RESEARCH PAPERS

smart grid research papers




Smart Grid Wide Area Monitoring, Protection and Control
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ABSTRACT For century, there has been no change in the fundamental structure of the electrical power grid and vehicle networks. Current hierarchical, centrally controlled grid of the electrical grid is not best for growing demand. To address the challenges of the existing 

Report to NIST on the smart grid interoperability standards roadmap
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has made a smart electrical grid a key element of his plan to lower energy costs for consumers, achieve energy independence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A smart grid would employ real-time, two-way communication 

Web services for integration of smart houses in the smart grid
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ABSTRACT Radical changes in the energy system, at the lower network level, will require integration of smart houses in the smart grid in order to realize the full potential. Introduction of renewables, an increase of distributed generation, and the trend towards an all-electric 

Implementing smart grid communications
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establishing robust data transport WANs to the distribution feeder and customer level. The proliferation of information technology utilizing Internet protocol (IP) transport over 

Accelerating the Use of Demand Response and Smart Grid Technologies is an Essential Part of the Solution to America's Energy, Economic and Environmental
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Energy and climate change will be top priorities for the Obama Administration and Congress way that consumers interact with it-is essential to help meet key energy, economic and 

Wireless networks for the smart energy grid: application aware networks
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ABSTRACT Telecommunications operators are well versed in deploying 2G and 3G wireless networks. These networks presently support the mobile business user and/or retail consumer wishing to place conventional voice calls and data connections. The electrical 

The cooperative internet of things enabled smart grid
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ABSTRACT The strong coupling of Information and Communication (ICT) technologies– especially via the usage of networked embedded devices–with the energy domain, is leading to a sophisticated dynamic ecosystem referred to as the Internet of Energy. In the 

Prospects of smart grid technologies for a sustainable and secure power supply
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ABSTRACT Deregulation and privatization are posing new challenges on high voltage transmission and on distributions systems as well. System elements are loaded up to their thermal limits, and power trading with fast varying load patterns is contributing to an 

P2: Privacy-Preserving Communication and Precise Reward Architecture for V2G Networks inSmart Grid.
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ABSTRACT Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) networks are important com-ponents of the smart grid (SG) for their capability of providing better ancillary services and facilitating the adoption of renewable resources. The operation of the V2G networks is based on continuously 

Literature review on smart grid cyber security
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ABSTRACT The current US electrical power grid is an out-of-date infrastructure, and the Smart Grid is an upgrade that will add many new functionalities to meet customers' new power requirements. Updating a system as complex as the electrical power grid has the potential 

Implementing the smart grid: enterprise information integration
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ABSTRACT This paper presents some of the merging Smart Grid applications and discusses information systems requirements for a broad-base implementation of the Smart Grid applications. It provides representative examples, discusses existing challenges, and 

The Smart Grid: An Estimation of the Energy and CO2 Benefits
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ABSTRACT This report articulates nine mechanisms by which the smart grid can reduce energy use and carbon impacts associated with electricity generation and delivery. The quantitative estimates of potential reductions in electricity sector energy and associated CO2 

Smart Grid Communications: QoS Stovepipes or QoS Interoperability?
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ABSTRACT Interoperability is a key requirement for data communications in the smart grid. It has been articulated at great length by the GridWise Architecture Council (GWAC). However, the interoperability issues identified here to date include only interoperability of the data 

Study of Security Attributes of Smart Grid Systems–Current Cyber Security Issues
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ABSTRACT This document provides information for a report to congress on Smart Grid security as required by Section 1309 of Title XIII of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The security of any future Smart Grid is dependent on successfully addressing 

Smart grid cyber security strategy and requirements
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The Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) promotes the US economy and public welfare by providing technical leadership for the Nation's measurement and standards infrastructure. ITL develops tests, 

The semantically enabled smart grid
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PowerPoint even more ambiguous, often misleading, not computational Databases mostly capture property values;Abstractions (ontological commitments) of the model are implicit in the DB schema Code (eg, Java) often a limited extraction, context and hierarchy of 

Towards modelling the impact of cyber attacks on a smart grid
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This paper provides an introduction to cyber attack impact analysis in the smart grid and highlights existing research in the field. We present an impact analysis framework where we focus on the model synthesis stage where both cyber and physical grid entity relationships 

PG&E's Perspective on Demand Response under the Smart Grid Paradigm
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? DR Service Provider (Aggregator) programs are a major and growing part of the DR portfolio.? Emergency programs will continue to be an important part of PG&E DR programs as well.? Auto DR is a program that provides for an automated system to signal customers 

Modelling and evaluation of power line for smart grid communication
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ABSTRACT This paper presents nowadays power line using for Smart grid application. Paper illustrated the development of theoretical and experimental study of power line cables characteristic in the frequency range 10 kHz–10 MHz. Primarily, it is focus on a realization 

Semantic Web Technologies for a Smart Energy Grid: Requirements and Challenges.
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ABSTRACT The Smart Grid aims at making the current energy grid more efficient and eco- friendly. The Smart Grid features an IT-layer, which allows communication between a multitude of stakeholders and will have to be integrated with other smart systems (eg, 

The smart electricity grid and scientific research
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POLICYFORUM and cultural trends could be studied by social scientists. Comparisons across countries could be fascinating. Electricity use in the home is of interest to epidemiologists. Appliance usage may be a main effect variable in epidemiologic studies 

The smart grid and the promise of demand-side management
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• Load shifting. Demand response (DR) programs transfer customer load during periods of high demand to off-peak periods and can reduce critical peak demand (the 20-50 hours of greatest demand throughout the year) or daily peak demand (the maximum demand 

Smart Grid projects in Europe: lessons learned and current developments
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY A smart electricity grid opens the door to new applications with far- reaching impacts: providing the capacity to safely integrate more renewable energy sources (RES), electric vehicles and distributed generators into the network; delivering power 

'Smart Grid'may be vulnerable to hackers
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technology, digitally based electricity distribution and transmission system known as the" Smart Grid" ? Tests have shown that a hacker can break into the system, and cybersecurity 

Running smart grid control software on cloud computing architectures
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ABSTRACT There are pressing economic as well as environmental arguments for the overhaul of the current outdated power grid, and its replacement with a Smart Grid that integrates new kinds of green power generating systems, monitors power use, and adapts consumption 

Smart Grid: an overview
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ABSTRACT This paper briefly discusses evolution of Smart Grid development. Smart Grid is important as it will take us towards energy independence and environmentally sustainable economic growth. Growth of Smart Power Grid in India will slowly but surely take us 

Systems and Control Opportunities in the Integration of Renewable Energy into the Smart Grid
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ABSTRACT The Smart Grid is among the most important and ambitious endeavors of our time. Deep integration of renewable energy sources is one component of the Smart Grid vision. A fundamental difficulty here is that renewable energy sources are highly variable–they are 

Energy consumption scheduler for demand response systems in the smart grid
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This paper presents a design and evaluates the performance of a power consumption scheduler in smart grid homes or buildings, aiming at reducing the peak load in them as well as in the system-wide power transmission network. Following the task model consist of 

Field-testing smart houses for a smart grid
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ABSTRACT The current electricity distribution system treats home and working environments as consisting of isolated and passive individual energy-consuming units. This severely limits the achieved energy efficiency and sustainability, as it ignores the potential 

IEC 61850 based OPC UA Communication-The Future of Smart Grid Automation
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ABSTRACT Within this contribution, we outline the use of the new automation standards family OPC Unified Architecture (IEC 62541) in scope with the IEC 61850 field automation standard. The IEC 61850 provides both anABSTRACT data model and anABSTRACT Source: EIA Page 4. Visualizing The Smart Grid Page 5. Page 6. Example of a Smart Home 

West Virginia smart grid implementation plan-roadmap framework
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This presentation was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States gy Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes 

QoS requirements for the smart grid communications system
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Summary A communications infrastructure is necessary in order to integrate numerous devices on the smart grid. Among the key technology areas, the implementation of integrated communications infrastructure needs to be performed with the highest priority to 

Smart Grid security and architectural thinking
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Smart grid means automation of the electric power grid, and automation often means computerization, which can create new cyber security risks to a process if proper thought to the system design is not applied. When implementing a smart grid project, security issues 

Securing RDS broadcast messages for smart grid applications
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Efforts to reduce peak electrical demand have led to the introduction of demand response (DR) programmes for residences. DR programmes allow customers to reduce or shift consumption to off-peak periods in response to price signals. The RDS network is a strong 

The Distributed Storage-Generation 'Smart'Electric Grid of the Future
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By 2050, North America will need somewhere between 15 and 20 Terawatt hours/year of electric power (DOE/EIA estimate 1). The storage, transmission, and distribution technologies of the smart grid of the future-a web-enabled, digitally controlled, intelligent 

Plug-in hybrid vehicles, wind power, and the smart grid
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Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) are being developed with larger batteries that will charge during off-peak hours, and allow the driver to use exclusively electric power for 30– 50 miles of driving, switching to gasoline for longer trips. PHEVs offer customers the 

A Proposed Broadband Power Line Communication System for Smart Grid Applications in a Typical Egyptian Network
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ABSTRACT Broadband over Power Line (BPL) has evolved since its advent in the United States in 2001. Whereas then the focus was on commercial services, such as high-speed Internet access and VoIP, now there is probably as much or more interest in using BPL for 

Japan's Initiative on Smart Grid–A Proposal of 'Nature Grid'
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Deputy Director Information Economy Division  Page 3. What Kind of Smart Grid for What Purpose? Definitions ? US Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 

Evolution and Progress of Smart Grid Development at the Department of Energy
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Page 1. Evolution and Progress of Smart Grid Development at the Department of Energy Organizations Working on Smart Grid FERC DOE-OE Grid 2030 GridWise Alliance EEI 

Smart Loads and Smart Grids-Creating the Smart Grid Business Case
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ABSTRACT While the core operations of the grid attract the most smart grid attention, the most important smart interactions will come from the grid's end nodes which include industrial facilities, commercial buildings and homes. The end nodes do not have the constraints on 

Hacking the smart grid
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ABSTRACT The city of Miami and several commercial partners plan to rollout a smart grid of news that foreign agents have infiltrated our existing electrical infrastructure and that 

Open automated demand response technologies for dynamic pricing and smart grid
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ABSTRACT We present an Open Automated Demand Response Communications Specifications (OpenADR) data model capable of communicating real-time prices to electricity customers. We also show how the same data model could be used to for other 

Steps to smart grid realization
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ABSTRACT In principle, the smart grid is a simple upgrade of 20th century power grids which generally" broadcast" power from a few central power generators to a large number of users to instead be capable of routing power in more optimal ways to respond to a very wide  During the last few months of this decade, the electric utility industry has experienced a momentous season. The business of electricity generation, transmission, distribution, and consumption has been thrust to the forefront of public discourse–as both a villain and 

A Smart Grid architecture for supporting open access to power grids
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ABSTRACT Smart Grid is the application of modern information, communication, and electronics technology to the electricity delivery infrastructure. It has been shown that traditional grid design for securing reliability and trade-offs between lines and plants 

mosaik-Smart Grid Simulation API
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ABSTRACT Simulation is an important method to test and evaluate new control mechanisms for future Smart Grids. To generate sound simulation results one has to use validated and established simulation models. In this paper we present the first two out of six layers of our 

Industry Smart Grid Interoperability–From Roadmap to Action
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Page 1. Industry Smart Grid Interoperability – From Roadmap to Action President, Power DeliveryUtilization Acher Moss  Work completed by an EPRI led team • Smart Grid Vision and Reference Model • Identified 75 existing standards 

Key Smart Grid Applications
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1.ABSTRACT The culmination of attention by utilities, regulators, and society for smart grid systems to address operational and electrical efficiencies, improving system reliability, and reducing ecological impacts, has resulted in a significant number of discussions around 

Smart sensors and online condition monitoring of high voltage cables for the smart grid
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ABSTRACT Online fault detection and monitoring will play a crucial role in the development of the Smart Grid. The use of smart sensors and controls for remote monitoring are integral to the Smart Grid's operation. One of the most effective ways to assess the insulation 

Electric Field Energy Harvesting Powered Wireless Sensors for Smart Grid
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ABSTRACT –In this paper, a new energy harvesting technology using stray electric field of an electric power line is presented. It is found that energy can be harvested and stored in the storage capacitor that is connected to a cylindrical aluminum foil wrapped around a 

Agents for active network management and condition monitoring in the smart grid
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ABSTRACT Recent interest in the smart grid or intelligent grid concept focuses on the desired capabilities of future energy networks, without much consideration of how to transition from current networks to the smart grid of tomorrow. This paper explores the 

Linked data and complex event processing for the smart energy grid
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ABSTRACT The Smart Grid aims at making the current energy grid more efficient and eco- friendly. The Smart Grid features an IT-layer, which allows communication between a multitude of stakeholders and will have to be integrated with other smart systems (eg, 

Smart grid standards and systems interoperability: a precedent with OpenADR
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ABSTRACT This paper describes the Smart Grid standards and systems interoperability through Open Automated Demand Response Standard (OpenADR) conformance development process. The process aligns closely with the national and GridWise Architecture 

Advancing Smart Grid Interoperability and Implementing NIST's Interoperability Roadmap
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ABSTRACT The IEEE American National Standards project P2030TM addressing smart grid interoperability and the IEEE 1547 series of standards addressing distributed resources interconnection with the grid have been identified in priority action plans in the Report to 

Smart Grid-Smart Customer Policy Needs
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The use of smart grids and smart meters will bring about a fundamental change in the relationship between customers and energy providers. Large amounts of detailed customer data will become available, and energy providers will be able to control the conditions of 

From Strong to Smart: the Chinese Smart Grid and its relation with the Globe
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ABSTRACT Since 2004, electricity consumption in China has been growing at an unprecedented rate due to the rapid growth of industrial sectors. Serious supply shortage during 2005 had impacted the operation of many Chinese companies. Since then, China 

Smart Grid Technologies Feasibility Study: Increasing decentralized generation power injection using global active network management
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ABSTRACT The current paper presents how smart grids technologies like Active Network Management (ANM) can be used as an alternative solution to network infrastructure reinforcement in order to increase Distributed Generation (DG) connection/injection 

Smart grid research at TTU
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Gain: 22 dB (RX selectable filter: 20 MHz)? Gain: 22 dB (RX selectable filter: 20 MHz)? Phase noise at 100 kHz from carrier:–101 dBc (RF: 425 MHz)? Phase noise at 10 kHz from carrier:–73 dBc (RF: 425 MHz)? Sensitivity:–105 dBm (BW: 300 kHz, SNR: 0 dB)

Real time monitoring of the state of smart grid
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Reliability and economic-costs of the distributive network depends upon the quality of the maintenance like: fast and expeditiously elimination of faults or systematic network renovation. In the isolated network, where are full untreated trees, could be multifold 

Advanced control and dispatch for smart grid
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1. Telemetry updates every 10 seconds 2. State Estimation (SE) executes (full AC) every 60 seconds 3. Security Analysis (SA)* executes (full AC) every 60 seconds 4. TLC*(Transfer Limit Calculator) executes every 3-5 minutes and recalculates (full AC) voltage collapse 

A survey of the Smart Grid Technologies: background, motivation and practical applications
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ABSTRACT This paper presents the survey of the smart grid technologies, including the background, motivation and practical applications. The driving forces for the smart grid technologies are presented, including the blackout, global energy crisis and 

PV cell module modelingANN simulation for smart grid applications
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ABSTRACT This paper proposes general and specific modeling and simulation for Schott ASE-300-DGF PV panel for Smart Grid applications. This is done, with the aid of MATLAB environment and Artificial Neural Network (ANN). First modeling of PV cell module at 

CRIEPI's Research on Smart Grid, TIPS
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 Page 4. Smart Grid Project in China Strong and reliable, economical and highly efficient, clean and environmental, open and transparent, friendly and interactive  Page 5. Smart Grid Project in Taiwan Enhance power grid safe and reliable, improve generatingdispatching 

Human centered information integration for the smart grid
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Development of the Smart Grid, a modernized power infrastructure, is one of the key technological challenges facing the United States at the dawn of the 21st century. According to the Department of Energy, the smart grid should:(1) Enable active participation by 

Will the smart grid promote smart customer decisions?
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Providing real-time feedback to customers on their energy consumption should help them better manage their energy behavior? New empirical evidence from a number of pilots shows that in-home displays and similar devices that are enabled by the smart grid can 

The Smart Grid, getting the Incentives Right
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?SmartGrids is a new concept for electricity networks across Europe. The initiative responds to the rising challenges and opportunities, bringing benefits to all users, stakeholders and companies that perform efficiently and effectively?SmartGrids will use revolutionary new 

Smart grid technology overview
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GPS-synchronized phasor measurement units (PMUs) at important nodes in the power system send real-time phasor (angle and magnitude) data to a control centre. The acquired phasor data provides dynamic information on power systems, which helps operators (or 

A new algorithm for smart grid protection based on synchronized sampling
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ABSTRACT Conventional distribution systems are usually radially operated, supplied at one end through a main source. The presence of a massive Distributed Generation (DG) from renewable sources radically changes the radial operation of these systems. Indeed, from 

A smart recloser for the smart grid
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THROUGH THE GRIDAPP CONSORTIUM, DTE ENERGY AND THE ELECTRIC CO. HAVE TEAMED UP on a US Department of Energy (DOE) pilot project to test and install the new TripSaver Dropout Recloser. The goal of the GridApp Consortium is to reduce 

Communication security for SCADA in smart grid environment
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ABSTRACT Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition systems are basically Process Control Systems, designed to automate systems such as traffic control, power grid management, waste processing etc. Conventionally, SCADA is connected only in a limited private 

A simulator for the control network of smart grid architectures
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ABSTRACT We present an extensible simulation framework that has been developed to facilitate research on smart data exchange in power grids. Smart grids integrate traditional power grid technologies and information and communication technologies to generate, 

Sizing Up the Smart Grid
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• DER–downstream solar, wind, storage, and other resources are already entering, but the smart grid will improve their economics via time-differentiated prices and customer or utility dispatch• PHEV–with the SG, PHEV charging can be better controlled and both G2V and 

Integrating Smart Houses with the Smart Grid Through Web Services for Increasing Energy Efficiency
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Carried out by MVV (= supplier and DSO)? 100 Smart Houses in an ecological settlement? Photovoltaic and CHP in many houses? Prior experiment „Washing with the sun Validation of the BEMI developed by ISET? Testing the ability to control a 

General requirements for a Smart Grid architecture–remarks on standards for implementation
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ABSTRACT The paper presents importance of standardization and potential standards relevant for Smart Grid implementation mainly focused on ICT standards. Short overview of current work performed by different bodies round the world is presented. The paper presents 

A Smart Grid Approach To Regulation And Ramping
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Reserve generation units that lumber to full output in 10 minutes will not be enough to meet the regulation and ramping requirements of the future. Either we will need considerably more of these ramp-limited reserves, or we must deploy resources with much faster- 

What is the real potential of the Smart Grid
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ABSTRACT Summary: The electric utility industry continues to drive technology solutions toward a Smart Grid. This paper explains the differences between today's AMI systems and the capabilities of a Smart or Intelligent Grid (IG). The significant challenges of implementing 

Survey of smart grid concepts worldwide
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ABSTRACT The objective of this report is to compile various smart grid concepts, architectures and details of associated technologies implemented worldwide. The survey is based on initiatives taken by EU and IEA (eg ETP, EEGI, EERA and IEA DSM) and description of 

Interoperability and Security for Converged Smart Grid Networks
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ABSTRACT This paper investigates interoperability and cyber security issues that arise with the use of Converged Smart Grid Networks in distribution utilities. Due to the interoperability proffered by IP, several progressive utilities are considering placing control 

Electrical Energy Storage  Smart Grid Technologies to Integrate the next generation of Renewable Power Systems
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ABSTRACT The growth of renewable power sources, distributed generation and the potential for alternative fuelled modes of transport such as electric vehicles has led to concerns over the ability of existing grid systems to facilitate such diverse portfolio mixes in already 

Optimizing offices for the smart grid
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ABSTRACT The Smart Grid promises to not only provide for a more reliable distribution infrastructure, but also give the end-users better pricing and information. It is thus interesting for them to be ready to take advantage of features such as dynamic energy pricing and 

Power electronic systems as a crucial part of Smart Grid infrastructure-a survey
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This article gives a tutorial overview of the most important issues related to the use of power electronic systems in power engineering, with respect to the urgent need for modernization of existing grids in the direction of intelligent networks. The main problems and conditions 

EPRI smart grid R&D overview
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 Smart Grid Characteristics – Self-Healing and Adaptive – Interactive with consumers and markets  PV Page 9. 9 © 2007 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. EPRI Smart Grid Demonstration: Integrating Distributed Resources 

Special Issue on Computational Intelligence in Smart Grid
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The growing energy demand and environmental concerns have increased interests of academia, industry, and governments in the development of a smart electric power grid. While the existing power grid has served us well in the past, innovative technologies and 

Overview of strategies and goals of Smart Grid in Europe
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 States, DOE is tracking activities grouped under six chief characteristics of the envisioned Smart Grid*: 1. Enables informed participation by customers; DEPLOYMENT PRIORITIES  20 Page 21. Smart Grid Program DOE Strategic Areas of Focus: DEPLOYMENT PRIORITIES 

The Case Against the Smart Grid
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(8) Provision to consumers of timely information and control options.(9) Development of standards for communication and interoperability of appliances and equipment connected to the electric grid, including the infrastructure serving the grid.(10) Identification and 

Smart Grid: The Road Ahead
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From the time that Thomas Edison commissioned the world's first power system in 1882, the electric power industry has continually moved forward–working to improve the functionality, efficiency, and availability of electricity. Through evolutionary advancements in technology 

Distribution automation for back-feed network power restoration emerges as a key smart gridtechnology
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One of the key characteristics of the much-discussed Smart Grid refers to electric power systems that enhance grid reliability and efficiency by automatically anticipating and responding to system disturbances. To achieve Smart Grid status at the power distribution 

Computer relaying for smart grid protection
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ABSTRACT In order to improve reliability and availability in upcoming smart grids, a number of effective actions based on new digital protection systems are suggested. The functions of new generation digital protections are presented and discussed, and operating solutions 

a novel FACTS based modulated power filter compensation scheme for smart electric grid stabilization and efficient utilization
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ABSTRACT This paper presents a novel modulated power filter compensator (MPFC) scheme for the smart grid stabilization and efficient utilization. The MPFC is controlled by a novel tri-loop dynamic error driven inter coupled modified PID controller. The Matlab 

Information model standard for integrating facilities with smart grid
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generating plants through regional transmission systems to local distribution networks and end loads. Market operations centers and the generation and transmission systems make control actions with limited situational awareness and information about customer 

Smart Grid Provisions in HR 6, 110th Congress
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Summary The term Smart Grid refers to a distribution system that allows for flow of information from a customer's meter in two directions: both inside the house to thermostats and appliances and other devices, and back to the utility. This could allow appliances to 

A Realities simulation platform of LR-WPAN in Smart Home Grid
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ABSTRACT Applications of LR-WPAN in Smart Home Grid bring difficulties and challenges on the field designs and assignments. Simulation is important for analysis of a complex and harsh network environment in order to provide the performances of it. In this paper, we 

Exploring the value of flexibility: A smart grid discussion
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Page 1. Exploring the Value of Flexibility: A Smart Grid Discussion. Power Plant and Power System the Value of Flexibility: A Smart Grid Discussion. Page 4. Power Hub Project 

Smart Grid
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? Today's grid is aging and outmoded? Unreliability is costing consumers billions? Today's grid is vulnerable to attack and natural disaster? An extended loss of today's grid could be catastrophic to our security, economy and quality of life? Today's grid does not address the 

From data to knowledge to action: Enabling the smart grid
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Our nation's infrastructure for generating, transmitting, and distributing electricity–The Grid– is a relic based in many respects on century-old technology. It consists of expensive, centralized generation via large plants, and a massive transmission and distribution 

IEEE smart grid series of standards, IEEE 2030 (interoperability) and IEEE 1547 (interconnection) status
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ABSTRACT The IEEE American National Standards smart grid publications and standards development projects IEEE 2030, which addresses smart grid interoperability, and IEEE 1547TM, which addresses distributed resources interconnection with the grid, have made 

Smart tariff for smart meters in smart grid
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ABSTRACT The power grid is aging and congested and faces new challenges and stresses that put at risk its ability to reliably deliver power to an economy that is increasingly dependent on electricity. A growing recognition of the need to modernize the grid to meet 

Architecturally significant interfaces for the smart grid
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ABSTRACT Collaboration is of the essence of smart grids. Smart grids enable participants to collaborate to align energy supply and demand. The architecturally significant interfaces of smart grids are those that are at boundaries between the collaborating entities. These 

Beyond the Smart Grid: Building Networks
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ABSTRACT Most effort to date on the Smart Grid has focused on what is possible in the near term, with today's technology and paradigms, for the most part on how to bring the power of information technology to existing functionalities. This is absolutely necessary, but a 

A conceptual approach to data visualization for user interface design of smart grid operation tools
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ABSTRACT This paper deals with a conceptual approach to visualization of the operation and simulation tools in electric power systems. Since the introduction of graphic user interface (GUI), many application programs have adopted graphics for user interface and the 

Advancing Smart Grid Interoperability and Implementing NIST's Interoperability Roadmap: IEEE P2030TM Initiative and IEEE 1547TM Interconnection
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ABSTRACT The IEEE American National Standards project P2030TM addressing smart grid interoperability and the IEEE 1547 series of standards addressing distributed resources interconnection with the grid have been identified in priority action plans in the Report to 

Strategic use of smart meters data and AMI capability to develop advanced smart distributiongrid applications
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ABSTRACT Advances in communication technology, data base management systems and smart meters open the door to deploy numerous new applications for optimizing the distribution network operation. This paper explores new advanced applications in the area 

Synchrophasor for smart grid with IEEE 1588-2008 synchronism
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ABSTRACT –We propose a new synchronized technique for Smart Grid. A PTP-Based IEEE 1588-2008 Global System has been defined. Specifically for PMUs with synchronism needs up to the microsecond range, for Energy Measurements System (EMS), for Intelligent 

Privacy preservation scheme for multicast communications in smart buildings of the smart grid
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ABSTRACT Privacy preservation is a crucial issue for smart buildings where all kinds of messages, eg, power usage data, control commands, events, alarms, etc. are transmitted to accomplish the management of power. Without appropriate privacy protection schemes, 

Cloud-based software platform for data-driven smart grid management
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ABSTRACT There is a global effort to incorporate pervasive sensors, actuators and data networks into national power grids. This Smart Grid offers deep monitoring and controls, but needs advanced analytics over millions of data streams for efficient and reliable 

Modeling of Cyber Attacks for Assessing Smart Grid Security
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SUMMARY Smart grid developments will enable numerous new services with new traffic patterns. These developments will change radically both network accesses and core architectures and technologies. A smart grid is likely to be topological complex, to contain 

Agent-based homeostatic control for green energy in the smart grid
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ABSTRACT With dwindling non-renewable energy reserves and the adverse effects of climate change, the development of the smart electricity grid is seen as key to solving global energy security issues and to reducing carbon emissions. In this respect, there is a 

Congestion management in a smart grid via shadow prices
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ABSTRACT We consider a distribution grid interconnecting a number of consumers with flexible power consumption. Each consumer is under the jurisdiction of exactly one balancing responsible party (BRP), who buys energy at a day-ahead electricity market on behalf of 

Governing Infrastructure Networks for a Low Carbon Economy: the case of the smart grid in the UK
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ABSTRACT This paper analyses efforts to promote innovation in the UK energy networks sector. Using a case study approach, we chart the co-evolution between technologies and institutions in electricity distribution networks since the introduction of privatisation and 

Evaluation of smart grid and civilian UAV vulnerability to GPS spoofing attacks
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ABSTRACT Test results are presented from over-the-air civil GPS spoofing tests from a non- negligible stand-off distance. These tests were performed at White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) against two systems dependent on civil GPS, a civilian unmanned aerial vehicle ( 

SMART GRID
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The efficient utilization, control, and exploration of various energy resources have always been subjects of great concern to our society. Conventional power systems are optimized to generate electricity, based primarily on fossil-fueled centralized generating stations, and 

UK Smart Grid Cyber Security
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This introductory section is an extension of the executive summary which provides further background material and a brief overview of the main body and key points of the report, describing key considerations and initiatives required to develop and implement a 

An advanced energy/power meter based on ARM microcontroller for smart grid applications
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ABSTRACT The Smart Grids are an electricity delivery system which monitors, protects and optimizes the operation of its interconnected elements from end to end. They include central and distributed renewable energy generators through the electrical network. Thus, it can 

Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid
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The motivation of this research is to develop ways to utilize the control and flexibility of the electric grid topology. In particular, the concept of optimal transmission switching is proposed and examined. Previous research has identified transmission as a valuable 


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