8%

GREEN ELECTRICITY~ A CASE STUDY OF A GRID LINKED INDEPENDENT POWER PRODUCER
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ABSTRACT: Biomass gasification technology offers a cost effective option of power generation at power levels up to 3 MWe, for a wide variety of applications such as captive power in industry, grid linked independent power producer and distributed power

Green electricity consumption in Swedish households: The role of norm-motivated consumer behavior
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Abstract The main purpose of this paper is to provide an econometric analysis of the most important determinants of Swedish households'(self-reported) willingness to accept a price premium for green electricity. Methodologically, we draw heavily on recent

Green electricity from biomass fuelled producer gas engine
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ABSTRACT: In the recent times issues like the Green House Gas (GHG) emission reduction and carbon-trading through Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) have gained large prominence as a part of climate change. Biomass gasification is one such technology

Residential demand for green electricity
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Abstract This paper uses a large OECD web survey to shed light on preferences for renewable energy in the residential sector in six OECD countries. The key contributions are as follows. First, the authors propose to elicit willingness-to-pay (WTP) in a way that solves

When do voluntary environmental programs succeed Evidence from green electricity and all US utilities
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Abstract Voluntary environmental programs (VEPs) can address environmental externalities when mandatory regulations are unattainable or undesirable. The extent to which VEPs succeed at improving environmental quality depends on participation levels from firms

Development of ecological standards for biomass in the framework of green electricity labeling
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Objectives The CLEAN-E project will accompany the establishment of new and the improvement of existing green electricity product labels in selected EU Member States. In this regard the CLEAN-E project will support the efforts of the European Green Electricity

The implications of tradable green certificates for the deployment of renewable electricity
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Abstract The issue of green certificates has received much attention in the recent year. In a system of green certificates, producers of renewable electricity receive a certificate for each pre-defined unit of electricity produced. Such a certificate represents the 'greenness', or in

Green electricity in Switzerland: insights in market development and eco-labelling
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Abstract As in many other European countries, Green Electricity is an emerging product in Switzerland as well. Although the market is yet to be liberalised, more than 80 of the 1200 Swiss electric utilities offer some sort of Green Electricity product to their customers.

Overview of green electricity policy in Slovenia
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Regulation divides the qualified power plants according to the nominal electric power (micro: up to 36 kW, small: from 36 up to 1 MW, medium: from 1 MW up to 10 MW and large: above 10 MW) Regulation sets the conditions for the acquiring the status of qualified

Tradable green certificates: The dynamics of coupled electricity markets
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1 Abstract Liberalisation of markets previously under regulatory control require new instruments for environmental policy making, because subsidies and regulatory intervention does not conform to trans-national, liberalised markets. This is the case for newly

New provider-consumer relations in electricity provision. Green electricity schemes in the UK, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Germany
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Until recently the provision of electricity, investment planning and guaranteeing of supply was the responsibility of state-owned companies serving captive consumers within natural monopolist markets. With the gradual liberalisation of European energy markets, this form

A nested logit model of green electricity consumption in Western Australia
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Abstract Green electricity products are increasingly made available to consumers in many countries in an effort to address a number of environmental and social concerns. Most of the existing literature on this green electricity market focuses on consumer's characteristics

The interaction of emissions trading and a green certificate system in an electricity market
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Abstract Concerns about climate change and energy security have given rise to discussions about instruments to regulate CO2 emissions and to promote renewable energy sources. The combined use of these instruments may have adverse economic implications. It is

Green electricity in the Nordic countries
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This report summarizes renewable electricity policy measures in four Nordic countries as part of the REALISE project on the interaction between liberalised markets and measures

The challenge for green energy: How to store excess electricity
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Why are we ignoring things we know We know that the sun doesn't always shine and that the wind doesn't always blow. So wrote former US Energy Secretary James Schlesinger and Robert L. Hirsch last spring in the Washington Post, suggesting that because these

Green electricity logistics in warehouse operations, in
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Abstract Green electricity sources (photovoltaic, wind) are available for warehouse energy infrastructures: we could use this green electricity in lighting, in HVAC (heating, ventilating, air conditioning), and in charging forklifts and any electrical equipments in a traditional

Green sidewalk makes electricity–one footstep at a time
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" As much as it's an effective, common-sense source of some sustainable electricity, it's also a great way for people to engage with the issue of sustainability to feel like they are part of the solution in a very immediate, fun and visual way that doesn't make you do anything

Simulating the use of biomass in electricity with the Green Electricity Simulate (GES) model: An application to the French power generation
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Dispatch= Optimal dispatch of existing fleet (merit order) to meet power demand in different hours in the year Investment= investment in new units to maintain and increase the size of the fleet so as to meet increasing power demand and adapt to

Green Electricity from Rice Husk: A Model for Bangladesh
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Bangladesh has reportedly over one hundred thousand Rice Mills-large, medium and small. They process paddy, using mostly the parboiling practice. The rice mills use the thermal energy of steam generated in boilers, which are fired by rice husk-a byproduct of paddy

Making Incentives for Renewable Energy in China Work: Case Study on Shanghai Green Electricity Scheme
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Abstract: Being passed in 2005 and coming into effect on January 1st 2006, the Renewable Energy Law is the first comprehensive policy document that directly aims to promote renewable energy in China. It also acts as the legal basis for country-wide activity to drive

Impacts of green electricity markets in the United Kingdom, Germany and Finland
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Abstract In liberalized electricity markets, a wide variety of competing green electricity products are available to customers in addition to competition on tariff price. These voluntary products are marketed as environmentally friendly and claimed to support renewable

Financing renewable energy through household adoption of green electricity tariffs: a diffusion model of an induced environmental market
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Abstract: Green electricity tariffs are a means by which 'green consumers' can contribute to investment in renewable energy. In order to conceptualize factors constraining the adoption of green electricity tariffs this paper develops a model that links the willingness-to-pay (

Institutional Innovation for Sustainability in Transitional China: The Green ElectricityMarket in Shanghai
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Abstract This paper examines the evolution of the Shanghai Green Electricity Scheme-the first green electricity market in China-since it was introduced in 2005. This Scheme represents an institutional innovation to pursue sustainability objectives through the

Environmental attitude and the demand for green electricity in the context of supplier choice: A case study of the New Zealand retail electricity market
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Abstract There is growing interest in non-market valuation research to explore the importance of attitudes and perceptions in explaining heterogeneity of preferences among consumers. Previous research on environmental attitude (EA) and its influence on

An analysis of the residential user electricity market and the marketing of green electricity product solutions in the City of Cape Town
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Abstract This study comprised of a telephonic questionnaire conducted in late 2007 with 405 respondents. The aim of the questionnaire was to derive the opinions of a representative sample of Cape Town's residential electricity consumers on matters relating to the

Green Certificates and Emisssion Permits in the Context of a Liberalised ElectricityMarket
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I am very pleased and excited to take over as President for 2002. Arild Nystad and his Council did a great job in keeping the organization moving in a positive direction. I would like to build on his and past successes. The IAEE is a strong, world wide organization with over 3000

The joint impact of carbon emissions trading and tradable green certificates on the evolution of liberalized electricity markets: the Spanish case
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Abstract The growing concern for the impacts of climate change is driving many countries towards the implementation of both carbon reduction and renewable electricity promotion policies. However, the joint long-term impact of these policies on liberalized electricity

The optimal percentage requirement and welfare comparisons in a two-country electricitymarket with a common tradable green certificate system
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The Tradable Green Certificate (TGC) system with a committed percentage requirement of energy production from renewable sources has become an important instrument to solve Greenhouse Gas issues and promote the sustainable energy generation. In this paper,

„Towards a green internal electricity market
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Abstract Due to the 3rd Energy Package of 2009 the regulation of European electricity transmission did change considerably. Before, cross-border electricity issues have been regulated by voluntary contractual agreements between Transmission System Operators.

A Simulink Model for Emergency Power System and Electricity Market using GreenEnergy Technology
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ABSTRACT The electric power system is an important infrastructure that plays the important role in the economical status of a nation. It is, therefore, very important and useful to design a green energy distributed power system. This paper presents the concept of power

Projections of green house gas emissions from electricity production in Greece up to 2030
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ABSTRACT Greek Power System is under a continuous development and change regarding installed capacity, its composition and fuel mix. Total installed capacity is enlarged, as the installed capacity of the power plants using Natural Gas or Renewable Energy Sources,

BioZEG–Highly Efficient Standalone Green Production of Hydrogen and Electricity
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Abstract A prototype plant that demonstrates the ZEG-technology (Zero Emission Gas technology), that is highly efficient co-production of hydrogen and electricity with CO2- capture has been built and installed at located at the

The Possible Impact of Information Disclosure on the Demand for Green Electricity Products
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The nuclear disaster of Fukushima in March 2010 caused a complete turnaround in German energy politics. The nuclear power phase-out until 2022 was enacted by the German government on September 28, 2010. 1 As a consequence of this there is a strong need for

Denmark's policy for a green electricity market
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Background The Danish Government has defined green electricity as electricity from renewable energy sources produced from approved and certified, environmentally benign equipment. Electricity from nuclear power, municipal solid waste and large hydro-power

A CGE Study of Green Electricity Policy in Taiwan
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Abstract In order to speed up the development of renewable energy industries, the Taiwan government passed the Renewable Energy Development Bill in 2009. Based on the statute, a feed-in tariff subsidy policy for renewable electricity production has been framed.


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