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Pervasive computing provides convenient access to relevant information and applications through a new class of ubiquitous, intelligent appliances that have the ability to easily function when and where needed. Pervasive computing, often synonymously called ubiquitous computing, is an emerging field of research that brings in revolutionary paradigms for computing models in the 21st century. Tremendous developments in such technologies as wireless communications and networking, mobile computing and handheld.

Ambient intelligence: the confluence of ubiquitous/ pervasive computing and artificial intelligence
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We elaborate on recent developments in the area of ambient intelligence . Our work includes descriptions of possible applications, a general architecture that can help to define such systems, and the computational process that can link perception through sensors with

Smart classroom: Enhancing collaborative learning using pervasive computing technology
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Abstract Smart Classroom facilitates collaborative learning among college students. Students in such an environment form small groups to solve a specific problem or develop a group project. In a Smart Classroom, each student has a situation-aware PDA. Students

Issues for context services for pervasive computing
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Abstract Context-aware computing has the potential to greatly alleviate the human attention bottleneck. To facilitate the development of context-aware applications, we envision a context service that provides standardized support for applications. It supports both

Infrastructure for Pervasive Computing : Challenges.
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Abstract: As mobile and embedded computing devices become more pervasive, it is becoming obvious that the nature of interactions between users and computers must evolve. Applications need to become increasingly autonomous and invisible, by placing greater

Fundamentals of mobile and pervasive computing
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Copyright 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any

Programming for pervasive computing environments
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Pervasive computing provides an attractive vision for the future of computing. Computational power will be available everywhere. Mobile and stationary devices will dynamically connect and coordinate to seamlessly help people in accomplishing their tasks. However, for this

A framework for context-aware pervasive computing applications
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Hybrid Approach to Collaborative Context-Aware Service Platform for Pervasive Computing .
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Abstract The behavior of pervasive applications depend not only on their internal state and user interactions but also on contexts sensed during their execution. In this work, we present a collaborative context-aware service platform based on hybrid context management model

The PlaceLab: A live-in laboratory for pervasive computing RESEARCH PAPER (video)
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Abstract In this video, we introduce the PlaceLab, a live-in laboratory for the study of ubiquitous computing technologies in the home. The PlaceLab is a real home where the routine activities and interactions of everyday home life can be observed, recorded for later

Context and adaptivity in pervasive computing environments: Links with software engineering and ontological engineering
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Abstract In this article we present a review of selected literature of context-aware pervasive computing while integrating theory and practice from various disciplines in order to construct a theoretical grounding and a technical follow-up path for our future research. This paper is

Classifying pervasive games: on pervasive computing and mixed reality
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Abstract. Pervasive Games have become popular in recent years. Their ambitious goal is to bring the computer into the world in order to augment existing games or to even come up with hitherto impossible or unthought-of forms of entertainment. This paper reflects on the

Classification of service discovery in pervasive computing environments
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Abstract: Service discovery is an essential task in pervasive computing environments. Simple and efficient service discovery enables heterogeneous and ubiquitous computing devices and services to be easier to use. Service integration uses services as building

Improving the effectiveness of medical treatment with pervasive computing technologies
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Hippocrates, the father of medicine, already realized that the physician must not only be prepared to do what is right himself, but also make the patient cooperate . Medical compliance commonly defined as the extent to which a patient conforms to medical advice

Probabilistic Data Management for Pervasive Computing : The Data Furnace Project.
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Abstract The wide deployment of wireless sensor and RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) devices is one of the key enablers for next-generation pervasive computing applications, including large-scale environmental monitoring and control, context-aware computing, and

The dark side of pervasive computing
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Bynum raises similar concerns about wearable devices for kids that let parents track them via GPS. Thats great if they are kidnapped or lost. Thats wonderful, Bynum says. On the other hand, they can now be tracked everywhere within 50 feet of where they are going. Tell

Methods for policy conflict detection and resolution in pervasive computing environments
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ABSTRACT Recently, there has been increasing work in using policy in pervasive systems. Policy is a relatively new field and much work is still required to explore designs, concepts, and architecture for using policy in pervasive computing environments. In this paper, we

An End-User Programming Paradigm for Pervasive Computing Applications.
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Abstract In this paper we present a variant of end-user programming called PiP (Pervasive interactive Programming) which offers non-technical end-users the possibility to configure and customize sets of coordinating pervasive devises without the need to employ

Indoor location systems for pervasive computing
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Abstract As computing devices have been shrinking and proliferating and networking technologies have enabled ever greater connectivity, interest in the category of location- aware applications has grown. Determining location in cluttered, indoor environments

Handheld face identification technology in a pervasive computing environment
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Abstract. We describe initial efforts at implementing a flexible, modular face identification framework in the context of a pervasive computing environment including handheld computers. Currently, the handheld is used for image capture, while all computation is

Pervasive computing in health care: Smart spaces and enterprise information systems
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Abstract Middleware for pervasive computing is an active area of research that is now starting to mature. Prototypical systems have been developed and used for demonstration applications in a number of domains. However, realistic pervasive environments of the future

What is Pervasive Computing
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2001 M. Cherniak, M. Franklin, S. Zdonik Data Management for Pervasive Computing 2 1. Pervasive Computing Applications and Requirements. 2. Architectural Concepts 3. Data Dissemination 4. Data Synchronization 5. Data Recharging 6. Profile-Driven Data Management

Pervasive computing in hospitals
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Pervasive computing offers a compelling vision of unobtrusive, proactive aids to our daily life that vary with and are appropriate to our location and activities. In many respects, pervasive computing aims at moving beyond the desktop computer to weave itself into the very fabric

Adaptability and interfaces: key to efficient pervasive computing
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As mobile and embedded computing devices become more pervasive, the nature of interaction between users and computers is evolving. Computing applications need to become increasingly autonomous and invisible, by placing greater reliance on knowledge of

A survey on elliptic curve cryptography for pervasive computing environment
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ABSTRACT In today s era of the ubiquitous computing, the Internet has become the main mode of data communication. Most of the devices used in wireless/mobile environments, that form wireless networks, ad-hoc networks and wireless sensor networks etc., have low

Exploring how pervasive computing can support situated learning
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Abstract: Pervasive computing offers new ranges of possibilities when it comes to supporting learning and collaboration. The design of educational activities in these environments is a challenging task that raises the question of how pervasive computing can be used to support

Solar: Building a context fusion network for pervasive computing
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The complexity of developing context-aware pervasive computing applications calls for distributed software infrastructures that assist applications to collect, aggregate, and disseminate contextual data. In this dissertation, we present a Context Fusion Network

Bigraphical programming languages for pervasive computing
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Abstract. The Bigraphical Programming Language project at IT University of Copenhagen contributes to the UKCRC Ubiquitous Computing Grand Challenge by researching the use of bigraphical reactive systems as a general framework in which to combine theories for

The battle of concepts: Ubiquitous Computing, pervasive computing and ambient intelligence in Mass Media
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ABSTRACT For the past two decades the concepts of ubiquitous computing, pervasive computing and ambient intelligence have been used to describe the Internet of Things. This paper studies how the three concepts of ubiquitous computing, pervasive computing and

Use of ontologies in pervasive computing environments
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Abstract Pervasive Computing Environments consist of a large number of independent entities that help transform physical spaces into computationally active and intelligent spaces. These entities could be devices, applications, services or users. In recent years,

Context-aware adaptation for component-based pervasive computing systems
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Abstract. Developing and deploying context-aware mobile and pervasive applications that are adaptable to a broad range of high-end and lowend systems is a daunting task. The contribution of our research within the pervasive computing domain is a context-awareness

Location-aware access control for pervasive computing environments
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Abstract In pervasive computing environments certain applications are interested in a users location in order to provide a service. Such applications would benefit from an architecture that enables users to prove their location prior to requesting a service. We present PA C, an

Knowledge Usability and its Characteristics for Pervasive Computing .
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Abstract-This paper appends a new thread to the attributes of user applications running in the pervasive computing environment. This thread, the core of our scheme, is named Knowledge Usability. Contextsensitivity, Situation-awareness and Ad hoc communication;

Natural language expression of user policies in pervasive computing environments
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Abstract The pervasive computing environments of tomorrow will typically consist of a large heterogeneous collection of networked services. In an ongoing research project, we are exploring ways to enable non-technical users to configure their environment. Our

Pervasive computing in the home and community
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One of the major risks to independence for the elderly is the decline in the accomplishment of typical activities of daily living (ADLs) due to mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a precursor to Alzheimers disease.(In this chapter, we use ADL to refer to basic ADLs [such as eating

Semantic middleware for service-oriented pervasive computing
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The pervasive computing vision introduced by Mark Weiser in the early 90s, results from the convergence of powerful, small, affordable computing devices with networking technologies that tie them all together. Still, the development of software systems for pervasive computing

Application and infrastructure challenges in pervasive computing
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The technological advances over the last few years has revolutionized the world of personal computing. Today, handheld devices exist that can function as a cellular phone, video camera and a PDA, all in one box. Also, wireless service providers have started offering

Secure smart environments: Security requirements, challenges and experiences in pervasive computing
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In an ideal pervasive computing environment, a large number of connected smart devices are deployed to collaboratively provision seamless services to users. Pervasive computing is enabled by various advanced technologies, particularly wireless technologies and the a brief literature review on healthcare challenges, unobtrusive sensors that may be used as part of pervasive sensing system for cardiorespiratory functions, daily motor activity and environ- mental monitoring, mHealth applications and pervasive computing for pervasive Page 6

The ethics of forgetting in an age of pervasive computing
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In this paper, we examine the potential of pervasive computing to create widespread sousveillance, that will complement surveillance, through the development of lifelogs; socio- spatial archives that document every action, every event, every conversation, and every

Action-Oriented Query Processing for Pervasive Computing .
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Abstract Pervasive computing applications monitor physical-world phenomena and integrate data acquisition, communication and actions across small, heterogeneous devices (eg, smart sensors, network cameras and handheld devices). To ease the development of these

A service oriented definition of context for pervasive computing
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Abstract In pervasive computing a set of smart devices communicate and collaborate together in order to provide adapted services to the user and applications, and help the former in his everyday life tasks. To adapt provided services, devices must be context-aware,

Creating ad-hoc pervasive computing environments
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Pervasive Computing technology can convert everyday environments, such as office spaces, into digitally enriched places. Users can profit from pervasive computing environments in many ways: context aware applications may proactively react , leading to,

Developing testing techniques for event-driven pervasive computing applications
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As we move closer to the world of pervasive computing embedded devices, sensors, and software agents find increasingly more applications in todays inter-networked world. Consequently, several classes of event-driven software (EDS) are becoming ubiquitous,

Context Aware services as a step to pervasive computing
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The future of mobile computing after the death of WAP seems uncertain. WAP carried with itself an expectation that it would be an important driving force in areas ranging next generation mobile systems to microelectronics. The vacuum left behind by WAP and even a

A Trust Framework for Pervasive Computing Environments.
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Abstract In this paper, we present a flexible, manageable, and configurable trust scheme for the security of pervasive computing applications. Our intention is to develop a trust framework capable of recognizing the difference between pure and managed ad hoc

Pervasive computing technologies to monitor vaccine cold chains in developing countries
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ABSTRACT We have deployed a mobile phone-based temperature monitoring system in the national vaccine cold chain in Albania. This deployment was done in collaboration with the Albanian Ministry of Health, the World Health Organization, and PATH, our Seattle-based

Security, trust and privacy a new direction for pervasive computing
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Abstract:-Information which used to be privileged only for the rich and powerful few has become crucial part of our life. Everyone is now very aware of the need to protect sensitive and valuable information from unintentionally being presented to other individuals or

Improving the reality perception of visually impaired through pervasive computing
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Abstract The visually impaired experience serious difficulties in leading an independent life, due to their reduced perception of the environment. However, we believe that ubiquitous computing can significantly improve the perception of the surrounding reality for the blind

Integrating multiple contexts and ontologies in a pervasive computing framework
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Abstract. There is a commonly accepted need for contexts and ontologies to describe the vast amounts of data that are available to pervasive computing applications. Existing contexts and ontologies are either much generalised, very application specific, or inflexible.

A pervasive computing ontology for user privacy protection in the context broker architecture
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Abstract. Privacy protection is a key requirement for the future pervasive computing systems. This paper describes the design and implementation of a privacy protection framework that exploits the SOUPA policy ontology and its associated policy reasoning algorithm. The

Least Slack Time Rate first: an Efficient Scheduling Algorithm for Pervasive Computing Environment.
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Abstract: Real-time systems like pervasive computing have to complete executing a task within the predetermined time while ensuring that the execution results are logically correct. Such systems require intelligent scheduling methods that can adequately promptly distribute

A general risk assessment of security in pervasive computing
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Abstract--There is currently much research into using trustbased mechanisms to secure computing in ubiquitous environments, which are typified by unforeseen circumstances, unexpected interactions, and unknown entities. Risk evaluation becomes essential to the

Context management and reasoning about situations in pervasive computing
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Abstract Context-awareness enables applications to become aware of useful circumstances in the environment. In the context of pervasive computing systems, context-awareness enables applications to respond, possibly intelligently, to sensory originated information.

Appliance Design for Pervasive Computing
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Conferences has been directly involved, with an emphasis on design failure as well as opportunity. He sees the failures cause in different realms, particularly in a devices or services value to the consumer, the specific consumer needs it addresses, and consumer

Open issues in nomadic pervasive computing
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Abstract. As a user roams among islands of smart spaces, additional support within the systems are needed to provide the user with seamless experience and services wherever he or she goes. We refer to such environments as nomadic pervasive computing . In this

Intelligent Buildings and pervasive computingresearch perspectives and discussions
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Abstract Intelligent Buildings have been the subject of research and commercial interest for more than two decades. The different perspectives range from monitoring and controlling energy consumption over interactive rooms supporting work in offices and leisure in the

Towards a trust based approach to security and user confidence in pervasive computing systems
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Abstract In this paper we describe ongoing work into the development of a trust-based architecture aimed at increasing security and user confidence in pervasive computing systems. We begin by describing the issue of security and privacy in pervasive computing

Web-Based Semantic Pervasive Computing Services.
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Abstract Pervasive Computing refers to a seamless and invis-ible computing environment which provides dynamic, proactive and context-aware services to the user by acquiring context knowledge from the environment and composing available services. In this paper,

NIST information technology laboratory pervasive computing initiative
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2. Background Smart Spaces are work environments with embedded computers, information appliances, and multimodal sensors allowing people to perform tasks efficiently by offering unprecedented levels of access to information and assistance from computers. Smart

Embedded-Internet devices: a means of realizing the pervasive computing vision
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ABSTRACT This paper explores the feasibility of applying newly emerging low-cost embedded-Internet devices in support of pervasive computing ; a new vision whereby domestic appliances are provided with Internet connections enabling them to be accessed
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