RESEARCH PAPERS

nfc-Near Field Communication research papers




Security in near field communication (NFC)
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ABSTRACT This paper gives a comprehensive analysis of security with respect toNFC. It is not limited to a certain application of NFC, but it uses a systematic approach to analyze the various aspects of security whenever anNFCinterface is used. The authors want to clear

NFCon Mobile Phones: Issues, Lessons and Future Research.
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ABSTRACT In this paper we discuss some issues arising from our implementation and evaluation of two systems that enable mobile phone users to identify common address book contacts. These systems were implemented using Bluetooth andNFC. Here we discuss

Practical Relay Attack on Contactless Transactions by UsingNFCMobile Phones.
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ABSTRACT Contactless technology is widely used in security sensitive applications, including identification, payment and access-control systems. Near Field Communication (NFC) is a short-range contactless technology allowing mobile devices to act primarily as either a

Near field communication (NFC) in an automotive environment
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ABSTRACT Near Field Communication (NFC) offers intuitive interactions between humans and vehicles. In this paper we explore differentNFCbased use cases in an automotive context. Nearly all described use cases have been implemented in a BMW vehicle to get

NFCresearch framework: a literature review and future research directions
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ABSTRACT Near Field Communication (NFC) is one of the emerging and promising technological developments, provides means to short range contactless communication for mobile phones and other devices alike.NFChas become an attractive research area for

Automatic impedance matching for 13.56 MHzNFCantennas
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Automatic Impedance Matching for 13.56 MHzNFCAntennas Michael Roland1, Harald Witschnig2, Erich Merlin2, Christian Saminger1 1Upper Austria University CSNDSP08 1 / 24 Page 2. Outline 1 Overview of the NFCResearch Lab

AttackingNFCmobile phones
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NFCSocial: social networking in mobility through IMS andNFC
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ABSTRACT In our article, we present NFCSocial, a mobile application prototype which uses the Near Field Communication (NFC) technology to ease the update of presence information on federated communication systems and social networks. We discuss some technical

European markets forNFC: Supply and demand issues
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ABSTRACT The European market for not-from-concentrate citrus juices has experienced strong growth in recent years. The growth appears to be related to the high quality of not- from-concentrate juice, the ready-to-serve form of the product, and the increased affluence

Practical Experiences withNFCSecurity on mobile Phones
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ABSTRACT In this paper we present our practical experiences in implementing a secureNFC application on mobile phones. First, we present the characteristics of theNFCtechnology and its security features. Based on our practical, real-world offlineNFCvoucher payment

Proximity Mobile Payments: LeveragingNFCand the Contactless Financial Payments Infrastructure
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" The convergence of payments and mobile communications is not just logical-it is inevitable." In March 2007, John Philip Coghlan, then CEO of Visa USA, made this announcement at the CTIA Wireless Conference. Yet only a few years ago, people were

Software card emulation inNFC-enabled mobile phones: great advantage or security nightmare
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ABSTRACT Software card emulation is a new approch to advance the interoperability of NFCwith legacy contactless smartcard systems. It has been first introduced toNFC-enabled mobile phones by Research In Motion (RIM) on their BlackBerry platform. Software card

Physical browsing withNFCtechnology
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ABSTRACT Physical browsing is a new intuitive human computer interfacing paradigm for mobile users. Services, such as information retrieval, peer to peer communication, payment or ticketing, and professional applications can be initiated by simply touching an object

Exploring theNFCattack surface
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Near Field Communication (NFC) has been used in mobile devices in some countries for a while, and is now emerging on mobile devices in use in the United States. This technology allowsNFC-enabled devices to communicate with each other within close range, typically

The comparison of an electronic nose and gas chromatograph for differentiatingNFCorange juices
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ABSTRACT An electronic nose was compared to a dynamic headspace gas chromatograph (HSGC) for differentiating premium orange juices. Five not-from-concentrate and one from- concentrate juices were analyzed using the electronic nose with an additional not-from-

Experiences from interaction design forNFCapplications
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Linking things in the physical world with related digital resources and content in the virtual world is one of the visions of ubiquitous computing. Radio frequency identification tags, more specificallyNFCtags, attached to the things and places in the physical world and

High Speed RFID/NFCat the Frequency of 13.56 MHz
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Data-intensive applications based onNFC(Near Field Communication) or applications for healthcare/e-government will need an increase of the actual defined and standardised transmission rates of 848 kbit/s. It is topic of this work to point out physical layer

Enhancing Authentication in eBanking withNFC-Enabled Mobile Phones
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This Master's Project addresses the problem of remote authentication of eBanking customers. The notion of eBanking corresponds to the usage of the Internet site of a financial institution by its customers with the intention of checking their account balance or

Advertising withNFC
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ABSTRACT In this paper we describe our ongoing work and first prototypes in the area of advertising on public screens in combination with mobile devices. We are especially interested in exploiting personal user profiles and explicit input from users in order to

Touch computing: Simplifying human to environment interaction throughNFCtechnology
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ABSTRACT This work analyses the use ofNFCtechnology to simplify the interactions of users with contextaware services offered by intelligent environments. Touch Computing is a novel explicit user interaction mechanism in which users accompanied by theirNFC-enabled

Beyond Device Pairing: New Interactions onNFCEnabled Mobile Phones
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ABSTRACT Near field communication (NFC) is a short-range wireless protocol that allows users to connect devices and access content and services by simply holding enabled devices near each other. Many of the existing applications (ticketing, purchasing, device configuration,

Real-time pitchshifting of musical signals by a time-varying factor using normalized filtered correlation time-scale modification (NFC-TSM)
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ABSTRACT This paper presents a high-quality real-time pitch-shifting algorithm with a time- varying factor for monophonic audio and musical signals. The pitch-shifting algorithm is based on the resampling and time-scale modification method. A new time-scale

On the security issues ofNFCenabled mobile phones
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In this paper, we investigate the possibility that a Near Field Communication (NFC) enabled mobile phone, with an embedded secure element (SE), could be used as a mobile token cloning and skimming platform. We show how an attacker could use anNFCmobile

Digital signatures onnfctags
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ABSTRACT The mobile phone is more and more becoming our everyday tool, and new usage areas are constantly being investigated. Today we see trends where third party applications will be downloaded onto the phone, and whereNFCtags provide pervasive data input to

Near field communication (NFC) for mobile phones
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ABSTRACT RFID seems to be a technology without limits for the number of areas it can be used in. In recent years, the amount of RFID tags has increased rapidly. The technology is cheap and relatively simple. Most RFID systems are used for logistic purposes, keeping track of

NFChacking: The easy way
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Page 1.NFCHacking: The Easy Way DEFCON 20

NFCTechnology from the IC toNFCMiddleware
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A System such as a mobile phone may integrate various components embedding different protocols such asNFC-IP1, NFCIP-2, ISO/IEC 14443 PCD and PICC, These components may be removable or directly integrated in the mobile phone itself. This system leads to a

Mobile Healthcare–ProposedNFCArchitecture
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ABSTRACT Mobile devices offer new ways for users to access health care data and services in a secure and user-friendly environment. Mobile health is delivering health, defined as the state of complete physical, mental and social well being, via the mobile channel. Mobile

AnNFCbased context-aware solution for access to bibliographic sources in university environments
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The advance of mobile and wireless technologies in recent years is permitting the development of new and more complex context-aware and pervasive systems. These applications cover a wide spectrum of problems, sectors, scenarios, and environments

The Mobile Payments andNFCLandscape: A US Perspective
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Man's desire to communicate is as old as man himself, and even today, very few needs are stronger. The invention of communication devices such as the telegraph, the telephone, and particularly the mobile phone have affected how people live in ways that almost no one

Exploring consumer adoption ofNFC-enabled mobile payments in South Africa
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ABSTRACT The incredible proliferation of mobile telephone use globally has created new avenues to market, sell and deliver services to consumers across socioeconomic classes. An area that has received a lot of attention is mobile payment services because of

Real-world tagging in the wild: On the usability and accessibility ofNFC-based interactions
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ABSTRACT With the introduction ofNFC-equipped mobile phones real-world tagging technologies have become available to a wide audience. This provides us with the opportunity to investigate the usability of the mobile touch interaction paradigm in real

Towards Simple Interaction In The Classroom: AnNfcApproach.
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ABSTRACT In a given environment, distributing different devices with computing capabilities around us opens up new possibilities. It allows simple and easy interaction between user and computer. In this work we propose an approach to make it easier to handle

Touch-based interaction: An approach throughNFC
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ABSTRACT News forms of interaction have to be considered if we want to model intelligent environments. Therefore, non intrusiveness is essential for the user. In this work we present the means for modeling different scenarios through RFID andNFCtechnologies. Our

Applying theNFCSecure Element in Mobile Identity Apps
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Director Smart Card Alliance Applying theNFCSecure Element in Mobile Identity Apps MBS - 403 Mobile Security2 Page 3. Near Field Communication (NFC) ? The primary uses of NFCare to: ? Peer-to-Peer: Exchange data or connect devices, such as wireless

WhyNFCis bigger than paying with your mobile Phone
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NFC2 Page 3. Concept ofNFC3 Page 4. 4Webcasts on both technical topics and business use cases 33 Page 34.NFCis a Horizontal Technology ? Reaches across multiple devices and multiple use cases ? Our work is to ensure smooth and timely deployment

Trust in partner relationships forNFCapplications
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ABSTRACT This thesis paper analyzes different rollout strategies for Near Field Communication (NFC) services across the globe in terms of the trust factors among the corresponding business relationships. The research purpose is to determine whether a relationship

Near field communication (NFC) developer comparison
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SNEP Android = 4.0, before only NPP No support in 7.0 With LibNDEFPush on PR 1.2+ Manual implementation, no OS integration. Only URN, no port. Manual implementation, no OS integration. Only URN, no port.Manual implementation, no OS integration Manual

Google Wallet andNFCsecurity: guarding against'sharks with lasers'
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Security researchers are exploring waysNFC-enabled mobile payment systems like Google Wallet could expose users to hackers looking to scoop payment information, and other security risks. Meanwhile, a Google engineer promises theNFCsecurity is 'designed to be

Concept Design of Micro Payment Model Based on AndroidNFCto Reinvigorate Traditional Markets
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ABSTRACT In this paper, we find out about the effort and status of GwangJu metropolitan city to reinvigorate traditional market. And we propose the micro payment model based on Android NFCand tokenization technique to support the small trader's micro payment in aspect of

NFC: The Evolution Continues
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? Transport operators are mandating use ofNFC? Stadiums are implementingNFCfor ticketing?NFCenables quick and secure connection handover, which is useful for Bluetooth pairing, WiFi set up, and more? SMS check in, and many other services, increasing?

NFC: Integration between RFID and Mobile, state of the art and future developments
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Moreover, the paper points out the importance of creating anNFCecosystem based on a standardized environment, which is the main purpose of the European research project called StoLPaN (Store Logistics and Payment withNFC). Index terms-NFC, Mobile,

NFC: A review of the technology, applications and security
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ABSTRACT Smart phones are becoming ubiquitous as their adoption increases due to the convergence of value-added services in them. One of the technologies which will enhance this convergence is Near Field Communication (NFC). The promise and allure ofNFCin

NFCHeroes-ObservingNFCAdoption through a Mobile Trading Card Game
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ABSTRACT Near-field Communication (NFC) technology finally is starts to proliferate on modern smartphones, enabling researchers to conduct research in the large in the real world. The research question for this work is to learn about the distribution ofNFCtags in

ANFCbased Authentication method for defense of the Man in the Middle Attack
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Among other things, it is required a high safety about the information associated with the mobile payment from the user. In order to ensure this safety, theNFChas been proposed. It can be loaded and be operated a variety of a high-performance cryptographic algorithms

Mhealth based onNFCtechnology–preliminary results from medium scale proof of concept projects
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ABSTRACT mHealth enables patients suffering from chronic diseases to stay in contact with their care givers anywhere and anytime. The usage of mobile phones as patient terminal requires a barrier-free user interface design and plug 'n play interplay with medical sensor

EnablingNFCtechnology in hospital wards
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ABSTRACT At the present time, more and more hospital workers are complaining about the complicated use of healthcare applications. This complexity could be the reason for hospital staff spending a lot of their time managing patient records. In this paper we present an

Tag, you're it-NFCin a home environment
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ABSTRACT This paper envisions the application of Near Field Communication (NFC) in a home environment. SeveralNFCsolutions are currently available in the logistics industry relying on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in addition to others being adopted for personal

Mobile Near Field Communications (NFC):" tap'n Go" : Keep it Secure and Private
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Near Field Communications (NFC) is a short-range wireless technology that allows mobile devices to actively interact with passive physical objects and other active mobile devices, connecting the physical world to mobile services in ways that empower and benefit users.

P2P micro-interactions withNFC-enabled mobile phones
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ABSTRACT This paper introduces micro-interactions. Micro-interactions are categorized by their nearly instantaneous occurrence. They are invoked quickly and naturally, requiring no preconfiguration or setup. They occur with an absolute minimum amount of friction and

A comparison of EUNIS classes and critical loads of nitrogen betweenNFC-data and the harmonized land cover map under LRTAP Convention
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The Coordination Centre for Effects (CCE) located at MNP, commissioned the Institute of Environmental Sciences, Leiden University (CML) to (a) further harmonize European landcover data from CORINE and the Stockholm Environment Institute for use under the

A Design of Electronic Payment Authentication Method based onNFCSmartphone
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ABSTRACT Unlike the phones from the past, Smartphone holds greater performance like that of PC and it is also true that riskier security threat comes along. Also, with the rapid development of mobileNFCpayment services, an importance of the mobile security is

Short mid-termNFCSuccess Stories
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? Preferred container will be the SIM card? Single Wire Protocol defined for interfacing betweenNFCChip and SIM card? SE SIM Cards are hosting around 3-5 applications in an extended memory? MNO's need to invest in new SIM cards beforeNFCwith security can

Mobile Interaction with anNFC-based Billboard
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ABSTRACT With the advancement of Ubicomp technologies, physical objects can be tagged, support the interaction with associated information and services and finally serve as physical interfaces. This paper investigates mobile interaction with a dynamicNFC-display

Connecting the mobile phone with the internet of things–Benefits of EPC andNFCcompatibility
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ABSTRACT This paper describes the Electronic Product Code (EPC) and Near Field Communication (NFC) technologies. It lists the involved industry standards and elaborates on their commonalities and compatibility issues. The paper discusses the combination of

Design and Development ofNFCEnabled Loyalty System
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ABSTRACT –NFC(Near Field Communication) technology facilitates mobile phone usage of billions of people throughout the world that offers diverse services ranging from payment and loyalty applications to access keys for offices and houses.NFCtechnology is one

Network Architecture and Services Supporting Cross MediaNFCApplications
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ABSTRACT This paper presents a SmartTouch system with network architecture and services supporting a new breed of Near Field Communication applications other than traditional contactless payment and ticketing. It is a generic platform for touch-based applications that

DynamicNFC-Displays as a Prototyping Platform for Direct Mobile Interactions with Public Displays
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ABSTRACT Mobile interaction with public displays is usually indirect and depends on the limited input features of mobile devices. DynamicNFC-displays combine the simplicity and directness of mobile interaction withNFC-tagged, physical objects and the visual output

Architecture of tsm solutions in systems based onnfctechnology
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ABSTRACT This paper gives insight into the architecture ofNFCservice life cycle management solutions-one of the key components of theNFCecosystems.NFCenabled phones equipped with secure elements, combined withNFCenabled infrastructure–readers and

Evaluating and optimizing RFID andNFCsystems using real-time spectrum analysis
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The evolution of radio frequency identification (RFID) technologies is transpiring at a frenzied pace. RFID is also associated with the term near field communications (NFC) on mobile appliances such as cell phones, new appliances and utilities in a range of

Elliptic curve certificates and signatures fornfcsignature records
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ABSTRACT The Near Field Communication (NFC) Forum finalized its Signature Record Type Definition (RTD) to protect against manipulation ofNFCData Exchange Format (NDEF) data. The choice of digital certificate and signature type has a major impact on tag memory

Direction of Wireless Access Convergence; Can Near Field Communication (NFC) Be a Member of Future Internet?
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ABSTRACT This paper gives bird's-eye view of a variety of wireless access systems with respect to communication protocol structure. As these technologies evolve to higher datatransmission rates, there is more affinity with the Internet protocols. This observation

Design and Evaluation of SIMpliLife, anNFCPlatform to Ease Day-to-Day Actions of People's Life
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ABSTRACT In this paper the authors describe the design, prototyping and evaluation of SIMpliLife, a framework for mobile phones with the aim of making people's life easier, providing day-to-day services such as payment, ticketing and information retrieval by

Study on the Feasibility ofNFCP2P Communication for Nursing Care Daily Work
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ABSTRACT Now, more and more hospitals manage patient's medical records by using PC support. However, Nurses and Doctors are complaining increasingly about the complications involved in using healthcare applications. These complexity procedures are

CanNFCsupport Virtual Lean Construction
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ABSTRACT Near Field Communication (NFC) is a short-range (0-10 cm) wireless connectivity and identification technology that evolved from a combination of passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and peer-to-peer technology.NFCis currently

Improvements toNFCMobile Transaction and Authentication Protocol.
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ABSTRACT A protocol forNFCmobile authentication and transaction is recently proposed by W. Chen et al. This protocol is used for micropayments, where the Mobile Network Operator (MNO) pays for its customers. The main advantage of this protocol is its compatibility with

Formally definingNFCM-coupon requirements, with a case study
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ABSTRACT AnNFC-based mobile coupon (M-coupon) is a cryptographically secured electronic message with some value stored at user's mobile. In the literature, a number of NFCM-coupon protocols were proposed in order to meet particular security requirements.

On Protection of the Users Privacy in Ubiquitous E-ticketing Systems Based on RFID andNFCTechnologies
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Protection of the User's Privacy in Ubiquitous E-ticketing Systems based on RFID andNFC Technologies Ivan Gudymenko Status talk, 12 June 2013Page 4. Target Area • Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp); – Based on RFID/NFC; • Focus on electronic ticketing (e-ticketing).

Nfclike wireless technology for monitoring purposes in scientific/industrial facilities
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ABSTRACT Wireless technologies are becoming more and more used in large industrial and scientific facilities like particle accelerators for facilitating the monitoring and indeed sensing in these kind of large environments. Cabled equipment means little flexibility in placement

Nfcmobile payments
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ABSTRACT Near Field Communications technology has huge potential in changing industry, most notably in the way the average consumer makes a purchase. The technology behind NFChas already been largely developed, and is currently being trialed by companies.

Social networks in anNFCcontext
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With this thesis, I complete my studies as MSc in Computer Science and Engineering at the Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering of Luleå University of Technology (LTU). The thesis work has been carried out at Ericsson Research in Luleå.

PROSPECTS OF APPLICATION OFNFC-TECHNOLOGIES
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Near field communication, orNFC, is a set of short-range wireless technologies, typically requiring a distance of 4 cm or less.NFCoperates at 13.56 Mhz (Megahearts) and at rates ranging from 106 kbit/s to 848 kbit/s.NFCalways involves an initiator and a target; the

Field Strength Scaling inNFC
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NFC-DynFS: A way to realize dynamic field strength scalingManuel Menghin1, Norbert Druml1, Christian Steger1, Reinhold Weiss1, Holger Bock2, Josef Haid2 1 Institute for Technical Informatics, Graz University of Technology, Austria 2 Infineon Technologies Austria AG,

NFCBased SMS Ticketing for Non-NFCDevices
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ABSTRACT NFC(Near Field Communication) Technology has various applications such as Ticketing, Cashless payment, Identification, Time and attendance, Physical access etc. The most important and widely used application ofNFCis ticketing. To useNFCapplications it

RFID/NFCTECHNOLOGY
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A Study of Coupons issuance System Considering of User Convenience Based onNFC
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ABSTRACT Recently, according to the development of wireless communication technology, theNFC(Near Field Communication) has attracted the attention . At the same time, by that the smart phone rapidly evolved and then be increased the using of mobile Internet, a

ABC andNFCbased unified power quality conditioner for compensating power quality problem
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ABSTRACT In this paper, an artificial bee's colony (ABC) algorithm based neuro fuzzy controller (NFC) will be proposed for improving the performance of UPQC. Here, the error and change of error voltage of the system is to be applied to the neural network. The output of the

A Brief Comparison ofNFCSmart Posters and Quick Response Codes
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With the advances in mobile phone technology there is a lot of interest in being able to automatically access information or trigger a service by bringing the phone close to an object. One of the most obvious ideas is to use the phone camera to read and interpret a

Concept Design ofNFC-based Electronic Coupon with Object Memory Model
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ABSTRACT In this paper, a concept design of electronic coupons usingNFC(Near Field Communication) in smart phones with OMM (Object Memory Model) is presented. The goal of OMM is to support the life cycle ofNFC-based Electronic Coupon for profile and usage,

Comparison of Various Short Range Wireless Communication Technologies withNFC
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ABSTRACT In this research paper we review three promising short-range wireless communication such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Bluetooth, zigbee and Near- field Communication (NFC).NFCmobile services are an important emerging area forNFC

RFID tags andNFC(Near Field Communication) technologies, in-cluding security and privacy implications
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ABSTRACT Whereas bar codes such as a UPC identify one of many similar objects, a RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tag provides a way to recognize an object as a unique object at a short distance. RFID tags have found use in inventory management and other

Technology-NFC-micro SD Technology
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ABSTRACT Near Field Communication (NF C) is the popular technology in mobile phones. In recent years, there are severalNFCtechnologies developed andNFC-enabled products launched. No doubt, integratingNFCchip into Micro SD card is the trend, because of the

A Framework for Multi-Mobile Orientation Models Using an Extended Kalman Filter andNFC
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ABSTRACT Mobile devices have become the primary method for person to person connection, and with new techniques of data creation and transfer, new methods of connecting people are constantly being developed. Many of these methods have incorporated location to

NFCSecurity and Location Based Services
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ABSTRACT Contactless technology now a days, is widely used in security applications including identification, payment and access control. Near Field Communication (NFC) is a standard wireless technology, which uses Radio frequency of about 13.56 MHz for

Architecture and Prototypical Realization ofNFC-based Indoor Positioning with Android and Google Maps
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ABSTRACT Fundamental to location-based services is accurate positioning information which is commonly acquired using one or several of three main technologies: Global Positioning System (GPS), cellular network information (Cell-ID, OTDOA), or wireless network (WLAN) participants and speakers shared the strong belief thatNFCis finally coming- if Apple does it, it can't be wrong. . Eventhough not many visitors realized it, the conference badge had

NFCBased Two-Pass Mobile Authentication
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ABSTRACT A wide range of applications such as mobile commerce, identity/access tokens, and sharing contacts come to existence with the help of growing popularity ofNFC-enabled mobile devices. The unique capability of this technology can be further extended into

Near Field Communication (NFC) Security
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ABSTRACT In this paper, we describeNFCand research on the level of cryptography and protocols used inNFCand other (inexpensive) system for similar purposes. For each system, we will be exploring their strength and weakness.

Controlling In-Vehicle Features UsingNFCand Voice Recognition
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ABSTRACT New technology always tend to introduce products that help easing our daily routine. In vehicles nowadays, manufacturers put equal emphasis on improving in-car features as well. Connecting vehicle's entertainment system to owner cell phone for call

Services in AmI-NFCEnvironment
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ABSTRACT The Ambient Intelligence (AmI) concept has emerged to describe interactions between a multitude of networkenabled devices, services and artifacts. The technology will be almost invisible, embedded in all kinds of objects and everyday environments, such as

Automating Audio Bluetooth Connectivity UsingNFCSecure Simple Pairing With TRF7970A, MSP430G2xx, PCA9306, and CSR DEV-PC-1645
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ABSTRACT TheNFCForum and the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG) collaborated to produce an application document entitled,NFCForum Bluetooth Secure Simple Pairing UsingNFCApplication Document located at NFCForum-AD-BTSSP_1. 0. This

Literature Survey onNFC, Applications and Controller
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ABSTRACT In 2004. The Near Field Communication forum was formed to promote and supervise the use of theNFCtechnology. Consequently many pilots have been launched worldwide in order to test and improve it. Near Field Communication (NFC), as an

NFC. THE FINAL PUSH
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ABSTRACT Near Field Communications (NFC) has been a 'buzz'word since 2003. It is a contactless technology, enabling quick and secure functionality in numerous areas including mobile contactless payment, ticketing and data transfer. Everything about it seems perfect.

Formal Security Analysis and Improvement of a hash-basedNFCM-coupon Protocol
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ABSTRACT Near field communication (NFC) is a Radio Frequency (RF) technology that allows data to be exchanged between devices that are in close proximity. We formally analyse a hash basedNFCmobile coupon protocol using formal methods (Casper/FDR2). We

NFCRF Analog Challenge and Enhanced High Speed Transmitter Design
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ABSTRACT This paper investigates the inherent radio frequency analog challenges associated with near field communication systems. Furthermore, the paper presents a digital based sigma-delta modulator for near field communication transmitter implementations. The

Beyond RFID: theNFCSecurity Landscape
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Near Field Communication (NFC) is quickly becoming the preferred technology for new mobile close-contact applications, such as smart posters, contactless payments, ticketing applications, and the like. With smart posters, for instance, theNFCdevice in the mobile

NFCImplants: Ready for prime time?
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Technology is become increasingly prevalent and intertwined in our lives. Many bring up the question, When do we say no? Or, Where do we draw the line? While its important to acknowledge these questions and think about them, sometime it hinders promising

ProposedNFC-based Micropayment Model andNFC-based Credit Card Model to Reinvigorate Traditional Markets
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ABSTRACT With advancement of mobile communication and information technology, mobile commerce (m-commerce) allows users to conduct business and service transactions over portable mobile phone. This trend is amplified by the Near Field Communication (NFC)

Challenges and opportunities ofNFCpayments applications
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ABSTRACT Despite the hype and the proven potentials of Near Field Communication technologies their deployment is still slow. A lack of a proper and developed infrastructure, the complexity of the ecosystem of the stakeholders and the still existent standardization

RFID (NFC) Antenna Design for Dedicated Mobile Applications at 88 MHz Frequency
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ABSTRACT Near field communication (NFC) is a set of standards for smart phones and similar devices to establish radio communication with each other by touching them together or bringing them into close proximity, usually no more than a few centimeters. Present and

Technologies for Further Evolution of Osaifu-Keitai Service-NFC-enabled Mobile Terminals and NTT DOCOMO UIM Card-
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As the application of Near Field Communication (NFC) Type A/B functions expands throughout the world, contactless tags and cards using these functions are becoming a major turning point in the provision of mobile services. In Japan, the Osaifu-Keitai (mobile

The Integration and Development ofNFCTechnology and Mobile E-Commerce Payment
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Page 1. The Integration and Development of NFCTechnology and Mobile E- commerce Payment

Establishing A Bi-directional Personal Healthcare Record Service withNFCTechnology
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ABSTRACT Personal Health Record (PHR) includes information provided by the patients, physicians, and other medical health care providers. It is used to manage individual medical record and other related medical health care information. By using an electronic PHR

Ultrasonic Audio Modem as a Replacement forNFC
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ABSTRACT Cellphones have become ubiquitous in the modern world and smartphones are rapidly gaining ground. As a result, the world has seen a transformation in many key aspects of daily life. Sharing information such as pictures, contacts, and videos has been radically

Interactive RFID andNFCEnable New Applications in Electronics
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Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) has penetrated our lives already in a number of fields– be it in access control for entering the office, in libraries for self-check-out, in ski areas for hands-free entry or in fashion retail for easy and quick inventory taking. Passive RFID tags

aids without nonlinear frequency compression (NFC) benefited most whenNFCwas made available.NFCbenefit was significantly correlated with higher levels
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Method Participants. A total of 11 children were included in the Glista et al study, 2 and 10 of the original sample completed this follow-up study. Pure-tone air and bone-conduction thresholds were measured bilaterally for all participants at all octave and inter-octave

Near Field Communication (NFC) Technology: The Future into Public Transport Infrastructure
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ABSTRACT NFC(Near Field Communication) is a young radio technology which finds special application in the field of mobile consumer electronics. In this paper a scenario for the integration of an electronic ticketing system into an existing public transport system based

NFCand AR Interaction in Mobile Gaming
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This thesis explores how augmented reality and near field communication can be used as means of interaction in mobile gaming. In specific three prototype games have been developed and are analysed to find new design patterns which are supported by

AN HVEM STUDY OF DISPLACEMENT CASCADE DAMAGE INNfc^ Sn AT 13 K
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ABSTRACT We have begun a series of experiments to study the defect structure pro duced by ion irradiation in the A15 superconductors. Low temperature irrad tions and microscopy are performed in the HVEM-Accelerator facility at Argoi National Laboratory. The first TEM

ji, ii Jj J iai.nfc.*
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ABSTRACT A specially developed CAMAC module for detection and rejec tion of analog pile- up in multiparameter, nuclear spectroscopy experi ments is described. The present report is a complete technical manual for the module. page I

Generic Advertising of FloridaNFC
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This paper discusses some of the issues with respect to a generic advertising program for notfrom-concentrate (NFC) orange juice (OJ) aimed at increasing Florida grower returns. The focus is on the economic environment of the OJ market and how it may impact an

THE EFFECT OF PRODUCTION AND STORAGE ON THE CONTENT OF VITAMIN C INNFCORANGE JUICE
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ABSTRACT The traditional consumption of citrus juices as a breakfast beverage has historical ties to obtaining one's daily requirement of vitamin C. Vitamin C is one of the most important vitamins found in citrus juices, including orange juice.

NFC-CAP
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NFC-CAP is a mobile phone based authentication mechanism for eBanking developed at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in partnership with Nordea. At the core of this mechanism,NFCand CAP have been used1. The latter, Chip Authentication Program (

A STATISTICAL APPROACH FOR DERIVING KEYNFCEVALUATION CRITERIA
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This study suggests 5 evaluation criteria (safety and technology, environmental impact, economic feasibility, social factors, and institutional factors) and 24 evaluation indicators for aNFC(nuclear fuel cycle) derived using factor analysis. To do so, a survey using 1 on 1

NFCTechnology and Social Networking
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ABSTRACT In todays modern world, social networking has became an inseparable part of human life. Indeed, social networking has been the story of this decade.NFCis a complementary technology that facilitates social networking in a secure way. Social

Analysis ofNFCTechnology On Most Popular Mobile Platforms
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ABSTRACT This thesis deals withNFCtechnology, its usage, features, and implementation on mobile devices. The first part describes the technology as such, its principles and used data formats. Second part introduces the four most popular mobile platforms (iOS, Android,

A mobile contactless point of sale enhanced by theNFCand biometric technologies
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NFCt ransactions become very popular as they limit the time needed for a user to pay. The advantage of this technology is often seen by considering the user's point of view. In this paper, we address the use ofNFCtransactions for the merchant side. We propose

IndirectNFC-Login
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ABSTRACT Smartcard based authentication on web services stays a niche application because of the lack of smartcard readers on the vast majority of internet devices. In this paper we discuss a method that uses anNFC-enabled Smartphone in order to login via

Near Field Communication (NFC) Technology and Measurements White Paper
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ABSTRACT Near Field Communication (NFC) is a new, short-range wireless connectivity technology that evolved from a combination of existing contactless identification and interconnection technologies. It was jointly developed by Sony and NXP Semiconductors (

Evolution of Ultrasonic Testing for End closure welds for PHWR fuel elements atNFC
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ABSTRACT The Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC), an industrial unit of Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India supplies nuclear fuel bundles and reactor core components to the nuclear power reactors. Fuel bundle employed in Indian Pressurized Heavy Water

Evaluation of E-trust forNFCapplications in Iran Transportation Organization
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ABSTRACT Undoubtedly there are different risks for customers in any modern technologies of E-commerce which may cause lack of trust including lack of contact or feeling of purchased product or perceived services, lack of simultaneous transfer of money and

NFCLike Wireless Technology for Monitoring Purposes in Scientific/Industrial Facilities
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Speaker – Poster Title (Footer) 1NFCLike Wireless Technology for Monitoring Purposes in Scientific/Industrial FacilitiesSolution Outline • The security of the communication can be assured by means of a weak wireless signal, following the same idea as inNFC.

I 2 Navi: An Indoor InteractiveNFCNavigation System for Android Smartphones
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ABSTRACT The advancement of smartphones, wireless networking and Near Field Communication (NFC) technology have opened up a new approach to indoor navigation. Although NFC technology has been used to support electronic commerce, access control,

NFC-enabled City Maps Measuring their Perceived Value
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ABSTRACT One of the most promising technologies for the future and currently much discussed is the Near Field Communication (NFC), which will most likely become the standard in mobile devices in the years to come. The usage ofNFCin tourism is a new dimension

Solutions to Near Field Communication (NFC) Vulnerabilities Against Interception Type Attacks
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ABSTRACT Mobile phones and data services usingNFC(near field communication) technologies are now starting to appear. For examples, mobile phones released by well known vendors such as Nokia, Samsung, RIM, HTC, Sony, and Huawei.NFCis a short

Loyalty Systems over Near Field Communication (NFC)
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ABSTRACT This work presents an integral and detailed alternative solution for creating and managing loyalty cards, through theNFC(Near Field Communication) technology. The concept of the solution is motivated by the fact that current loyalty solutions impose their

Attendance Automation using Near Field Communication (NFC) Technology
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ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to develop an optimized and automated attendance system using the rapidly developing near field communication technology. The test implications of this technology suggest that a technology supported attendance

A Novel Card-Present Payment Scheme usingNFCTechnology
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Executive Summary The payment industry moved from magnetic stripe cards to the EMV [1, 2, 3, 4] protocol (named after Europay, MasterCard, and Visa), over the past few years. This change in technology led to a drastic reduction in fraud through electronic payments. In

Biometric Recognition UsingNFC-enabled Smartphones
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ABSTRACT It is proposed that smartphones withNFCwill be studied as a tool to perform biometric identification and verification. Modern smartphones are equipped with various sensors, fast processors and large memory capacities and are expected to perform

Valorization of Residual Palm Fibers from Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB): Production of Nanofibrillar Cellulose (NFC) Films
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ABSTRACT The micro-fluidization technique was used to produce nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) from Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) from palm oil residual biomass. Three different types of EFB pulps were used as feedstock, namely, soda-anthraquinone (NaOH-AQ), formosolv

NFC-based Hospital Real-time Patient Management System
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Field Communication) technology can be employed for not only bringing down health care costs but also facilitate automating and streamlining patient identification processes in hospitals and use of mobile devices like PDA, smart phones, for design a health care

NFCSecurity Threats
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ABSTRACT Near Field Communication is undoubtedly an interesting technology that can open the way to new applications for the benefit of users and service providers. Most anticipated services involve some aspect of security and privacy protection and so it is important that

INDOOR LOCATION ESTIMATION USING ANNFC-BASED CROWDSOURCING APPROACH FOR BOOTSTRAPPING
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ABSTRACT Indoor location estimation, the process of reckoning the location of a device in an indoor environment, remains a technical challenge due to the poor performance of GPS in such settings. While a substantial amount of work has been done in this context,

NFCMalicious Content Sharing
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The security features of Near Field Communication (NFC) compatible mobile phones needs to be seriously revised.NFCmobile phones can communicate with otherNFCmobile phones,NFCreaders, or RFID tags in so-called smart posters, for instance to exchange of

Poster: Preliminary Investigation of anNFC-Unlock Mechanism for Android
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Protecting mobile phones with password, pins, gestures and other types of authentication mechanisms is a hot topic, since ever more sensitive information is stored on peoples' phones and the usability of current systems still leaves much to be desired [3]. New

FPGA Rapid Prototyping ofNFC-TENS for Smartphone Healthcare
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ABSTRACT With the Near Field Communication (NFC) capabilities, emerging smartphones can expand customized hardware in outside. However, the realization of such technology is still in its infancy. This paper proposes a prototyping technology ofNFCtag protocol used

Fabrication and Characterization of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA)/Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) filaments
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ABSTRACT This paper presents a new process to fabricate single polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) filaments and measures their tensile properties at variousNFCratios (0.5 to 3 wt%). The fabrication process generally contains four steps:(1)

NFCBeyond Payments-High-Level View!
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Version 1, Apr-11-12! David GW Birch Director, Consult Hyperion!NFCBeyond Payments - High-Level View! Who is Dave Birch?!Consult Hyperion are members of theNFCForum and Global Platform! Page 3.NFCPayments Case Study!NFClessons learned so far!

CONDITIONAL PRIVACY PRESERVING SECURITY PROTOCOL FORNFCAPPLICATION
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ABSTRACT The mainstay of this project is to propose a mobile ward round system based on openEHR standards for the use on smart phones and tablet computers using the Android platform which integrates and usesNFCto explore new ways of computer interaction, data

CRYPTOGRAPHY AND PROTOCOLS USED INNFC
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ABSTRACT In this paper, we will showcase different cryptography and protocols tools that are used in the Near Field Communication (NFC) aspect. It is intended to provide overview and brief introduction on the different techniques used on ensuring secure contactless

Framework forNFC-based Intelligent Agents: A Context-Awareness Enabler for Social Internet of Things
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ABSTRACT Context-aware applications are required to be aware of user context and ambient intelligent to support non-intrusive human-computer interaction. However, the uncertain of real-world environments causes it difficult for a system to perceive enough environmental

A Framework For Analyzing Digital Payment As A Multi-Sided Platform: A Study Of Three EuropeanNFCSolutions
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ABSTRACT Near Field Communication (NFC) is a promising digital payment technology that is expected to substitute cash. However, despite its potential,NFC-based payment has not reached mass adoption on the customer nor on the merchant side. This paper constructs a

Design, prototyping and evaluation of SIMpliCity: anNFCsystem for the mobility of citizens
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ABSTRACT SIMpliCity is an application developed in the RFID Lab of CATTID (Centre for the Applications of Television and for Distance Learning Techniques), research centre of Rome University La Sapienza , that helps tourists in their sightseeing around the city and

RFID andNFCTechnology: Ready for prime time?
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Technology is become increasingly prevalent and intertwined in our lives. Many bring up the question, When do we say no? Or, Where do we draw the line? While its important to acknowledge these questions and think about them, sometime it hinders promising

Implementing an SSP A2DP Bluetooth Audio Receiver UsingNFCWith TRF7970A
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TheNFCForum and the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG) recently collaborated to produce an application document entitled,NFCForum Bluetooth Secure Simple Pairing UsingNFCAppliation Document located at NFCForum-AD-BTSSP_1.0. This collaborative document is a follow

TheNFCSouth: The Atlanta Falcons, The Carolina Panthers, The New Orleans Saints, And Tampa Bay Buccaneers (Inside The N
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Title: TheNFCSouth: The Atlanta Falcons, The Carolina Panthers, The New Orleans Saints, And Tampa Bay Buccaneers (Inside The NFL) Author: Jim Logan,

Design and Development ofNFCSmartphone Indoor Interactive Navigation System
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ABSTRACT The advancement of smartphones, wireless networking and Near Field Communication technologies have opened up a new solution to indoor navigation. Although Near Field Communication

NFC-Possibilities and Risks
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ABSTRACT Near Field Communication (NFC) is an emerging close range, low bandwidth, induction based communication standard. It is already and will be more broadly integrated tightly with modern smartphones, devices and operating systems. Payment services, setup

TowardsNFCServices
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ABSTRACT One of main objectives of Ambient Intelligence is the reduction to a minimum of the user's interactive effort, the diversity and quantity of devices with which people are surrounded with, in existing environments, increase the level of difficulty to achieve this

Evaluating the eavesdropping range of varying magnetic field strengths inNFCstandards
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ABSTRACT Measurements results are presented to evaluate the distance at which a carrier signal of 13.56 MHz can be eavesdropped by a rogue antenna, which is transmitted by an inductive loop H-antenna, thus representative of a contactless payment device employing

AN INITIAL STUDY OF PROXIMITY MOBILE PAYMENT SERVICES USING NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION (NFC) IN INDONESIA
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THESIS TITLE: AN INITIAL STUDY OF PROXIMITY MOBILE PAYMENT SERVICES USING NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION (NFC) IN INDONESIA Jessica WahyuDihardja/ 1000858912technology usingNFCin Indonesia and to provide guidance on ideal mechanism which

ETHICAL CONCERNS RAISED BY USINGNFCTECHNOLOGY FOR MOBILE PAYMENTS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY
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ABSTRACT Technology develops rapidly and this continually leads to the raising of new ethical problems. Technology, like medicine, sometimes causes negative side effects. One of these emerging technologies is near field communication (NFC). This paper aims to

Classification ofNFCApplications in Diverse Service Domains
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ABSTRACT NFC(Near Field Communication) technology allows people to integrate their daily- use loyalty cards, credit cards etc. into their mobile phones. In addition to integrating those cards into mobile devices,NFCtechnology brings innovation opportunities to mobile

Integration of Near Field Communication (NFC) and Bluetooth Technology for Medical Data Acquisition System
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ABSTRACT Medical Data Acquisition System is a new invention that helps an easy and efficient data management system in medical world. This wireless system could allow medical staff to monitor and update patient's database easily and will increase the

Measuring theNFCPeer-to-Peer Data Rate
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ABSTRACT NFCis a relatively new short-range wireless technology. For bidirectional communication between twoNFCdevices, theNFCForum specifies the Peer-to-Peer (P2P) standard. Several challenges remain for exchanging data between a mobile Android

Implementation and Analysis of OpenPGP Functionality viaNFC
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The majority of Internet users send e-mails in plain text, but there are always threats regarding the confidentiality and the authenticity of an e-mail. These threats can be reduced with the help of e-mail encryption and signatures.

NFCTags
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Based onNFC, theNFCForum has created theNFCData Exchange Format (NDEF) and the NFCForum Type Tag Operations. NDEF is a data format to encapsulate and identify application data that is exchanged betweenNFC-enabled devices. One type of such a device is the

Remote relay attack on RFID access control systems usingNFCenabled devices
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ABSTRACT RFID andNFCare frequently used technologies in access control systems. Despite the use of cryptology used in access control systems, they are often still vulnerable for relay attacks. These attacks circumvent the security layer and cannot be prevented by

fNfc?\ f
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ABSTRACT Blue phase (pelagic) fingerlings of Notothenia rossii sampled nearshore were feeding primarily on small planktonic organisms sue h aseopepods. ampliipuils. fish larvae and decapod larvae. Sixty-two percent of the stomachs contained one major prey item. At

NFCSECURITY ON ANDROID DEVICES
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ABSTRACT In this paper we investigate the impact that the addition ofNFCtechnology has had on Android mobile devices. We explore theNFCspecifications and its innerworkings. We investigate the new attack vectors created, show real-world case studies of attackers

The Impact ofNFCand Knowledge on Consumer Response Toward Complex Print Advertisements
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In this era of high media clutter, advertisers frequently use a variety of ad-execution strategies to gain the attention of an increasingly fickle audience. One such strategy is to vary the level of complexity inherent in the message. To assess the efficacy of such a

Structured design concept for cross–layered protocols; applying to near field communication (NFC)
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The internet protocols, such as TCP/IP, became the de–facto standards. However, some recent communication services require more efficient and lightweight protocols. This paper focuses on the design method to provide cross–layered protocols to satisfy these needs. It

ON THE DESIGN OFNFCANTENNAS FOR CONTACTLESS PAYMENT APPLICATIONS
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Introduction: The increasing interest in using Near Field Communications (NFC) technology at 13.5 MHz is growing rapidly in the area of contactless payments, as well as numerous other applications, between devices that are within 10cm distance apart. However, there is

CA (X) aCA (X) e A/CA (X)NFC(Y/CA (X)), hCa (, t3 Cy/cA x)(aCa (X)).
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(x 1 v) Ox= x 10xyOx= x 10x. 3'ro oaaauaeT, wro Im 0x -(Y). Kaz OTMeqaJ10Cb Btatue, nolwpynna X Hea6eaIeaa, nOZTOty Hal/ercl TaKOI: I zeMerrr x 2 X, qTO Im 0x2 (1). B 3TOM csxyqae rI (Y)(1). I'IOCKOJ'IbKy [G: Y [KoHe'aen, TO FC (G)(1). CHOBa nosIyqaeM npo-

Novel wireless charging technology utilises existingNFCantennas and circuits
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the Wireless Power Consortium (WPC), have already been launched by leading phone manufacturers . A general challenge to the phone manufacturers is currently the increasing number of

Melt Compounding of Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-CO-3-hydroxyvalerate)(PHBV)/Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) Nanocomposites: Properties and Solubility of
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ABSTRACT Biodegradable nanocomposites were prepared using nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) as the reinforcement and poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate, PHBV) as the polymer matrix. PHBV powder was dispersed in water, mixed with an aqueous

Mobile Authentication withNFCenabled Smartphones
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ABSTRACT Smartphones are becoming increasingly more deployed and as such new possibilities for utilizing the smartphones many capabilities for public and private use are arising. This project will investigate the possibility of using smartphones as a platform for

Risks of UsingNFCMobile Payment: Investigating the Moderating Effect of Demographic Attributes
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ABSTRACT Prior studies indicate that perceived risk is an important determinant of the adoption of commerce-related IT innovations. However, little work has investigated how risk perceptions are formulated in consideration of different demographic attributes. Based on

TOWARDSNFCAND RFID COMBINATION TO AUTOMATIC SERVICES
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ABSTRACT The technological advancement is being part of our needs to express how important can be the detection of objects, which transmitted the identity as well as features via wireless communication, the target of ubiquitous computing is the perception computer

An Automated Biometric Attendance Management System with Dual Authentication Mechanism Based on Bluetooth andNFCTechnologies
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ABSTRACT Attendance Management System (AMS) is the easiest way to keep track of attendance for community organisations for day-to-day monitoring of attendance and manpower analysis. AMS comes in four types. These are Manual, Biometric, Card-based

Mobile Transaction overNFCand GSM
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ABSTRACT AlthoughNFCmobile services have great potential for growth, they have raised a number of issues which are of concern to researchers and are preventing the wide adoption of this technology within society. Dynamic relationships ofNFCecosystem players in an

NFC: An Overview of Protocol and Security
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NFCstands for near field communication. It is designed to be a lower power short range wireless standard.NFCuses the 13.56 MHz frequency for transmissions with bandwidth range of 14 KHz, this allows for a datarate ranging from 106kbit/s to 848kbit/s. It is also

HARVESTING REQUIREMENTS OF CITRUS JUICE PROCESSORS FORNFCAND FCOJ QUALITY
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ABSTRACT Scheduling the harvest of citrus fruit to consistently supply a processing facility during the harvest season requires constant management. Traditional harvesting methods do not allow for the mass movement of fruit from a single grove location. Daily load

Agri-Food Business Models Based onNFC
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ABSTRACT In recent times,NFCtechnology adaptations for smartphones have been increasing. This study proposes the adaptation of agri-food business models based onNFC technology and presents the basic technological characteristics ofNFC. AnNFCtag can

Light-weight Authentication Scheme for PracticalNFCmCoupon Service
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ABSTRACT Recently, smart devices have been developed using converged telecommunications. The market for near field communication (NFC) mobile services is expected to grow rapidly. TheNFCstandard is suitable for mobile coupon applications.

NFCTechnology: Today and Tomorrow
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ABSTRACT Technology in the mobile industry has been moving towards integration of Near Field Communication (NFC) technology into mobile commerce. Low estimates show that by 2014 over 150 million mobile devices will beNFCcapable. The driving force behindNFC

NFC-An Accurate Indoor Navigation System
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ABSTRACT Contactless technology now a days, is widely used in security applications including identification, payment and access control. Near Field Communication (NFC) is a short range wireless technology which uses frequency of about 13.56 MHz for

A Practical Generic Relay Attack on Contactless Transactions by UsingNFCMobile Phones
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ABSTRACT Contactless technology is widely used in security sensitive applications, including identification, payment and access-control systems. Near Field Communication (NFC) is a short-range contactless technology allowing mobile devices to act primarily as either a

Global Policy Networks' Involvement in Service Innovation. Turning the Mobile Phone into a Wallet by ApplyingNFCTechno-logy
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ABSTRACT The mobile phone attracts an increasing number of service applications enabled by technical developments. On-going efforts aim to widen the scope of mobile payments and turning the mobile phone into a wallet with the help of Near Field Technology (NFC). A

Near Field Communication (NFC) and Transit: Applications, Technology and Implementation Considerations
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Mobile devices and phones have been in use since the early 1990s, and their rapid acceptance may lead them to eclipse the use of personal computers everywhere. Powerful new handsets are attracting new customers, while mobile operators are upgrading

Experiences from interaction design forNFCapplications
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ABSTRACT Linking things in the physical world with related digital resources and content in the virtual world is one of the visions of ubiquitous computing. Radio frequency identification tags, more specificallyNFCtags, attached to the things and places in the physical world

Enhancing Security and Usability Features ofNFC
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ABSTRACT Near Field Communication (NFC) is a short range wireless communication protocol which is primarily intended to be used on mobile phones. Building upon existing infrastructure of RFID,NFCbrings simplicity for connection of mobile devices, service

Nfc
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ABSTRACT Organic volatile solvents play an incredibly important role in the synthesis, formulation, puri?cation, and manufacturing of consumer pharmaceuticals. The concerns facing the pharmaceutical industry today is the amount of solvent residuals, at the part per

NFCEnabled Smartphone Application For Instant Cognitive Support
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ABSTRACT Context: Advancement in mobile technology is truth of this Century. Mobile phone is used mainly for calling and Short Message Service, but Smartphone are advanced form of mobile phone which have multiple features. Smartphone can have Global Positioning

NFC-Enabled Wireless Charging



NFC-Enabled Wireless Charging
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ABSTRACT This paper summarizes the results of our concept development forNFC-enabled wireless charging–ie, an add-on to the existing NFC operating modes that implements chargingpower transmission andchargingpower reception with associated control


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