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Design of a Manually Operated Paper-Recycling Machine
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Abstract A manually operated paper-recycling machine was designed and fabricated. This was done to enable waste paper conversion into useful product. The fabricated plant consists of six major component units that include the disc refiner, the hydropulper, the

Paper recycling challenge
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ABSTRACT A research program on deinking is being conducted at the University of Utah in order to improve deinking efficiency for fiber recovery from mixed office wastepaper. Progress made during the past three years is briefly reviewed. Achievements in the area

The effects of paper recycling and its environmental impact
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It is well known the paper production (likewise the other brands of industry) has enormous effects on the environment. The using and processing of raw materials has a variety of negative effects on the environment. At the other hand there are technologies which can moderate the

Does international harmonization of environmental policy instruments make economic sense: The case of paper recycling in Europe
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Abstract Harmonization of the instruments used in environmental policy has been considered necessary to guarantee fair competition in international markets. We investigate alternative policy measures for promoting paper recycling in seven European countries

Quality requirements in graphic paper recycling
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Paper recycling has a long history. The use of recovered paper in white grades received a boost since the 1970s, with the introduction and spreading of flotation deinking. The paper analyzes two main aspects related to the quality of recovered paper for deinking: one is

Isolation of cellulolytic fungi from waste paper gradual recycling materials
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Recycling plants convert waste paper into pulp and subsequently into paper (cartoon), mainly tissue paper products. Materials taken from the gradual recycling process were analysed as a source of screening of high cellulase producers. The plate-clearing assay

An alternate to waste paper recycling; mushroom cultivation
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ABSTRACT In this study which P. ostreaus mushroom's cultivation has been studied on waste paper and husk rice additionally investigated effect on yield on early-rising. In the scope of study, waste of paper has been used as main substrate where as waste of husk

How to prevent paper recycling
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Although recycling paper in the com-munity may be a valued practice, the recycling of term papers by students is a highly unethical action and a problem that is growing to epidemic proportions. The Internet has taken the old term paper mills to a new level of convenience,

North American paper recycling situation and pulpwood market interactions
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Abstract This paper describes key aspects of the North American paper recycling situation focusing on market interactions between paper recycling and pulpwood markets. Consumption of both recycled paper and pulpwood increased in the United States and

Fuzzy-neural network model for effective control of profitability in a paper recycling plant
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ABSTRACT This research develops a fuzzy-neural network model, using AI technologies and applies the model for effective control of profitability in paper recycling to improve production accuracy, reliability, robustness and to maximize profit generated by an

Optimizing alkaline sizing in sugar cane bagasse paper recycling
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It was observed that a lower amount of AKD was required to reach the water absorption objective (measured by the Cobb120 test), as it progresses during the papermaking cycles, and also that good properties in liner and fluting paper could be attained in spite of the

Fuzzy Inference System for Control of Profitability in Paper recycling plant: Mamdani's Design approach
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ABSTRACT As the demand for materials continues to grow and the supply of natural resources continues to dwindle, recycling of materials has become more important in order to ensure sustainability. Recycling reduces greenhouse gas emissions that may lead to

Closing the material loops Paper recycling in Germany Europe
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Closing the material loops Paper recycling in Germany Europe State of the art, approaches and impacts The recycling background Waste paper flow and recycling terms State of the art of paper collection and recycling

Graphic paper recycling markets and quality requirements
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Page 1. Graphic Paperrecycling markets and quality requirements COST E48 Final Conference 6 May 2009 Munich Andreas Faul Page 31. Removal of adhesive applications in a paper recycling process The most efficient process step is mechanical separation by slotted

North American pulp and paper model: Market trends, technological changes and impacts of accelerated paper recycling
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SUMMARY The North American Pulp and Paper Model (NAPAP Model) is a recent modeling development. The model is designed to project the evolution of markets and technology of the pulp and paper sector in the United States and Canada. The model

Investigation of mono-isopropylnaphthalene, di-isopropylnaphthalene and tri-isopropylnaphthalene in the environment around the paper recycling plant
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Abstract Mono-Isopropylnaphthalene (MIPN), Di-Isopropylnaphthalene (DIPN) and Tri- Isopropylnaphthalene (TIPN) have been widely used for PCBs substitutes. The concentration and the fingerprints of their isomers in the environment around the paper

The Limits of Paper Recycling an European Approach to Identify and Extend the Limits ofPaper Recycling
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Paper recycling has now been practised for many decades in numerous countries across the world. The paper industry is counted among those branches who almost perfectly meet the expectations of society with respect to the sustainability of their raw material base, the

Involvement of people with disabilities in hand-sorting, reuse and recycling of different solid waste fractions: A case study on waste paper and WEEE for the
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ABSTRACT: Any long-term physical or mental disabilities are an important parameter of a population's health and quality of life. In EU15, people with disabilities represented a significant part of overall population, whereas in Greece this percentile is the smallest in

Analysis of Technology and Infrastructure of the Paper Recycling Industry in New York City
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Executive Summary The objective of this study was to examine the technology and infrastructure of paper recycling in New York City and devise ways for increasing paper recovery. At present,residential wastepaper is collected as a separate stream by the

Recycling of commingled plastics waste containing polyvinylchloride, polypropylene, polyethylene and paper
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(*) To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: f. farahmand@ ippi. ac. ir waste- to-energy recovery is used in a number of countries, which are feard of pollution. Another solution that is currently being developed is pyrolysis. A number of companies are now

Effects of beating and recycling on strength of pulp fibers and paper
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ABSTRACT The effects of beating and recycling treatment on strength of pulp fibers and handsheets were ascertained in this study. The zero-span tensile strength of handsheets, which corresponds to strength of fibers as such, tended to increase by beating and

Recycling of impregnated decor paper in particleboard
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Abstract The effect of recycling dried impregnated paper in particleboard production was studied. The results of these experiments showed that by adding crushed impregnated paper the strength of the particleboards can be increased or the same board properties

Recycling of waste paper sludge in cements: characterization and behavior of new eco-efficient matrices
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The pulp and paper industry, in Europe, generates 11 million tons of solid waste each year (Monte et al., 2009). Paper waste covers a diverse range of non-hazardous waste streams, prominent among which are different types of sludge, boiler ash, combustion furnace ash

Design of a Manually Operated Paper-Recycling Machine
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Abstract A manually operated paper-recycling machine was designed and fabricated. This was done to enable waste paper conversion into useful product. The fabricated plant consists of six major component units that include the disc refiner, the hydropulper, the

USDA Forest Products Laboratory Pulp and Paper Pilot Plant and Recycling Activities
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ABSTRACT The USDA Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) Pulp and Paper Pilot Plant provides companies and research organizations the opportunity to collaborate with federal and university recycling experts on research into every stage of paper recycling, from

Paper Recycling in the United States and Beyond: An Update
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In the not-too-distant past it was commonplace to landfill old newspapers, used office paper, worn-out cardboard boxes, and other paper and paperboard products. Recycling initiatives, combined with an expanding 'recycling mindset', have changed much of how we think

Adhesives and tapes designed to be less detrimental to paper recycling
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Paper recycling, which is the reuse of consumer or pre-consumer waste paper, is not a new invention because waste paper was reused in the Thirteenth Century. Not only have technical conditions changed during the centuries, but also the motives for recycling. Early

Improving the paper recycling process of old corrugated container wastes
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Recycling of waste paper is a reasonable response to continuity of raw material in the paper industry, as well as to environmental concerns. However, the quality of recycled pulp and the efficiency of the process are of great importance. Benefitting from emerging technologies

LCAS OF PAPER PRODUCTS-WHAT CAN THEY TELL US ABOUT THE SUSTAINABILTY OFRECYCLING
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Abstract This paper considers the extent to which LCA studies can be useful in comparing the sustainability of waste paper recycling and energy recovery options. The concept of sustainability is reviewed and the elements required for its analysis are identified. This is

Paper Recycling--State-of--t~ e-Art and Future Dfrections
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We have identified two major impediments for paper recycle. First, old newsprint often cannot be deinked adequately prior to its recycle into new newsprint to permit high quality standards to be met. We have been developing a deinking-process based partly on the The utilisation of used, post-consumption material for the production of paper looks back on a long tradition. In a historical perspective the production of paper was based on rags and other used textile materials before fibre generated from wood-first mechanically then by

Natural Surfactants for Flotation Deinking in Paper Recycling
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ABSTRACT The objective of this research was to evaluate new types of surfactants based on renewable materials (sugar and protein-based surfactants) for use in ink removal from recycled paper via flotation deinking. By applying green chemistry approaches we aim to

Waste paper recycling: economic and environmental impacts
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Abstract The Optimal Fibre Flow-model, a combined optimization and simulation model, calculates the optimal combination of energy recovery and recycling of waste paper for paper and board production. In addition, the environmental impact is estimated by using

On International Harmonization of Policy Instruments to Promote Paper Recycling in Europe
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Abstract Harmonization of the instruments used in environmental policy has been considered necessary to guarantee fair competition in international markets. We investigate alternative policy measures for promoting paper recycling in seven European countries

The concept of stickies exposure for paper recycling processes
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SUMMARY: Fragments of converting adhesive films (namely stickies) are the cause of severe runability problems in paper recycling processes. These tacky particles are picked- up by the paper machine clothes, inducing their clogging, which is often at the origin of the

Recycling paper mill by-products on forest lands: By-product composition, potential applications, and industry case studies
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Abstract:Large quantities of wastewater treatment plant (WTP) residuals and boiler ash are generated as by-products from the US pulp and paper industry. These by-products have the potential to enhance forest growth and long-term site productivity when land-applied and

Scenario of paper waste recycling and reuse practices in Khulna city of Bangladesh
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Abstract:Everywhere you look you see one thing: paper. From posters and notebooks to cardboard boxes and magazines, paper is part of our everyday lives. Used paper and paper products are important raw material for paper and board industry. Recycling paper

Recycling paper for nonpaper uses
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The largest components ofthe municipal solid waste stream are paper and paper products. Paper comes in many grades andfrom many sources. A significant portion ofwastepaper is readily identifiable and can be easily sorted and collectedfor recycling into paper products

Estimates of paper and wood recovery for recycling and potential for additional recovery in the United States
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Abstract Quantities of paper and wood recovered for recycling in the United States were estimated for 1994, based on production and end-use data. The estimates included quantities recovered for recycling into new paper and paperboard products, exports of

New approach to recycling and waste-to-energy in paper production, Urban Mill
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Greenfield paper mills are commonly perceived as massive investments with a high level of associated impact on the local environment. Parallel to this,targets are being set by modern legislation for reducing waste disposal at landfills. One long-term

Recycling of pulp and paper industry sludge with sawdust by aerobic composting method
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ABSTRACT Studies were conducted to evaluate the feasibility of bioconversion of pulp and paper industry secondary treatment sludge with sawdust under aerobic conditions. The composting of the waste was carried out for a period of 90 days by mixing pulp and paper

Reducing fresh water consumption in paper industry by recycling AOP-treated effluents
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ABSTRACT The paper industry is a high water consumer, and effluents from paper mills can contain a high organic load. Advanced wastewater treatment with ozone has proved to be effective although not always economically worthwhile. Considerable cost reductions can

Vermiconversion of Paper Mill Sludge for Recycling the Nutrients Using Earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae
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Abstract: Pot culture experiments were done to process paper mill sludge mixed with bedding materials (cow dung, pig waste and water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) in the ratio of 25: 75, 50: 50, and 75: 25 using earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae. Totally there were

Environmental aspects of waste paper recycling
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Nowadays, production and use of recycled paper is well established and widely accepted. The necessary technologies are available and it is possible to produce all types and qualities of paper using former waste paper as raw material. The recycling of waste paper

Aplication of TOPSIS Model in Site Selection of Paper Recycling Centers Using GIS; Case study: Fars Province
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Discussion: In this research, classified maps represent suitability of locations for paper recovery centers. The values are assigned by the accomplishment of operational procedures and guidelines that is obtained the process of using TOPSIS method (Fig. 1).

Limiting the Impact of Pressure Sensitive Adhesives on Paper Recycling by Controlling their Fragmentation during Repulping
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Eliminating the problems created by the presence of pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA) in post-consumer waste is a major technical challenge to expanding the use of recycled paper. A promising approach to this contamination issue is the redesign of adhesive products to

HR 10, Requesting Study of a Paper Recycling Plant-Statement to House Committee on Corrections and Rehabilitation House Committee on Ecology and
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HR 10 requests that the Department of Planning and Economic Development make a study of the feasibility of establishing a paper recycling plant at the Halawa Correctional Facility. The consideration of such a plant is of concern to the Environmental Center because of

EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF WASTE PAPER BY MEANS OF RECYCLING
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ABSTRACT We are aware of the usefulness of paper in our daily lives. Whether it is the daily newspaper or paper for office work/college work, paper is undoubtedly an indispensable product. Paper, as we all know is made from wood and with the number of companies,

ASSESSING THE FEASIBILITY OF AN INTERNAL PAPER RECYCLING PLANT
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ABSTRACT Legislation in Costa Rica mandating recycling in government organizations has required the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE) to recycle paper. ICE was interested in constructing a recycling plant to produce a paper product for sale on the

Understanding Paper Recycling
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This paper is one of a series published by Volunteers in Technical Assistance to provide an introduction to specific state-of-the-art technologies of interest to people in developing countries. The papers are intended to be used as guidelines to help people choose

Green Technology: Last Developments in Enzymes for Paper Recycling
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ABSTRACT Application of Sustainable Development policies implies the application of green processes that reduce waste and pollution by changing patterns of production. Green processes are based on innovative ideas that generate alternatives to those technologies

Pre-Feasibility Study of Cogeneration in a Paper Recycling Mill in Bangladesh
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ABSTRACT Pre-feasibility study of cogeneration in a paper recycling mill in Bangladesh was carried out. Information on steam and electricity consumption in the mill were collected through site visits and surveys via questionnaire. Historical energy consumption data

Screening of surface water systems adjacent to paper recycling mills
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1.1 Background At present there is a lack of knowledge regarding the emission, distribution and exposure for many of the chemicals emitted to the environment. The aim of the screening program financed by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency is to

INVESTIGATIONS ON ECO-FRIENDLY DE-INKING AGENTS FOR PAPER RECYCLING
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Paper is more than an industrial and commercial commodity. It is easily the cultural barometer of a nation, and effective growth and rising welfare of a nation cannot be achieved without a rise in the consumption of all kinds of cultural and industrial qualities of

STICKIES CONTROL A CHALLENCE TO INCREASE PAPER RECYCLING
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Sustainability is a fundamental challenge facing humanity today and it has become an essential part of business strategies in the paper industry. Papermaking is one of the leading recycling industries since it is based on an essential complementary between virgin and

HR 383, Relating to Paper Recycling-Statement for House Committee on Ecology and Environmental Protection Public Hearing 25 March 1977
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The resolution correctly identifies forest products as the source of most of the paper, but not the jobs that might be eliminated by reduction in the manufacture of new paper. It fails to discuss the energy implications of substituting paper recycling for new paper manufacture.

ENHANCING FAMILY WELFARE BY INTRODUCING PAPER RECYCLING VENTURE (A STUDY IN A POOR URBAN COMMUNITY)
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ABSTRACT This study is a combination of research and social action, aimed to develop entrepreneurial effort in a poor urban society located in Depok. The community is known as Al Bahar Community, comprises of garbage collectors and small traders. Based on the

ENZYMATIC SACCHARIFICATION OF PAPER RECYCLING MILL SLUDGE
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Nowadays, arising from the shortness or the inaccessibility of forestry resources along with the strong environmental impact of wastepaper in municipal solid waste, several countries around the world have been adopting strict laws that increase the minimal percentage of

Efficient paper recycling
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Abstract: Used paper and paper products are important raw material for paper and board industry. Paper recycling increases the material lifespan and is a key strategy that contributes to savings of primary raw material, reduction of energy and chemicals

Establishment of calibration curve for water measurement in a bulky paper recycling by neutron device
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A bulky used paper supplied to recycling industry may contain water in their internal voids. The presence of water has been seriously argued among the paper-recycling industries. This is because the price of used paper is currently based on their weight and has a huge

15 Paper Recycling
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Recycling of paper has been a neglected part of the pulp and paper literature. This is a big mistake because it is indeed a substantial part of the pulp and paper industry. Paper based on recycled fibre can be made with high quality. The recycled fibre is mainly used in

THE EFFECTS OF ADHESIVE PROPERTIES ON THE REMOVAL OF PRESSURE SENSITIVE ADHESIVE CONTAMINANTS IN PAPER RECYCLING
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Abstract Pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA) materials have significant negative impact on paper recycling. PSA materials are hard to remove in recycling and deposit on equipment and are retained in the product, severely hampering operations. This research had as an

The Chemical Mechanism of a Brown-rot Decay Mimetic System and Its Application in Paper Recycling Processes
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This work focuses on iron binding, iron reduction, and free radicals that are generated in a process related to a non-enzymatic mechanism employed by brown-rot fungi in the decay of wood. W/VIS spectroscopy, direct electron spin resonance (ESR), and ESR spin trapping

ASSESSMENT OF THE NATURE AND EFFECTIVENESS OF PAPER RECYCLING AT ZAMBEZIPAPER MILLS LIMITED, NDOLA.
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ABSTRACT The study was carried in Ndola and Lusaka the Capital City of Zambia. Zambezi Paper Mills limited LTD is the only company in Zambia recycling waste paper and the nature of recycling is the wet pulping technique. All categories of paper are reprocessed into new

Dear Sir, Please accept our paper, titled Consumer Attitudes Towards Recycling: Construction of a Reliable and Valid Multi-item Measure, for consideration in
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ABSTRACT Developing recycling programs requires the conduct of consumer recycling behavior research. Attitudes towards recycling is considered to be the most important predictor variable in relative international literature. The crucial point in attitudes

Relevance of the recycling potential (module D) in building LCA: A case study on the retrofitting of a house in Seraing (Best Paper SB13 Graz)
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Abstract: Following the European standard concerning the sustainability of construction works EN 15978, the informative module D allows crediting a building for the recycling potential of its materials and the exported energy. Whereas the relevance of this module

Influences of material recycling on energy efficiency, Case: iron and steel industry pulp and paper industry
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Abstract Lately, attention has been drawn to the importance of material efficiency. Material recycling (use of secondary materials, ie recycled materials) seems to result in lower specific energy consumption in industrial production. This paper discusses the influences of

Career Paper: Solid Waste Management and Recycling Description of the Field
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Solid waste management and recycling is a fast and continually growing field in our country and abroad. This is a wide-open field for people with a variety of backgrounds, both academic and experiential. People within the solid waste management field apply the use

Recycling of the waste paper and the handsheets forming
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Abstract: The results of the image analysis of handsheet obtained by different formers are presened in this paper. Handsheets are formed from the fibers obtained from the recycling process of prints produced in digital technique based on electrophotography with liquid

Education and companies together for the environment. Educational experiences for developing the culture of waste separation and recycling of paper
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By focusing upon two educational experiences undertaken as part of the Graphic Virtual Design Degree Course at the Politecnico di Torino with local companies, we intend to highlight how the value of the relationship between companies and educational activities,

recycling strategies, computerized mapping of landfill gas migration and geochemical investigation of groundwaters. Part 4, an equipment section, is represented by
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Part 4, an equipment section, is represented by one paper dealing with the develop-ment of pneumatic submersible leachate pumping technology and is succeeded by a collection of methodological articles in Part 5. These include accounts of angled borehole drilling

Determination of residual paper content in plastic waste for recycling processes by near infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy
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The recycling of consumer packaging becomes more and more important. In Germany the different fractions of household waste, for example, paper, glass, plastics, are collected

Recycling Residues From the Pulp and Paper Industries in the Civil Construction
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ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate the potential use of the dregs-grits compound in the civil construction goods generated by the pulp and the paper industries which uses the Kraft process. The use of this compound in construction materials can be an economical

Office paper recyclability: first recycling
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ABSTRACT Paper recyclability implies in the paper capacity to be recycled maintaining its properties to the maximum. Four commercial papers from Argentina and Brazil were studied, including three eucalyptus kraft (A, B, C) and one sugar cane bagasse soda-AQ (D), all

Cost-Effective Production Of Handmade Paper Through Recycling Of Shredded Currency Waste Of Reserve Bank Of India-An Enzymatic Route
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ABSTRACT With the growing demand of handmade paper both in the domestic and export markets, the Indian handmade paper industry has been confronting with the major issue of scarce availability and cost prohibitiveness of the cotton hosiery waste, the traditionally


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