RESEARCH PAPERS

the thermal protection system for space shuttle




Thermal protection system technology and facility needs for demanding future planetary missions
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 What is TPS? The Thermal Protection System (TPS) protects (insulates) a body from the severe heating encountered during hypersonic flight through a planetary atmosphere.  Project Manager, Thermal Protection Materials  Systems Branch ‡Senior Staff Scientist 

Assessment of Technologies for the Space Shuttle External Tank Thermal Protection System and Recommendations for Technology Improvement, Part 1:
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The use of foam insulation on the External Tank (ET) was necessitated by the potentially hazardous build up of ice on the vehicle prior to and during launch. This use of foam was initiated on the Saturn V rocket which, like the Space Shuttle, used cryogenic fuel. Two   The focus is on the engineering challenges-propulsion, thermal protection, electronics, onboard systems-and the  preparation that Heppenheimer explains in detail. Download History of the Space Shuttle, Volume Two: Development of the Space Shuttle, 

Static and aerothermal tests of a superalloy honeycomb prepackaged thermal protection system
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 In addition, the SAHC two-panel array was thermally analyzed with the nite  to simulate the thermal and static pressure environments to which spacecraft thermal protection systems are exposed  The 20-panel array was exposed to thermal and aerodynamic loads at hypersonic 

A summary of the space shuttle Columbia tragedy and the use of LS-DYNA in the accident investigation and return to flight efforts
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 miles per hour causing the breach in the leading edge thermal protection system that ultimately  The Shuttle launch system, commonly referred to as the launch stack consists of  the Orbiter see temperatures up to 3000 Degrees Fahrenheit and are thermally protected through the 

Material modeling of space shuttle leading edge and external tank materials for use in the Columbia accident investigation
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 in the Space Shuttle Columbia accident are classified as belonging to the Thermal Protection System (TPS) [1  In addition to possessing superior thermal characteristics, RCC is also relatively stiff.  To protect the carbon of the substrate layers from the atomic oxygen of near earth 

Thermal stress analysis of Space Shuttle orbiter wing skin panel and thermal protection system
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SUMMARY Preflight thermal stress analysis of the space shuttle orbiter wing skin panel and the thermal protection system (TPS) was performed. The heated skin panel analyzed was rectangular in shape and contained a small square cool region at its center. The wing skin 

Inductive System Health Monitoring.
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 archived telemetry data collected from the ill-fated STS-107 Columbia Space Shuttle mission.  of the accident was determined to be a breach in the Thermal Protection System on the  analyses IMS detected anomalies much earlier in the data than monitoring systems available in 

Processing of porous oxide ceramics
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 The requirement for a reusable system to thermally protect the Space  [9,10,11,12]. In space missions prior to the Shuttle, ablative materials were utilized for thermal protection during reentry. The main disadvantages to ablative systems were the one time usage and weight. 

Assessment of Technologies for the Space Shuttle External Tank Thermal Protection System and Recommendations for Technology Improvement, Part 2:
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ABSTRACT A technology review and assessment of modeling and analysis efforts underway in support of a safe return to flight of the thermal protection system (TPS) for the Space Shuttle external tank (ET) are summarized. This review and assessment effort focuses on the 

Reference Mission Version 3.0: Addendum to the Human Exploration of Mars: The Reference Mission of the NASA Mars Exploration Study Team
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EVA Systems. Transportation System Improvements ..  STS Space Transportation System  TPS Thermal Protection System Page 9. vii Foreword 

HASA, Hypersonic Aerospace Sizing Analysis, for the Preliminary Design of Aerospace Vehicles
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 component weights are ob_.ained frmn statistical eqt,ations fi_r the body, wing, tail, thermal protection system, landing gear.  tank, hydraulic system, avi_mics, _'h:etrical system, equipment, payload, and  The propulsion systems considered include turbojets,turboramjets, 

Characterization of zirconium diboride for thermal protection systems
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 Keywords: Zirconium diboride, silicon carbide, molybdenum disilicide, thermal protection systems  carbide (SiC) or molybdenum disilicide (MoSi2) were investigated as potential thermal protection system (TPS) materials for  of the carbon substrate, but is only able to protect up to 

Advanced space propulsion systems
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 Drag + Gravity 1,500 – 2,000 m/s) Single Stage Chemical Propulsion System (3,500 m/s  150 – 250 s Bipropellant Engines • Used for launchers and spacecraft primary propulsion systems  separate plug is needed or propellants ignite at contact (hypergolic – like in Space Shuttle) 

Comparison between impulse and holographic subsurface radar for NDT of space vehicle structural materials
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 methods and devices for non- destructive testing and evaluation of the Space Shuttle Thermal Protection System, the external  on the shuttle (see Figure 1), proposed CEV, and other space vehicles  less than 2 to 3cm - beyond the abilities of conventional impulse radar systems. 

Advances in thin film sensor technologies for engine applications
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 carbide, aluminum oxide (alumina), mullite, ceramic matrix composites, space shuttle thermal protection system tiles, and  The thickness of the thermally grown oxide and sputter deposited alumina  configuration is stable and repeatable within 200 between thermal cycles to 1100 

Next generations space transportation systems
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 V-201 flight test is expected to provide in-flight verification of thermal protection blankets and  flight test will provide useful data for the development of future reusable space transportation systems. The ISS CRV vehicle is conceived as a reusable transportation system, in the form 

What do You Mean? Finding Answers to Complex Questions.
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 plate analysis approach used as an assump- tion for simplification or will all thermally protected sur- faces  The question: Are Thermal Protection systems of space- crafts commonly composed of one panel or a collection of smaller tiles? will result in system feedback in the 

Advanced Technology and the Space Shuttle
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 advancement in thermal protection technology to achieve reuse as had been ~reviously supposed.  of design that often make or break a configuration; the wealth of system options made it  roughness on a pseudo-delta body whose entire surface was so protected (NASA/LaRC). 


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