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robotics research papers 2015



THE EVOLUTION OF CLOUD ROBOTICS: A SURVEY
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Abstract: Cloud robotics is a rapidly evolving field that allows robots to offload computation- intensive and storage-intensive jobs into the cloud. Robots are limited in terms of computational capacity, memory and storage. Cloud provides unlimited computation

Architecture Model to Improve the Development of Robotics Online Reconfiguration
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Abstract With the fast development of robot technologies, robots are increasingly operating in complex and unknown environments. Thus, the robotic software systems need to be online reconfigurable to fast meet users' new demands or environment requirements. In

Robot as Moderator: Managing Multi-Party Social Dynamics for Socially Assistive Robotics
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Abstract This dissertation proposal presents a domain-independent computational model of moderation of multi-party human-machine interactions that enables a robot or virtual agent to act as a moderator in a group discussion. A moderator is defined in this work as an

Optimization based controller design and implementation for the Atlas robot in the DARPA Robotics Challenge Finals
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Abstract:We describe the design and hardware implementation of our walking and manipulation controllers that are based on a cascade of online optimizations. A virtual force acting at the robot's center of mass (CoM) is estimated and used to compensated for

A logic for robotics
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Dynamic logic combines logic with programs, which at a certain level of abstraction, can be regarded as behaviours changing the system state and, therefore, the truth value of formulas. This paper suggests a method for generating such logics for the

Current Capabilities and Development Potential in Surgical Robotics
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Abstract Commercial surgical robots have been in clinical use since the mid-1990s, supporting surgeons in various tasks. In the past decades, many systems emerged as research platforms, and a few entered the global market. This paper summarizes the

Review of locking devices used in robotics
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Abstract:Locking devices are widely used in robotics, for instance to lock springs, joints or to reconfigure robots. This review paper classifies the locking devices currently described in literature and preforms a comparative study. Designers can therefore better determine

Fundamental Theories and Practice in Service Robotics
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Service robotics is becoming an active research area of robotics in the 21st century. Service robots, such as iRobot, HAL, and CareBot, aim at assisting human in professional and domestic environments. Novel service robots are high tech products resulting from Passivity is an input output property of dynamical systems. The concept generalizes physical systems that cannot store more energy than the energy supplied from outside the system. It is one of the most physically appealing concepts in systems and control theory

Assessment of a Middle School Robotics Program on the Navajo Nation
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Abstract This paper will discuss the impact of a FIRST Lego League robotics team on a group of students from Tsehootsooi Middle School, located in the heart of the Navajo Nation. There are a number of significant differences between Western and Navajo culture,

Application of wireless sensor networks and robotics in agriculture and rural development
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There were four technical sessions in this two day workshop. First session dealt with Application of drones in Agriculture, Second session on Wireless Sensors for Agriculture and Environment Monitoring, Third on Robotics in Agriculture and Fourth on Industry

Robotics in Neurosurgery: Evolution, Current Challenges, and Compromises
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Background: Advances in technology have pushed the boundaries of neurosurgery. Surgeons play a major role in the neurosurgical field, but robotic systems challenge the current status quo. Robotic-assisted surgery has revolutionized several surgical fields, yet

Cognitive Robotics
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Prospection lies at the core of cognition: it is the means by which an agent a person 3 or a cognitive robot shifts its perspective from immediate sensory experience to 4 anticipate future events, be they the actions of other agents or the outcome of its own 5 actions.

Dielectric Elastomer Based Grippers for Soft Robotics
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The actions of human hands and animal's feet provide the inspiration for many robotic actuators and devices. Of these actions, one of the most basic is gripping different objects. For instance, the use of fingers to grip a wide range of differently shaped objects, ranging This is an exciting time for robotics. Governments across the world have recently announced major robotics programs such as the National Robotics Initiative, the DARPA Robotics Challenge in the US, and the European Commission's euRobotics initiative. The demand

The RoboCup Logistics League as a Benchmark for Planning in Robotics
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Abstract Planning in robotics as task-level executive is still an exception rather than the norm. Domains are often too dynamic or complex and therefore developers resort to more reactive or deliberative tools. In this paper, we characterize the RoboCup Logistics

Abstracting Away Low-Level Details in Service Robotics with Fuzzy Fluents
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Abstract. In domestic service robotic applications, complex tasks have to be fulfilled in close collaboration with humans. We try to integrate qualitative reasoning and human-robot interaction by bridging the gap in human and robot representations and by enabling the

Interaction as a bridge between cognition and robotics
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ABSTRACT The triplet formed by studies of cognition, interaction, and robotics offers a number of opportunities for symbiotic relationships and mutual benefits. One such avenue is explored by the workshop's main theme in which cognition is seen as a bridge between In the theory of molecular-scale self-assembly, large numbers of simple interacting components are designed to come together to build complicated shapes and patterns. Many models of selfassembly, such as the abstract Tile Assembly Model [6], are cellular The series Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing contains publications on theory, applications, and design methods of Intelligent Systems and Intelligent Computing. Virtually all disciplines such as engineering, natural sciences, computer and information

EN530. 678 Nonlinear Control and Planning in Robotics Lecture 8: Feedback Linearization March 10, 2015
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Page 1. EN530.678 Nonlinear Control and Planning in Robotics Lecture 8: Feedback Linearization March 10, 2015 Prof: Marin Kobilarov 1 Introduction 2 Examples from robotics 2.1 Static Feedback 2.1.1 Fully-actuated manipulator control: computed torque law

The Effect of Fitness Function Design on Performance in Evolutionary Robotics: The Influence of a priori Knowledge
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Abstract Fitness function design is known to be a critical feature of the evolutionary robotics approach. Potentially, the complexity of evolving a successful controller for a given task can be reduced by integrating a priori knowledge into the fitness function which complicates

EN530. 678 Nonlinear Control and Planning in Robotics Lecture 3: Stability February 4, 2015
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Consider x= f (t, x). We will make the following basic assumptions ensuring that this model can be used for evolving the state x: f (t, x) is piecewise continuous in t and locally Lipschitz, ie: f (t, x) is piecewise continuous if f is continuous on any subinterval of t except at,

Soft Robotics: Transferring Theory to Application," Soft Components for Soft Robots"
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Abstract Typical robot platforms comprise rigid links with fixed degrees-of freedom, solid blocks of transmission and actuator, and superficial positioning of sensors: they are often optimized for the given design criteria but are unable to execute instantaneous changes to

On Cognitive Learning Methodologies for Cognitive Robotics
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Abstract: A cognitive robot is an autonomous robot that is capable of inference, perception, and learning mimicking the cognitive mechanisms of the brain. The underpinning technologies for cognitive robots are the cognitive knowledge base (CKB) and the

Hardware and Software Co-design for the EKF Applied to the Mobile Robotics Localization Problem
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Co-design approach for the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) applied to the localization problem in mobile robotics. The EKF algorithm has been implemented and run on an Altera Cyclone IV FPGA with a Nios II embedded processor jointly with specific hardware

Influence of Selection Pressure in Online, Distributed Evolutionary Robotics
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Abstract The effect of selection pressure on evolution in centralized evolutionary algorithms (EA's) is relatively well understood. Selection pressure pushes evolution toward better performing individuals. However, distributed EA's in an Evolutionary Robotics (ER) context

Sliding Autonomy in Cloud Robotics Services for Smart City Applications
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ABSTRACT The aim of this paper is to present a sliding autonomy approach for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in the context of the project Fly4SmartCity. The project consists in the implementation of a cloud robotics service in which small UAVs are employed for

Sensors for Robotics 2015
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Robot is currently one of the exciting and fast developing technologies changing the life of human being. It has been widely applied in lots of areas such as industry, agriculture, medicine, transportation, social service, military, space exploration, and undersea

Graz Griffins' Solution to the European Robotics Challenges 2014
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Abstract:An important focus of current research in the field of Micro Aerial Vehicles (MAVs) is to increase the safety of their operation in general unstructured environments. An example of a real-world application is visual inspection of industry infrastructure, which can be

Robotics Article
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ABSTRACT We develop a decentralized algorithm to coordinate a group of mobile robots to search for unknown and transient radio sources. In addition to limited mobility and ranges of communication and sensing, the robot team has to deal with challenges from signal This book includes extended and revised versions of a set of selected papers from the 10th International Conference on Informatics in Control Automation and Robotics (ICINCO 2013), held in Iceland, from . The conference was organized into

Minecraft as an Experimental World for AI in Robotics
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Abstract Performing experimental research on robotic platforms involves numerous practical complications, while studying collaborative interactions and efficiently collecting data from humans benefit from real time response. Roboticists can circumvent some complications

Low-Cost Robotics for Horticulture: A Case Study on Automated Sugar Pea Harvesting
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Abstract The horticultural sector is characterized by a large share of manual tasks. Flexible and low-cost robotic technologies hold promise for overcoming high labour costs. The present paper describes a case study on partially automated sugar pea harvesting. There

Connection between Molecular Genetics and Robotics, Since 1985
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In 1985 two works introduced connection between molecular genetics and robotics. One of them [1] related tRNA to a mobile robot, and the other [2] related genetic engineering to

YAGI-An Easy and Light-Weighted Action-Programming Language for Education and Research in Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
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The action-based imperative programming language Golog and its descendants have proved to be powerful and well-studied languages to model autonomous robots and agents. However, almost all Golog interpreters are implemented as a set of

Enabling research on complex tasks in swarm robotics
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Abstract Research in swarm robotics focuses mostly on how robots interact and cooperate to perform tasks, rather than on the details of task execution. As a consequence, researchers often consider abstract tasks in their experimental work. For example, foraging is often

Simultaneous Tracking and Reconstruction (STAR) of Objects and its Application in Educational Robotics Laboratories
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Abstract Many educational and industrial applications that involve robots require knowing the location information for the robots. This necessitates both the ability to localize the robots globally in the absence of any prior data as well as to track the robots' current positions

Architecture for theatre robotics
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The topic of this thesis was born from a need for the designed platform and my desire to write about something practical. I want to thank Professor Erkki Sutinen and Dr. Ilkka Jormanainen for understanding me and providing excellent guidance. I am sorry that this

State of Art in Robotics and Embedded Systems: Bangladesh Perspective
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Abstract:The Embedded Systems are everywhere and everyone is very curious about robots and their autonomous activities. These two topics are very integrated with each other. This discussion focuses on robotics: their evolution, applications, recent development and

BEST Robotics Practices
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Abstract:To attempt to overcome the gap of performance in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics performance inUS, the Boosting Engineering Science Technology Robotics Inc. designed the BEST Robotics Competition events to promote

The importance and purpose of simulation in robotics
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Abstract Research on autonomous robots that are capable of operating in an assisted living situation is often done with physical human size robots. Working with these robots however, is a very time consuming task which also provides a monetary constraint. In addition, the

Expanding the Impact of the EEROS Open Source Robotics Framework
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Abstract This report, prepared for the developers of the EEROS Real Time Robotics Software Framework, explored options to expand the impact that EEROS would have on the open source robotics community. This open source framework was examined to discover

Engagement of students with Robotics-Competitions-like projects in a PBL Bsc Engineering course
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Abstract This paper analyzes the experience of the innovation project" Adaptation of the Integrated Project-2 subject as a platform to promote students to International Robotics Competitions". Integrated Project-2 (IP-2) is a compulsory subject of the second semester

Using Robotics to Enhance Learning Experience in Classroom
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Abstract At University of Houston, we are committed to providing a world-class educational experience to our students. We begin by introducing robotics early in our curriculum, in ECE 1331: Computers and Problem Solving, a freshmen introductory level course. We believe

Corrosion Monitoring by Robotics
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A robot may be considered as a machine with built-in intelligence, called artificial intelligence. A robot replaces the role of a human being to perform any particular task. Mobile robotics have many indoor and outdoor applications, which can help to improve

EXAMINE VISION TECHNOLOGY FOR SMALL OBJECT RECOGNITION IN AN INDUSTRIALROBOTICS APPLICATION
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Abstract This thesis explains the development of a computer vision system able to find and orient relatively small objects. The motivations is exchanging a monotonous work done by hand and replace it with an automation system with help of an ABB IRB 140 industrial

The Effectiveness of Robotics Competitions on Students' Learning of Computer Science
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Abstract. This work investigates students' learning of computer science (CS) as part of a research project on students' learning of and attitudes toward STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) subjects during their participation in robotics activities.

Minesweepers uses robotics' awesomeness to raise awareness about landmines explosive remnants of war
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Paul Jefferson, one of the earliest humanitarian deminers, said a landmine is the perfect soldier: Ever courageous, never sleeps, never misses. The simplicity and cost effectiveness of mines are major factors in explaining their widespread use throughout numerous

ROBOTICS BASED HVDC TRANSMISSION LINE HARMONIC CONTROL AND POWER THEFT DETECTION AND INTIMAITON USING GSM TECHNOLOGY
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Abstract: The conventional HVDC systems are based on the line-commutated current source converter (LCC) and are line commutated. They suffer from the problem of commutation failures, and operation with weak ac systems is difficult. The HVDC converter control can

DLR SPACEBOT CUP-GERMANY'S SPACE ROBOTICS COMPETITION
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ABSTRACT In 2010 Germanys Ministry of Economics and Technology formulated the goals for a competitive and sustainable space strategy [1]. Robotics is a major column within this strategy and therefore, numerous activities in space robotics were initiated. One of those For about the last ten years, the scientific world of robotics has been influenced by worldwide innovative stimuli from research inspired by biological processes. Instead of rigid structures, the trend is now towards the use of soft, pliable organic structures, materials,

An Educational Tool to Support Introductory Robotics Courses
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This paper introduces a software based educational tool designed to be used in introductory robotics courses. The software simulates the geometry of motion (kinematics) of any multilink industrial robotic arm and is to be used in place of or along with an actual robotic arm. The

Children discover science: robotics, informatics and artificial intelligence in kindergarten and school
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Abstract:Aiming to foster the integration of robotics, computer science and artificial intelligence in pre-school and primary/secondary school education this paper presents an innovative educational robotics project. Initialized by Graz University of Technology and

Engaging Sophomores in Embedded Design using Robotics
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ABSTRACT The material covered in a typical Computer Engineering class tends to be heavily focused on a single subject area. Students often struggle to see how different subjects are interrelated or how they can be combined to address a wider range of

The Role of Intention in Cognitive Robotics
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Abstract We argue that the development of robots that can interact effectively with people requires a special focus on building systems that can perceive and comprehend intentions in other agents. Such a capability is a prerequisite for all pro-social behaviour and

Automated Irrigation System Using Robotics and Sensors
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Abstract: An automated irrigation system was developed to optimize water use for agricultural crops and also to verify water scarcity in the field. The system has distributed wireless network of soil-moisture and temperature sensors and conductive sensors that

A Robotics-Focused Instructional Framework for Design-Based Research in Middle School Classrooms
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One of the main goals and strengths of design-based research (DBR) is to promote collaboration between education innovation developers (researchers) and education innovation implementers (teachers). 1 Specifically, DBR connects teachers and subject

MOBILE PHONE CONTROLLED ALIVE HUMAN DETECTOR USING ROBOTICS
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ABSTRACT Human discovery in an unmanned zone could be possible just by a computerized framework. The errand of distinguish person in salvage operations is laborious for the human operators yet it is straightforward for the automated specialists.

BUILDING A PARALLEL DECISION-MAKING SYSTEM BASED ON RULE-BASED CLASSIFIERS IN MOLECULAR ROBOTICS
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Abstract. Controlled drug delivery based on cellular components can be achieved by exploiting diseasespecific properties, but these require a rapid, sensitive, and selective method of detection in a biomolecular system. We propose a parallel decision-making

A STUDY OF INSECT BRAIN USING ROBOTICS AND NEURAL NETWORKS
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ABSTRACT Genetic algorithms have been used to construct a neural model for insect path integration in order to help understand how insects navigate. Some experiments have been carried out to simulate navigation using autonomous robots that hoped to not only explain

An Update in Robotics in Outpatient Rehab
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Page 1. An Update in Robotics in Outpatient Rehab Kristen Black-Bain PT, DPT, NCS Page 2. Objectives Be familiar with various robotic devices for Interferenc e Page 6. Robotics in Rehab Fewer therapists/staff Active participation with progression Reproducible

Robotics and the Changing Characteristics of Warfare
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Since the dawn of the 21st century, in the wake of technological developments and the miniaturisation of powerful computing capabilities, the use of unmanned systems and robots has greatly increased in a variety of fields: in industry, medicine, transportation, and in the

Cooperative Autonomous Robotics at Sea
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Cooperative Autonomous Robotics at Laboratory of Robotics and Systems in Science and Engineering Cooperative Autonomous Robotics at Sea Andreas J. Laboratory of Robotics and Systems in Science and Engineering

Multi orientations multi scale objects Recognition in a robotics assembling operation
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Abstract--In a robotic assembling operation a carrier transports parts to a manipulator arm. With a surveillance camera, the system must be able to detect the arrival of parts, identify and locate each of them. The localization includes determining the position and

Collective Robotics Search using Particle System
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Abstract This work introduces the implementation of particle system to be simulated to work as a group of unmanned mobile robots (swarm robots). These robots are able to locate a target in the predefined environment with high efficiency when driven by an

PRoViDE: Planetary Robotics Vision Data Processing and Fusion
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Abstract The international planetary science community has launched, landed and operated dozens of human and robotic missions to the planets and the Moon. They have collected various surface imagery that has only been partially utilized for further scientific purposes.

Brief introduction to Domotics, Robotics, and to a their possible evolution
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Abstract The work briefly introduces the concepts that underlie automation technologies, robotics technologies and the developments, which in the near future, thanks to the application of the paradigm of Ambient Intelligence and the Internet of Things, will be

Cloud based real-time multi-robot collision avoidance for swarm robotics
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Abstract: The IoT Cloud is a cloud platform for implementing applications that remotely control smart devices or process a huge amount of real time stream data from a massive number of physical devices. Such platforms shift computation load from the device to the

Robotics in Action
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Page 1. Robotics in ActionAU Page 2. Talk about What is Robotics History of Robots References . What is Robotics According to NASA Robotics is: The study of robots Robots are:

Lollybot: Where Candy, Gaming, and Educational Robotics Collide
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Abstract:Lollybot is a cheap mobile educational robot made from a game controller that features lollipops as part of its design. Students can construct the robot themselves using simple tools and it was originally built for the African Robotics Network (AFRON) $10

Robotics in the Rehabilitation of Neurological Conditions
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The research of robotics for the rehabilitation of neurological conditions has increased in the last decade. The technological advances of the 21st century are bringing robotics to all domains of our society (Morone et al., 2014). Our research site has been focusing upon

Design Elements of a Mobile Robotics Course Based on Student Feedback
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The use of robots in undergraduate classrooms has seen a boom in recent years due to the universal appeal of robots, and the applicability of robot systems to preparing students for career paths in computer science, robotics and intelligent systems, and as well as for The scope of this special issue is to advance knowledge in the field of robotics applied to formal and informal education. The idea of robots as educational tools goes back to the late 60s, when Seymour Papert formulated the theory on learning called

CORE: A Cloud-based Object Recognition Engine for Robotics
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Abstract:An object recognition engine needs to extract discriminative features from data representing an object and accurately classify the object to be of practical use in robotics. Furthermore, the classification of the object must be rapidly performed in the presence of a


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