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geographical routing protocol



Geographical and energy aware routing: A recursive data dissemination protocol for wireless sensor networks
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Abstract Future sensor networks will be composed of a large number of densely deployed sensors/actuators. A key feature of such networks is that their nodes are untethered and unattended. Consequently, energy efficiency is an important design consideration for

Performance evaluation of geographical routing protocol under different traffic scenario
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Abstract:Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network (VANET) has attracted lot of research effort due to its applicability in the areas of road safety, infotainment and driving experience obtainable at a very low cost. Being a wireless network, issues in VANET domain include random packet

Energy Efficient Geographical Routing Protocol with Location Aware Routing in MANET
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Abstract-A Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) is a kind of wireless ad-hoc network, and is a self configuring network of mobile routers (and associated hosts) connected by wireless links the union of which forms an arbitrary topology. The routers are free to move randomly

Location aided cluster based geographical routing protocol for intermittently connected MANET
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Abstract In mobile ad hoc network (MANET), the increased node mobility causes increased control overhead. The existing route discovery technique is not efficient for intermittently connected or Delay Tolerant Network (DTN). In order to overcome these issues, in this

Geographical Multicast Quality of Service Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks
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Abstract:Recently, the necessity of applications where many users have to interact in a close manner over mobile Ad-Hoc networks gains high popularity. Multicast communication is essential in this type of applications to reduce the overhead of group communication.

Enhancing Geographical Routing Protocol Using Swarm Intelligence
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Abstract: A MANET (Mobile Ad hoc Network) which ensures wireless connections between cars/vehicles is called Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET). Though geographic routing in VANETs was recently the cynosure, developing multi-hop communication in such

Road Perception based Geographical Routing Protocol for Vehicular ad hoc Networks
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Abstract Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) are going to be an emerged multi-hop communication exploit among vehicles to deliver data packets. The special characteristics of vehicular network make the communication link between vehicles to be unreliable. To

GPSR GEOGRAPHICAL ROUTING PROTOCOL USING MANET
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Abstract MANETs is self-organizing and independent infrastructures, which make them an ideal choice for uses such as communication and information sharing. Nodes in MANETs are vulnerable to malicious entities that aim to tamper and analyze data and traffic

GEOGRAPHICAL AND SIGNALING BASED ROUTING PROTOCOL IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS
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The main goal in wireless sensor nodes (WSNs) is to minimize energy consumption, computation and communication between nodes. So far many routing algorithms were proposed for wireless sensor networks. Early developed algorithms were mainly related to

Geo-Gossip: A Gossip based Geographical Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
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Abstract. Existing ad hoc routing protocols induce large number of control packets while trying to discover the present location of a destination node in the network. Geographical ad hoc routing protocols reduce control packet overhead using past information about the

A new packet forwarding algorithm in geographical location based mobile ad hocrouting protocol
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Abstract:-The packet forwarding algorithms in the existing geographical location based Ad Hoc routing protocols consider only one factor that influences the performance of the routing protocols. Therefore, the performance of these protocols is not good enough. In this paper,

A Geographical Routing Protocol
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Abstract Emerging networked systems require domain-specific routing protocols to cope with the challenges faced by the aeronautical environment. We present a geographic routing protocol AeroRP for multihop routing in highly dynamic MANETs. The AeroRP algorithm

Geographical and Energy Aware Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
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Abstract: A Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) which typically consists of a large number of wireless sensor nodes formed in a network fashion, is deployed in environmental fields to serve various sensing and actuating applications. Many routing, power management, and

An Analysis of Geographical location based Routing Protocol
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Abstract Mobile Adhoc Networks indicate wireless nodes that are freely and dynamically self organize into arbitrary and temporary network topologies. In recent years a lot of attention has been drawn on geographic routing portal. But in geographic routing there is a lack of

Probabilistic geographic routing protocol for ad hoc and sensor networks
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ABSTRACT In this paper, we present Probabilistic Geographic Routing (PGR), a novel approach for the problem of power-aware routing in wireless ad hoc and sensor networks. Our protocol uses only local information to probabilistically forward the packet to the next

Ants-Based Routing in Large Scale Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks.
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To build these logical routers, nodes geographically close to each other are grouped together. A scalable location service for geographic ad hoc

An energy aware WSN geographic routing protocol
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Abstract:Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) consist of small nodes with sensing, computation, and wireless communications capabilities. Many routing, power management, and data dissemination protocols have been specially designed for WSNs. The focus has

MaxProp: Routing for Vehicle-Based Disruption-Tolerant Networks.
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Figure 3 shows the exact geographical coverage of the buses. shows the density of bus- to-bus connection opportunities during a one month period in that geographic area We evaluated our protocol in the context of other routing algorithms and in three topological environments


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