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OBJECT ORIENTED METRICS



Object oriented metrics
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Abstract Given the central role that software development plays in the delivery and application of information technology, managers are increasingly focusing on process improvement in the software development area. This demand has spurred the provision of

Object Oriented Metrics
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Number of classes Number of components Number of implementation subsystems Number of subsystems of subsystems Number of packages Methods per class, internal, external Attributes per class, internal, external Size of methods, Size of attributes Depth of

Object Oriented Metrics
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ABSTRACT Object Oriented Metrics is an area which is still very much under development. There is no consensus within the community on which metrics to use or how to calculate them. There are, however, many different metric suits and metrics in general available. In The object-oriented paradigm shows some peculiarities when compared with traditional software development. This is particularly apparent when one considers that object-oriented system development supports prototyping, and uses its own object-oriented programming This tutorial demonstrates how to integrate the management of the evolving software product with the software process using product and process metrics. It reviews the main existing metrics and includes extensive practical advice on implementing an effective metrics program in

Predicting maintainability with object-oriented metrics-an empirical comparison
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ABSTRACT A large number of metrics have been proposed for measuring properties of object-oriented software such as size, inheritance, cohesion and coupling. We have been investigating which of these object-oriented metrics can be used as significant predictors

Object-oriented metrics-a survey
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SUMMARY This paper presents the results derived from our survey on metrics used in object oriented environments. Our survey includes a small set of the most well known and commonly applied traditional software metrics which could be applied to object oriented

Empirical Study of Object-Oriented Metrics.
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Abstract The increasing importance of software measurement has led to development of new software measures. Many metrics have been proposed related to various constructs like class, coupling, cohesion, inheritance, information hiding and polymorphism. But there is

Software quality metrics for object-oriented environments
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Object-oriented design and development are popular concepts in today's software development environment. They are often heralded as the silver bullet for solving software problems. While in reality there is no silver bullet, object-oriented development has proved Cost metrics, which measure the cost of a project or of some project activities such as original development, maintenance, and documentation. Effort metrics, which are a subcategory of cost metrics and estimate the human part of the cost, typically measured in

Using OCL to formalize object-oriented design metrics definitions
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Abstract This paper describes the formalization effort of different sets of object-oriented metrics definitions using the Object Constraint Language (OCL), a part of the Unified Modeling Language (UML) standard. The formalization is based upon the UML meta-

Towards maintainability metrics on software architecture: An adaptation of object-oriented metrics
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ABSTRACT Software architecture is an important means to improve the qualities of software systems. The software architecture set the boundaries for software qualities of the resulting systems. In this paper we present a set of software architecture metrics, that we have

Using object-oriented metrics for automatic design flaws detection in large scale systems
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In the last decade the object-oriented paradigm has decisively influenced the world of software engineering. On the other hand, in spite of the large acceptance of this paradigm, at the beginning, the design principles and the intimate mechanisms of object-orientation

Beyond language independent object-oriented metrics: Model independent metrics
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ABSTRACT Software Metrics have become essential in software engineering for several reasons, among which quality assessment and reengineering. In the context of the European Esprit Project FAMOOS, whose main goal was to provide methodologies for the

An empirical evaluation of object oriented metrics in industrial setting
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Advances in distributed object technologies (eg, the Common Object Request Broker Architecture [15] and the Enterprise Java Bean Specification [19]) dramatically impact the development process of distributed software applications. In particular, time for providing

Software defects and object oriented metrics-an empirical analysis
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ABSTRACT Object Oriented design, today, is becoming more popular in software development environment. Object oriented measurements are being used to evaluate and predict the quality of software. Because of the need of Object Oriented software and high

A novel approach to formalize object-oriented design metrics
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Abstract Despite the extensive and solid research literature on Object-Oriented Design Metrics (OOD Metrics), a recent survey that was conducted to assess the exploitation of metrics collection and analysis in the design phase within the software industry in Sweden

Evaluating the impact of different types of inheritance on the object oriented softwaremetrics
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Abstract: Object Oriented Metrics plays a pivotal role in the development of fault free software product. Object Oriented Metrics are mainly designed for Object Oriented Systems which are based on the principles of Localization, Abstraction, Encapsulation, Information

Software quality estimation through object oriented design metrics
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Summary Software metrics are required to measure quality in terms of software performance and reliability related characteristics like dependencies, coupling and cohesion etc. It provides a way to measure the progress of code during development and having direct

Candidate reuse metrics for object oriented and Ada software
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Abstract: Reuse of existing software components plays an important role in increasing the quality of software products and the productivity of software development. The measurement of levels of software reuse is necessary to monitor improvements in software reuse. This

Formal definition of object-oriented design metrics
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Abstract Software measurement has become essential to good Software Engineering. However, most published works on software engineering concentrate on the coding activity. As quality indicators and predictors of structural problems, metrics should be available as

Comparing complexity in accordance with object oriented metrics
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ABSTRACT Metrics are essential in software engineering for measuring software complexity, quality, estimating size and project effort. The major techniques for software cost estimation are sizing or predication of various kinds of software deliverable items. The cost

On the impact of aspect-oriented programming on object-oriented metrics
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Abstract. Aspect-oriented programming is a new paradigm designed to fulfill the limitations of object-oriented programming regarding separation of concerns. The advent of a new paradigm requires software engineers to define new metrics and quality models to

Mathematical validation of object-oriented class cohesion metrics
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Abstract:Class cohesion is an object-oriented software quality attribute and refers to the extent to which the members of a class are related. Software developers use class cohesion measures to assess the quality of their products and to guide the restructuring of poorly ABSTRACT p In this correspondence, we point out some discrepancies in a correspondence published in this journal recently by Gursaran and Roy. Due to the discrepancies, the central two theorems and two corollaries claimed in that

A data model for object-oriented design metrics
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A common approach to improving the run-time performance of a software system is to measure various run-time properties of the components of the system to find bottlenecks" that account for the majority of the time cost of the system. By analogy, a promising

An overview of Object Oriented Design Metrics
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ABSTRACT Object oriented design is becoming more popular in software development environment and object oriented design metrics is an essential part of software environment. This study focus on a set of object oriented metrics that can be used to measure the quality

Analyzing the software quality metrics for object oriented technology
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Abstract: Metrics are units of measurement. Software engineering metrics are units of measurement that are used to characterize the software engineering products and software engineering processes. Object-oriented design and development is becoming very

Empirical Analysis of Object-Oriented Design Metrics: Towards a New Metric Using Control Flow Paths and Probabilities.
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Abstract A large number of object-oriented metrics have been proposed in literature. They are used to assess different software attributes. However, it is not obvious for a developer or a project manager to select the metrics that are more useful. Furthermore, these metrics

Optimization of Object-Oriented Design using Coupling Metrics
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ABSTRACT In spite of large acceptance of object-oriented paradigm, many programmers don't have a firm grip on the design principles and the intimate mechanisms of object- orientation and this result into to a lot of poor designed large scale OO systems. Coupling

Review of complexity metrics for object oriented software products
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Abstract It is widely accepted that sizing or predicting the volumes of various kinds of software deliverable items is one of the first and most dominant aspects of software cost estimating. Most of the cost estimation model or techniques usually assume that software

Application of Neural Networks for Estimating Software Maintainability Using Object-Oriented Metrics.
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Abstract This paper presents the application of neural networks in software maintainability estimation using objectoriented metrics. Maintenance effort can be measured as the number of lines changed per class. In this paper, the number of lines changed per class (

Object oriented metrics analysis for implementation of authentication in smart card based E-Governance mechanism
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ABSTRACT The gradual scientific enhancements have made the present day society highly technology dependent in nature. To attend this community, now days the state owned agencies are extensively using ICT based governance mechanism called Electronic

Integrating an object-oriented metrics tool into SNiFF+
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Crocodile's approach is to use the parsed data from SNiFF's symbol table for extracting a basic set of structural program properties. This symbol table always contains the up-to-date data like classes, inheritances and references of the currently open software project.

Reusability Metrics for Object-Oriented System: An Alternative Approach
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Abstract Object-oriented metrics plays an import role in ensuring the desired quality and have widely been applied to practical software projects. The benefits of object-oriented software development increasing leading to development of new measurement Summary. The importance of software-quality classification models which can predict the modules to be faulty, or not, based on certain software product metrics has increased. Such target improvement efforts to those modules that need it the

A Comparative Study of Static Object Oriented Metrics
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Abstract Software metrics is one consistent topic of research in software engineering. The role of software metrics is to find significant estimates for software products and directs us in intriguing managerial and technical decisions. Software metrics have become an integral

Inheritance Metrics for Object-Oriented Design
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ABSTRACT The inheritance metrics give us information about the inheritance tree of the system. Inheritance is a key feature of the Object-Oriented (OO) paradigm. This mechanism supports the class hierarchy design and captures the IS-A relationship between a super

A Validation of Object-Oriented Design Metrics
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Abstract This paper presents the results of a study conducted at the University of Maryland in which we experimentally investigated the suite of Object-Oriented (O0) design metrics introduced by [ChidamberKemerer, I994]. In order to do this, we assessed these metrics

Using coupling metrics for change impact analysis in object-oriented systems
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Abstract. The development of software products consumes a lot of time and resources. On the other hand, these development costs are lower than maintenance costs, which represent a major concern, specially, for systems designed with recent technologies. Systems

Comparison of Object-Oriented and Paradigm Independent Software Complexity Metrics
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Abstract Structural complexity metrics play important role in modern software engineering. Testing, bug-fixing and maintenance covers more and more percentage of the software lifecycle. The cost of software maintenance is mostly depends on the structural complexity

JBOOMT: Jade Bird Object-Oriented Metrics Tool
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Abstract: Focusing on software productivity and software quality control has spurred the research on software metrics technology. The increasing importance being placed on object- oriented software development has led to the research on the object-oriented software

Identification of nominated classes for software refactoring using object-oriented cohesionmetrics
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Abstract The production of well-developed software reduces the cost of the software maintainability. Therefore, many software metrics have been developed to measure the quality of the software design. Measuring class cohesion is considered as one of the most

Object-oriented software metrics
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Abstract Quality assurance is one of the important software requirernents which many softulare products fail to satisfy. Current softvlare market is driuen mostly by urgency and competition. This poses a serious problem to soffuiare quality assurance,

Reliability and Maintainability of Software using object oriented metrics by artificial neural network
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Abstract Software maintenance is a last and an important phase of SDLC after designing, coding and testing which make software more reliable and usable. On this behalf maintainability always act as the most essential and challenging component in the

Design metrics for object-oriented software systems
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AHF and MHF are a measure of the use of the information hiding concept that is supported by the encapsulation mechanism. Information hiding should be used to: cope with complexity by looking at complex components such as black boxes reduce" side-effects"

Testability of Object-Oriented systems: a Metrics-based approach
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When I first saw the 'Uzumaki'drawing, it struck me how well it captured my state of mind at the beginning of the work on this thesis. The topic I had chosen to explore appeared to be huge and very difficult, and many things of interest were scattered throughout it. I was

New Quality Inheritance Metrics for Object-Oriented Design
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Abstract Metrics are used to help a software engineer in quantitative analysis to assess the quality of the design before a system is built. Object-Oriented (OO) design is becoming more popular in software development environment and OO design metrics are essential parts

Object-Oriented Static and Dynamic Software Metrics for Design and Complexity
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SYNOPSIS Software metrics are used to measure software engineering products (design, source code etc.), processes (analysis, design, coding, testing etc.) and professionals (efficiency or productivity of an individual designer). If used properly, software engineering

Object-Oriented Software Design Metrics
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Object-orientation is not a panacea for successful system development as noted in [Jacobson92]. The shift from craftsmanship to industrialism must come on a more fundamental level that also includes the organization of the complete development

Investigations on the properties of object-oriented software metrics
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Abstract This paper presents basic methods to analyze the properties of ob jectoriented software metrics. The metrics are characterized with several concatenation operations on different levels of abstraction. Metrics can thereby be interpreted above the ordinal scale

Metrics identification for measuring object oriented software quality
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Abstract:In the modern era many object-oriented quality suites exists for assessing software quality against features of object-oriented design and as well as against the factors of evaluating quality. This paper presents a review of quality metrics suites namely, MOOD

Effective Implementation of Agile Practices-Object Oriented Metrics tool to Improve Software Quality
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ABSTRACT Maintaining the quality of the software is the major challenge in the process of software development. Software inspections which use the methods like structured walkthroughs and formal code reviews involve careful examination of each and every

Quality Metrics Tool for Object Oriented Programming
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Abstract:Metrics measure certain properties of a software system by mapping them to numbers (or to other symbols) according to well-defined, objective measurement rules. Design Metrics are measurements of the static state of the project's design and also used

Design and Development of a Procedure for new Object-Oriented Design Metrics
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ABSTRACT This paper introduces a procedure that has been developed for evaluating an object-oriented design of a system that involves many classes. This approach involves two new metrics called Total Class Metric (TCM) and Total System Metric (TSM) that assess

Analysis of object Oriented Metrics
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Abstract Now a days Software development plays vital role in the world. We focus on process improvement has increased the demand for software measures, or metrics with which to manage the process. Measurement is fundamental to any engineering discipline.

Extension of Object-Oriented Metrics Suite for Software Maintenance
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Software developers require information to understand the characteristics of systems, such as complexity and maintainability. In order to further understand and determine characteristics of object-oriented (OO) systems, this paper describes research that

A new structural complexity metrics applied to Object Oriented design reliability assessment
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Abstract In avionics domain, the software applications grew to one million of source lines of code representing important development expenditures. To cut the costs, the avionics suppliers are studying the potential use of new software approaches such as Object-

Object-oriented design metrics using UML class diagrams
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ABSTRACT In this paper, a brief survey of object-oriented design considerations is discussed. A software design metric approach, known as Factor-Criteria-Measurement, is enhanced to adopt the use of Unified Modeling Language (UML) class diagrams to derive

Validating object-oriented class cohesion metrics mathematically
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Abstract:-Class cohesion refers to the extent to which the members of a class are related. Several class cohesion metrics are proposed in the literature to indicate class cohesion and a few of them are mathematically validated against the necessary properties of class

Theoretical validation of object-oriented lack-of-cohesion metrics
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Abstract:-Class cohesion refers to the degree of relatedness of class attributes and methods. Software developers use class cohesion measure to assess the quality of their products and to guide the restructuring of poorly designed classes. Several class cohesion metrics are

A Maintainability Estimation Model and Metrics for Object-Oriented Design (MOOD)
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Abstract:Maintainability is that phase which may help the designer for improving the quality of the software system before deliver to a customer. This paper uses a multivariate linear model, which estimates the maintainability of a class diagram in the term of reliability,

A Hybrid Metrics Suite for Evaluating Object-Oriented Design
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ABSTRACT Software quality metrics are very crucial in software development. As a result, many metrics suites were proposed by various researchers and practitioners to measure and assess software quality. Most of those exisitng suites captures specific dimension of

A Complete and Comprehensive Metrics Suite for Object-Oriented Design Quality Assessment
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Abstract In software engineering, almost for the past three and a half decades, software measurements and metrics have been the subject of a variety of criticisms and many software metrics are proposed and given with inadequate methods for implementation

Object Oriented Software Testability (OOSTe) Metrics Analysis
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Abstract: One of the core quality assurance feature which combines fault prevention and fault detection, is often known as testability approach also. There are many assessment techniques and quantification method evolved for software testability prediction which

Software quality metrics for object oriented systems
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Abstract In this thesis I'm going to analyze the concept of software quality and how it is viewed by different types of software developers in Data Defense. I will develop or find a tool that can extract and compute different software metrics and make a translation

Estimation of Software Quality using Object Oriented Design Metrics
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ABSTRACT: In software development industry the steps towards corrective actions for successful software development process comes too late resulting in ineffectiveness, late delivery, over budget and poor quality with reduced capabilities. An early estimation

Empirical Validation of Object-Oriented Metrics to Predict Fault Proneness Using Open Source Software
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Summary:[This abstract is based on the authors' abstract.] Several companies are funding open source software development because it is relevant to their work. It is therefore important to measure open source software for quality and reliability. This article examines

Design based Object-Oriented Metrics to Measure Coupling and Cohesion
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Abstract: The object oriented design and object oriented development environment are currently popular in software organizations due to the object oriented programming languages. As the object oriented technology enters into software organizations, it has

An Overview of Various Object Oriented Metrics
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Abstract: This paper gives the different type of metrics used in object oriented environments. Our survey includes a set of various object oriented metrics ie those designed specifically for object oriented programming. We believe that these metrics have significant

Empirical Validation of Object-Oriented Metrics Using Discriminant Analysis for Object-Oriented Systems
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Summary:[This abstract is based on the authors' abstract.] The discriminate analysis method is used to validate the results of a study based on a NASA data set that predicted fault proneness when the severity of faults is taken into account. Performance of the methods

Inter Project Validation for Change Proneness Prediction using Object Oriented Metrics
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Abstract-Developing prediction models for determining change prone classes of a software is a significant upcoming research area. Such models help usin effective and efficient resource utilization during maintenance phase. A crucial step in developing these

Analyzing the complexity of Java programs using object-oriented software metrics
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Abstract Object-oriented technology has rapidly become accepted as the preferred paradigm for large-scale system design. With the help of this technology we can develop software product of higher quality and lower maintenance cost. It is evident that the

The validation by measurement theory of proposed object-oriented software metrics
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Abstract Moving software development into the engineering arena requires controllability, and to control a process, it must be measurable. Measuring the process does no good if the product is not also measured, ie, being the best at producing an inferior product does not

Formalizing Object-Oriented Design Metrics upon the UML Meta-Model
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Abstract This paper discusses the formalization effort of object-oriented design metrics definitions and presents some concrete examples, developed upon the UML meta-model. The Object Constraint Language (OCL), a part of the Unified Modeling Language (UML)

A review of Coupling and Cohesion metrics in Object Oriented Environment
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Abstract-Software metrics are used to check and evaluate various aspects of the complexity of a software product. Coupling and Cohesion are considered to be the most important attributes. The increasing need for software quality measurements has led to extensive

Object-Oriented Inheritance Metrics in the Context of Cognitive Complexity
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Abstract. It is important to identify modules that are fault prone or exhibit evidence of high cognitive complexity as these modules require corrective actions such as increased source code inspection, refactoring or performing more exhaustive testing. This can lead to a

Enhanced Software Quality Metrics for Fault Prediction in Object Oriented Components using SVM Classifier
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Summary. Software quality metrics are defined as methods for quantitatively determining the extent to which an object oriented (OO) software process possess a certain quality attribute. Increase in software complexity and size is increasing the demand for new metrics to

An Empirical Investigation of the Influence of Object Oriented Design Quality Metrics on the Package Maintainability of Open Source Software
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Abstract:Software maintenance is an important issue for both proprietary and free/open source software. Since Object Oriented methodology is predominantly used in developing the open source software, it is increasingly important to study this issue in the context of

Metrics for object oriented design (MOOD) to assess Java programs
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Abstract: MOOD metrics are well known metrics used to measure some characteristics of the Object-Oriented programs. In this research, a system, based on the MOOD, has been developed to evaluate and grade Java programs. The interval of each MOOD metrics has

Theoretical Validation of Cohesion Metrics in Object Oriented Systems
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ABSTRACT One of the fundamental concepts of object-oriented (OO) systems is to build high quality software especially in the software industry. Therefore, the software developed using this paradigm is expected to be more reliable, easier to maintain, and more likely to

A METRICS-BASED APPROACH TO THE AUTOMATED IDENTIFICATION OF OBJECT-ORIENTED
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Software reuse has been a long term goal of software developers. This goal has been rather elusive, but the widespread use of the object-oriented paradigm and other innovations in software development paradigms have led to renewed interest in this topic. This

DETECTION OF BAD SMELLS IN SOURCE CODE ACCORDING TO THEIR OBJECT ORIENTED METRICS
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Abstract: Refactoring is a technique for improving software structure without changing its behavior which can be used toremove bad smells and increases software maintainability Code smells are structural characteristics of software that may indicate a code or design

The Analysis of Object-Oriented Metrics in C++ Programs
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Abstract:Software metrics play a very important role to develop good quality software. In today's software development, object-oriented (OO) languages are used due to their basic features like class, object, information hiding, inheritance, encapsulation, abstraction and

Quality Model based on Object-oriented Metrics and Naive Bayes
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Software quality engineering is a field in software engineering specializing on improving the approach to software quality on different software artifacts such as object-oriented analysis models, object-oriented design models, and object-oriented implementation models.

A SURVEY OF OBJECT ORIENTED COUPLING METRICS
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ABSTRACT Object-oriented design and development is becoming very popular in today's software development environment. Object oriented development requires not only a different approach to design and implementation, it requires a different approach to

Fault Prediction Modeling using Object-Oriented Metrics: An Empirical Study
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Abstract Software testing is an area where software products are examined through a series of verification and validation processes respectively. This phase of software development carries out the process of detection and removal of software faults. But this detection and

Design pattern-enabled object-oriented metrics
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Applying Object Oriented Metrics to C# (C Sharp) programs
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Abstract: Object-oriented technology is becoming increasingly popular in industrial software development environments. This technology helps in the development of a software product of higher quality and lower maintenance costs. Since the traditional software metrics aims

METRICS FOR ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF MODULARIZATION OF OBJECT-ORIENTEDSOFTWARE
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ABSTRACT The goal of Object Oriented Software (OOS) is to develop applications that have high quality. Applications that have high quality are more stable and maintainable. In order to assess and improve the quality of an application during the maintenance phase, a

Object-oriented metrics for Java programs
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Abstract A key aspect of software metrics, are dependencies. That is, how different classes and packages make use of each other to construct a program. Object-oriented metrics allow these dependencies to be analyzed and give an overview of how stable and healthy the

COMPARISON OF COGNITIVE SPATIAL COMPLEXITY METRICS WITH SIZE ORIENTED METRICS FOR OBJECT ORIENTED SOFTWARE
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ABSTRACT One of the central problems in software engineering is the inherited complexity. Since the software is the result of human creative activities, cognitive informatics plays an important role in understanding the fundamental characteristics of software. Spatial

The Relationship Between Code Based Object Oriented System Design Metrics and Product Quality
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Abstract Code based measurements are frequently used by practitioners during software development. This study examines code based measurements for object oriented systems from the perspective of a software development manager. Based on past research a

Two-phase Automated Software Measure Approach From Class Diagram Design to Object-Oriented Metrics
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Abstract: Object-Oriented Metrics (OOM) is important for the Object-Oriented software. However, it is too difficult to measure the metric point values of OOM manually, and it is also too late to measure them after Object-Oriented programming. This paper presents an

A comparative study on different object oriented metrics
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ABSTRACT At present a huge research is going on software metric quality issues. Object- oriented modeling and design is a way of thinking about problems using models organized around real-world concepts. Various object oriented metrics with other metrics like For this task, Eurocontrol uses an automated real-time system (Maastricht Automated Dataprocessor, MADAP). The system was developed in the late 60's and was first used in 1972. The system will undergo a stepwise re-engineering and modemisation programme

A Survey on Different Approaches of Determining Cohesion Based Object Oriented Metrics
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Abstract: Object Oriented (OO) metrics play a key role in determining the efficiency of the code being developed under OO approaches. Cohesion is one of the widely used measures applied for the determination of important factors including reusability, maintainability and

Optimization of Object-Oriented Metrics Using Hopfield Neural Network
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Abstract-This paper examined the application of Artificial neural network for software quality prediction using objectoriented metrics. Quality estimation include estimating maintainability of software. In this study maintenance effort was chosen as the dependent variable and

An Axiomatic Evaluation of Software Complexity Metrics for Prototype based Object Oriented Systems
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Abstract: Traditional Software metrics are both tangible such as LOC and intangible such as Amount of Effort and Software Engineering experience etc. For contextual and intangible metrics, it is generally assumed that these metrics can be generalized over a universal set

Extended Abstract An Object-Oriented Metrics Suite for Ada 95
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Though the demand for software continues to increase, software development, however, continues to be a time-consuming, expensive and error-prone process. Little progress has been made in greatly improving the software development process. What gains have

Evaluating Maintenance of Ant Apache Project Using Object-Oriented Metrics
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Abstract:The increasing use of object-oriented paradigm has proposed new challenges to measuring the software. Traditional software metrics, like lines of code, have seen to be incapable of measuring the attributes of object-oriented programs. This has lead to

OBJECT-ORIENTED METRICS SUITES COMPLEXITY: A SURVEY
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A critical distinction between software engineering and other better established branches of engineering is the shortage of well-accepted measures, or metrics, of software development. The question is why is software (engineering) measurement so problematic One answer

Study of System Behaviour for Object Oriented Systems using Metrics
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The Software Engineering makes an effort to improve performance and lower cost of the software through implementing of both formal and informal principles of design and analysis as well project management. The modern large computer system posses both large

A metrics-based comparative study on object-oriented programming languages
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Abstract:There has been a long debate on which programming language can help write better object-oriented programs. However, to date little response is given to this issue with empirical evidence. In this paper, we perform a comparative study on C++, C#, and Java

Assessing and Interpreting Object-Oriented Software Complexity with Structured and Independent Metrics.
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Abstract: Object-oriented software complexity is difficult to assess due to its manifold influences from cognition science or algorithmic complexity theory. A practical process for a structured complexity assessment is presented in this paper. It starts with considerations

A Review of Object-Oriented Coupling and Cohesion Metrics
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ABSTRACT Software metrics are essential to improve the quality of software during the development process. Coupling and cohesion measures are used in various activities such as impact analysis, assessing the fault proneness of classes, fault prediction,

Analysis of Object Oriented Design Quality Metrics
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ABSTRACT: Metrics (quantitative estimates of product and project properties) can, if defined from sound engineering principles, be a precious tool for both project management and software development The purpose of this paper is to evaluate if software metrics can be

Performance Evaluation of Procedural Metrics and Object Oriented Metrics
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Abstract: Software metrics are widely accepted tools to control and assure software quality. A large number of software metrics with a variety of content can be found in the literature. Software metrics are widely accepted tools to control and assure software quality. A large

A Complexity Measure Based Object-Oriented Software Metrics
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ABSTRACT A key task in software engineering is the ability to estimate the cost and time to deliver. There are many characteristics of software projects that can be measured, one of the parameters affecting those, is the complexity of it. The relationships between complexity

An Empirical investigation into metrics for object-oriented software
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Abstract Object-Oriented methods have increased in popularity over the last decade, and are now the norm for software development in many application areas. Many claims were made for the superiority of object-oriented methods over more traditional methods, and

Identifying Clone Based Refactoring with Object Oriented Metrics Approach
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Abstract:This research paper presents the method to detect the accuracy level of code clone by using database of Object Oriented metrics. For this the technique used is Logistic Regression ie UBR (Univariate Binary Regression) and MLR and Multivariate Logistic

Software Metrics and Object-Oriented System Evolution1
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Page 1. Software Metrics and Object-Oriented System Evolution1 Wei Li Computer Science Department University of Alabama in Huntsville Huntsville, AL 35899 wli@cs.uah.edu

Prediction of Software Maintenance Effort of Object Oriented Metrics Based Commercial Systems
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ABSTRACT The software systems really advanced and seize with problems on their maintenance. The software maintenance work is presently one in every one of the foremost tough, time-consuming, expensive and costly tasks in the software development life cycle.

OBJECT ORIENTED METRICS IN SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT
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ABSTRACT: Object-oriented design and development has become a popular way of software development. Object oriented development requires not only a different approach to design and development which needs a different approach to software metrics. As an

Estimating Web Service interface complexity and quality through conventional object-oriented metrics.
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Abstract. Historically, software engineers have conceived metric suites as valuable tools to estimate the quality of their software artifacts. Recently, a fresh computing paradigm called Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) has emerged at the crossing of massively distributed

Investigating the Effect of Object-oriented Metrics on Fault Proneness Using Empirical Analysis
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Abstract This paper presents an innovative metric based on a class abstraction to capture aspects of software complexity through combinations of class characteristics. The study also used software metrics effectiveness in finding the classes in different error categories for

Effectiveness of Coupling Metrics in Identifying Change-Prone Object-Oriented Classes
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Abstract-This paper empirically evaluate the effectiveness of a set of coupling metrics, identified in a literature survey, as early indicators of change-prone classes from one release to the next in object-oriented software evolution process. Several hypotheses were tested,

An Analytical Study of Object-Oriented Metrics (A Survey)
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Abstract: The OO metrics are plays an important role in the software development. In this paper we are mostly focus on a set of OO metrics that can be used to measure the quality and effectiveness of an OO design. The metrics for OO design focus on measurements

The Validation by Measurement Theory of Proposed Object-Oriented Software Metrics
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Abstract Moving software development into the engineering arena requires controllability, and to control a process, it must be measurable. Measuring the process does no good if the product is not also measured, ie, being the best at producing an inferior product does not

Reusability metrics



Inheritance Hierarchy Based Reuse Reusability Metrics in OOSD
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Abstract:Reuse and reusability are two major aspects in object oriented software which can be measured from inheritance hierarchy. Reusability is the prerequisite of reuse but both may or may not be measured using same metric. This paper characterizes metrics of

Reusability Metrics for Object-Oriented System: An Alternative Approach
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Abstract Object-oriented metrics plays an import role in ensuring the desired quality and have widely been applied to practical software projects. The benefits of object-oriented software development increasing leading to development of new measurement

Estimation of Component Reusability through Reusability Metrics
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Component-Based Software (CBS). The component reusability is an important assess for the effective reuse of components in CBS. The attributes of reusability proposed by various researchers are studied and four of them are identified as potential factors affecting

Applying Fuzzy Rules in Component Reusability Evaluation Metrics
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ABSTRACT Software component evaluation becomes popular due to the benefits of software reuse and the availability of many alternatives of reusable components. By having the component evaluation results for the existing software components, software


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