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Water Distribution Network IEEE PAPER



Optimal design of water distribution network using shuffled complex evolution
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ABSTRACT EPANET, a widely used water distribution network simulation model, is used in this study to deal with both the steady state and extended period simulation and is linked with a powerful optimization algorithm, Shuffled Complex Evolution (SCE). SCE deals with

Water distribution network optimization using a modified genetic algorithm
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Abstract. A modified genetic algorithm (GA) is proposed for water distribution network optimization. Several changes are introduced in the selection and mutation processes of a simple GA. In each generation a constant number of solutions is eliminated, the selected

Contamination potential of drinking water distribution network biofilms
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Abstract Drinking water distribution system biofilms were investigated for the presence of hygienically relevant microorganisms. Early biofilm formation was evaluated in biofilm reactors on stainless steel, copper, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polyethylene coupons

Tabu search solution of water distribution network optimization
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ABSTRACT The optimization of water distribution networks are complex, multi-modal and discretevariable problems that cannot be easily solved with conventional optimization algorithms. Hence, evolutionary techniques such as genetic algorithms and simulated

Water distribution network rehabilitation: selection and scheduling of pipe rehabilitation alternatives
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ABSTRACT Kleiner, Yehuda, 199 7. Water distribution nehvork rehabilitation: srlection and scliedding of pipe rehabilitation afrernatives. A thesis subrnitted in conformity with the requirements for the degree cf Doctor of Philosophy. Graduate Department of Civil

Chlorine decay in water distribution systems case study lousada network
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PAPER G 11 Environmental 2010: Situation and Perspectives for the European Union 6-10 May 2003. Porto, Portugal Chlorine Decay in Water Distribution Systems. Case study Lousada Network page 1 of 6 CHLORINE DECAY IN WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

Extended-horizon analysis of pressure sensitivities for leak detection in water distributionnetworks: Application to the Barcelona network
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Abstract:In this paper, a model-based leak detection and isolation approach for water distribution networks (WDN), which considers an extended time horizon analysis of pressure sensitivities is proposed. It differs from previous works based on pressure sensitivities

Reliability based optimal design of a water distribution network for municipal watersupply
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Abstract The history of water supply and distribution is as old as the history of civilization. In the present society, water supply system has become an important and necessary element. It also gives an indication of level of advancement of society. Water Distribution Network (

Evaluating the performance level of a water distribution network under unbalanced operating conditions-the case of Kos town (GR)
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ABSTRACT: The need for a common international terminology is growing the last few years regarding the performance evaluation of urban water distribution systems, due to the wide diversity of definitions used across the word (even within the same country). Thus, the IWA

Water distribution network modelling: from steady state to waterhammer
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Abstract WATER DISTRIBUTIONNETWORK MUDELLING: FROLM STEADY STATE TO WATERHAMMER Ph.

Optimization of Large Water Distribution Network Design using Genetic Algorithms
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ABSTRACT The paper describes the application of genetic algorithms (GAs) to the design optimization of a real water distribution system. The GA is a search technique based on evolution process that imitates nature's ongoing search for better solutions. The GA

Simulation of hydraulic parameters in water distribution network using EPANET and GIS
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Abstract:Water supply system is a system of engineered hydrologic and hydraulic components which provide water supply. The major objective was to generate satellite based thematic layers, town and ward boundary maps and Geospatial Information System

Index of network resilience (INR) for urban water distribution systems
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Abstract: A unique demographic shift towards urban centres has necessitated incorporation of sustainability principles in the tenets of urban infrastructure planning and design. Adopting resilience as the indicator of sustainability, this paper presents a novel index of

Pumping stations operating parameters upon a variable demand, determined numerically for the water distribution network of Oradea
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The paper presents a methodology for computing the pumping stations operating parameters upon a variable demand. The study-case is performed for the complex water distribution network of Oradea (Romania), which incorporates 5 interconnected pumping

Design and evaluation of evolutionary operators for water distribution network optimisation
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Investigation of drinking water quality changes in the distribution network of Iasi city by means of an on-line monitoring system
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Abstract Drinking water produced in water treatment plants almost invariably fulfils the water quality requirements set, for example by the European Union Drinking Water Directive 98/83/EC (EU DWD) and national legislation. However, EU DWD requires that water

HBMOA applied to design a water distribution network for a town of 50000 inhabitants
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The best (suboptimal) design solution, meaning the lowest network cost and minimal penalties, was obtained at the 46th HBMOA run. The hydraulic analysis performed for the network using the pipe diameters of that best solution gave the flow rate distribution on

Urban water distribution network asset management using spatio-temporal analysis of pipe-failure data
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Abstract The work presented herein investigates the use of spatio-temporal analysis as a decision support tool for increasing the efficiency of maintenance strategies (repair or replace decisions) related to urban water distribution networks (UWDN). The analyses

Scheduling and disturbance control of a water distribution network
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Abstract: The choice of a pump schedule has a great influence on the cost efficiency of a system, when the energy consumption charge changes during the day. The pump scheduling problem for a sub-system of a regional water network is considered, and the

Comparison and simulation of a water distribution network in EPANET and a new generic graph trace analysis based model
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The main purpose of this study was to compare the Distributed Engineering Workstation (DEW) and EPANET models. These two models are fundamentally different in the approaches taken to simulate hydraulic systems. To better understand the calculations

Artificial neural network (ANN) modeling for earthquake damage detection in water distribution system
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ABSTRACT: The artificial neural networks (ANN) as a non-parametric system identification approach present a robust and efficient way to simulate the nonlinear behavior of engineering systems. In this paper an artificial neural network, a general back error

Study of water distribution network using EPANET
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ABSTRACT: An attempt has been made to simulate the water distribution network of urban estate, city of Punjab, India, based on the observation taken in the month of April 2013. The area under study is served by Municipal Corporation, which relies on water supply from

Design scheme for water quality monitoring in a distribution network
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Abstract: The ultimate goal of any water supply scheme is to provide safe and adequate drinking water to consumers. The water quality may get deteriorated in the distribution network and hence need monitoring. However, it is neither feasible nor economical to

The technical audit of water distribution network using the different leakage indicators
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Various statistics and overviews publish every year the basic statistical ad balance data concerning the water supply sector. However, basically none of these statistics, although elaborated only for a certain water company or a drinking water supply region, contain

Analysis of pipe breaks in urban water distribution network
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Abstract:The goal of this paper is to present a descriptive analysis of the water pipe breakage data to predict the evolution of the annual number of pipe breaks and the application of the modeling strategy to the cities. To make a general diagnosis, one must

Fault isolation and impact evaluation of water distribution network contamination,
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Abstract: The security of drinking water distribution operation is an important issue that has received increased interest within the last few years. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued guidelines for water utilities regarding which qualitative and

An EPANET analysis of water distribution network of the University of Lagos, Nigeria
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Abstract The University of Lagos, Nigeria, one of the foremost universities in Africa was established in 1962. The present water distribution network of the University was designed and constructed in 1982 when the population was about 12,000. The current population of

Entropy-based redundancy measures for water distribution network under seismic risk
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ABSTRACT Redundancy as a reliability measure can be determined to evaluate the seismic performance of a water distribution system from three points of view; 1) in particular, it is recommended that redundancy be evaluated along with reliability when assessing system

Optimal Design of Network Partitioning for Water Distribution System Protection from Intentional Contamination
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Water network partitioning and sectorization can be an effective way to protect water system from intentional contamination respecting also the criteria of dual-use value. In previous studies, the authors investigated how different layouts of permanent DMAs (District Meter

Drinking water quality simulation in Almonsha distribution network
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Good quality captured water, efficient disinfection, and residual disinfectant concentrations maintenance during transportation, are considered to be sufficient to keep consumers satisfied and avoid troubles in their health. Nevertheless, water treatment is not enough to

Assessment of the potential of scale formation and corrosivity of tap water resources and the network distribution system in Shiraz, South Iran
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Abstract: The aim of this research is to. study the potential of scale formation and corrosivity of water resources and the network distribution system of Shiraz in Fars province, South Iran. The Langelier saturation index (LSI) was used to assess the seule formation and

An effective toolbox for water distribution network monitoring
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In many countries the lost water percentage is really significant. In Italy, as an example, this percentage is around 40%. Furthermore the most of the services are over 50 years old and unmapped. So the system distributors do not always know the topology of the distribution

Transient movement in a single looped water distribution network. pressure simulation and experimental measurement
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Abstract:-Transient movement results as a hydraulic system response to sudden valve manoeuvres in a water supply network. Investigation on pressure variation was carried out on a representative loop of a pipe network. Both numerical simulation and experimental

Concept of an integrated ICT system for the management of the large-scale water distribution network of the Upper Silesian Waterworks in Poland
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Abstract This paper presents a description and the planned application of an integrated ICT system and its numerical algorithms to support the complex management of a large water transfer and distribution system-the Upper Silesian Waterworks PLC (USW). The USW is

Multi-objective algorithm to enhance decision making process in water distribution network problems
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Design or rehabilitation of pipe network problem is very common in the water delivery systems. Most applications use a constraints free single objective function with penalty function method. The well-known drawback is that the objective function is distorted and it

Planning of a water distribution network sensors location for a leakage isolation.
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Abstract The paper presents a method of water distribution system sensors placement. Location of sensors depends on the purpose of monitoring of a network. In this paper, this objective has been defined as the ability to detect network failures (leakages). Therefore,

Using shuffled complex evolution to calibrate water distribution network model
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Abstract Calibration of water distribution network model is of paramount importance for the optimal management of water delivery systems. This includes the determination of network parameters such as pipe roughness coefficients and nodal demands. The parameters are

An optimization model for sustainable water distribution network design
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Abstract This study presents a method for optimizing the design of a water distribution network using pipe diameter as a decision variable under the required demand loading and hydraulic conditions. Data was collected from field studies and an optimization model was

Applying Non-Revenue Water reduction measures to improve the performance of a water distribution network: The case of Nicosia, Cyprus
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Abstract Non-Revenue Water (NRW) is one of the major issues water utilities are facing today, especially in areas with severe water scarcity conditions. NRW consists of apparent losses, real losses and the unbilled authorized consumption. WATERLOSS project

data in chemometrics analysis for improved discrimination of water sources and blends for application to the complex drinking water distribution network of
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Real time data analysis for water distribution network using storm
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Around the world cities are getting intelligent day by day. City administrations are focussing to take inputs from everyday life of its inhabitants and utilize those inputs to manage and channelize the resources. In 2050, 70 percent of people will live in urban areas around

Water Distribution Network Design by Partial Enumeration
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A water distribution network is a collection of elements such as pipes, valves, pumps, reservoir, tanks (buried, elevated, etc.) whose aim is to provide adequate amount of potable water with sufficient pressure at nodes where consumer demands (residential, industrial,

Water Distribution Network Optimization: A Hybrid Approach
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First and foremost, my sincere thanks go to my major advisor Dr. Ke Li for his mentoring and providing me the funding and equipment for my research projects. Dr. Li also has been very generous with his time and wisdom for providing me advice on how to do research and

Drinking water in Gonabad, Iran: Fluoride levels in bottled, distribution network, point of use desalinator, and decentralized municipal desalination plant water
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SUMMARY: This study reports measurement of the fluoride (F) content of the five most available brands of bottled drinking water, distribution network water supply, 45 kitchen taps with under the sink point of use (POU) desalinator, and all three decentralized municipal (

DESIGN OF DISTRIBUTION NETWORK OF WATER SUPPLY
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Network analysis for resilience evaluation in water distribution networks
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Abstract Resilience is meant in this paper as the capability of a networked infrastructure to provide its service even if some components are failed: it depends both on net-wide measures of connectivity and the role of a single component. This paper has two

Improved water distribution systems design and operating methodologies using fast steady state network solvers
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Summary: This paper examines the behaviour of the Linear Theory Method, Newton- Raphson method and a Linear Theory Newton-Raphson hybrid technique applied to the flows (Q), unknown nodal heads (H) and loop corrective flow (AQL) formulations of the

Assessing variation in biofilms development in a drinking water distribution system by an object oriented Bayesian network approach
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Abstract: Biofilms develop in drinking water distribution systems (DWDSs) as layers of microorganisms bound by a matrix of organic polymers and attached to pipe walls. Biofilms are ubiquitous in DWDSs, regardless of the type of treatment or disinfection employed.

TOOL FOR WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK SYNTHETIC MODELS GENERATION AND SIZING
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Abstract This paper presents an EPANET extension to generate synthetic models of Water Distribution Systems (WDS). WaterNetGen preserves the EPANET environment and introduces several work-oriented features such as node/pipe split, change node/link type,

Demonstration of early warning and distributed disinfection control for water distribution network in Lisbon
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Like most utilities worldwide, the Lisbon drinking water distribution system (DWDS) utilizes chlorine residual as the last barrier against microbial hazards. Raises in temperature and episodic (eg, heat waves), as well in the waters organic matter (NOM) contents, are

Pipe Network Analysis for Demand Estimation in Water Distribution Network
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Abstract:-We proposes a pipe network analysis method using demand estimation by proposing a demand estimation method that estimates demand points set based on conventional, fixed component ratios. We first explain pipe network analysis using a

Concentration of Nitrate in drinking water of the distribution network of Minab city, Iran
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Abstract In the past two decades, concentration of nitrate in the water resources is rising. The presence of nitrates in water resources can cause health and ecological risks. In this cross- sectional study, concentration of nitrate in 90 samples collected from 10 regions in Minab

MODELING OF DRINKING WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK SYSTEM: CASE STUDY MAJASEM DISTRICT, CIREBON
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Abstract: PDAM Cirebon has operated and distributed drinking water since the year 1958. This drinking water distribution system has fulfilled the clean water needs of Cirebon city for decades, but is now facing some issues. The debit of water slowly began to fail to fulfill the

Using genetic algorithms (GAs) to assist in the design of a water distribution network
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Abstract The paper presents a genetic algorithm (GA) formulation to assist in developing the design of a water distribution network (WDN). WDNs are systems which consist of many components which are used to supply water to the point of consumption. Water distribution

PARTICLE COUNTING IN RIYADH WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
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ABSTRACT: Particle counting is considered a good and sensitive indicator of drinking water quality and its changes. In this study, particle counting was evaluated in Riyadh Water Distribution Network. Results indicated that small size particles ( 1.0 ) are the dominant

Spatial Approach for Preliminary Design of Real Water Distribution Network
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ABSTRACT An economic design of water distribution system components plays an important role in the water-supplying agency due to requirement of large financial investment on construction, operation and maintenance. Due to rapid growth of population

Optimal Cost Design of the Water Distribution Network Using the Meta-Heuristic Methods
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ABSTRACT: Today, optimal cost design of water distribution networks is one of the fundamental issues in water management plans. In recent years, high accuracy of meta- heuristic methods has gained attention of researchers. In this research, genetic algorithm

STRATEGIC MODELING OF WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK IN BUCHAREST
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Abstract The paper presents aspects of designing The Strategic Model of the Water Distribution Network of Bucharest. The mathematical model, created in SynerGee software, represents the peak of rehabilitation and modernization for the water supply network: The

Study on Water Distribution Network using GIS for 81 Villages at Yamcha, Telangana State
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Abstract:Water plays a crucial role as the availability of water is not uniform throughout the geography. The need of water distribution to areas where there is scarcity of water; which may not meet the demand due to various reasons such as availability of insufficient water,

Dissolved organic matter in drinking water distribution network of humus-rich waters
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OPTIMAL SCHEDULING OF CHLORINE IN WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
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ABSTRACT Chlorine is widely used in water distribution systems for disinfection purposes. Excessive chlorine concentration in the distribution systems causes taste and odor problems to the consumers. In addition, it produces disinfection byproducts which are of great health

NUMERIC MODELING OF THE RESIDUAL CHLORINE CONCENTRATION EVOLUTION IN AWATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
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The supply of quality potable water to the customers' branch pipe of the distribution network represents a major responsibility for the water supply system operators. There are circumstances when the quality of the water produced in the water treatment plant is

Analytical and Numerical Models for the Risk-of-Failure Analysis of Urban Water Distribution Network Components
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Abstract: Among the most important components of sustainable management strategies for water distribution networks is the ability to integrate risk analysis and asset management decision-support systems (DSS), as well as the ability to incorporate in the analysis

Continuous Water Distribution Network Analysis Using Geo-informatics Technology and EPANET in Gandhinagar City, Gujarat state, India
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Abstract:In the present study, the Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) LISS-IV data covering Gandhinagar city was analyzed for understanding the road transport network, study area and various infrastructure in the city. CARTOSAT Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data and

Improving water distribution network performance: A comparative analysis
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ABSTRACT Three computer software for simulating water distribution network systems are demonstrated using the failed water distribution network of Choba Park, University of Port Harcourt (Uniport). Two networks are modeled as network 1 and network 2. Network 1 is a

Comprehensive Evaluation Modeling of Water Distribution Network by Using Statistical Analysis
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Abstract A score evaluation method is the most common deterioration evaluation technique used in Korea for the efficient maintenance of the water distribution network which is a major society-based facility. This study carried out modeling for complementing the limitations of

Effect of Pressure Management on Performance Indicators of Water Distribution Networking Tehran
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Abstract Limitation of water resources, population growth, increase of water consumption per capita, industrial and agricultural development, highlighted the non-revenue water (or unaccounted-for water) as an important issue especially in developing countries.

Operation optimization of several repumping stations interconnected to a complex water distribution network-case study
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Abstract The following study presents the complex water distribution network numerical model of the high-pressure zone of Lacul Tei and Colentina quarters. We aimed at the impact it has, by functioning connected/interconnected with respect to the exploitation

Online data processing for proactive water distribution network operation
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Abstract Operational benefits and efficiencies generated using prevalent water industry methods and techniques are becoming more difficult to achieve; as demonstrated by English and Welsh water companies' static position with regards the economic level of leakage.

Optimization of Water Distribution Network: A Comparison using Genetic Algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization
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Abstract In this paper the authors compare two optimization techniques, namely the Genetic Algorithm and the Particle Swarm Optimization for water distribution networks. The effectiveness of the two algorithms is tested on two benchmark water distribution networks

Performance indicators implemented in the city of Larissa water distribution network
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1. ABSTRACT The present paper is trying to implement the IWA standard international water balance for the case of the distribution network of the city of Larissa. Some of the performance indicators are also calculated and analysed. The goals of the study are to

Whole Life Costing: Application to Water Distribution Network
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ABSTRACT There is an increasing pressure from the economic regulator in England and Wales for water companies to ensure that their capital maintenance decisions reflect an understanding of the long term impact on their operational costs and risks. This implies

Overlapping Control Structure based on Adaptive Control for Water Distribution Network
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Abstract:-The present paper proposes and evaluates a decentralized control method for water distribution networks. With the objective of leakage reduction in distribution systems, it is hoped that pressure optimization control will be realized. The present paper proposes

Hydraulic Evaluation of Neyrpic-Modules at Water Distribution Network of Garmsar Plain
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Abstract: During the recent years, the hydraulic performance of measurement devices has been considered as an effective factor on flow behavior investigation in irrigation networks. To reach this purpose, making more accurate measuring structures and methods is

Turkey: city of Antalya Monitoring and Management of Water Distribution Network in Antalya City, using the SCADA System
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ABSTRACT Antalya City is one of the most important tourist centres in Turkey and is located on the Mediterranean coast. Antalya Water and Wastewater Administration (ASAT) is responsible for the provision of water and wastewater services for an area of 141,719 ha,

Development of Opti-HSNet for the Optimal Design of Water Distribution Network
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Abstract:Water distribution system is an important part of civil infrastructure. It should always supply water with proper pressure, quantity, and quality. For this reason, a lot of studies have been carried out in the last three decades to solve least-cost design

Design of NDA Water Distribution Network Using EPANET
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Abstract-This study presents the use of EPANETsoftwarein the design of the NDA water distribution network. EPANET is a computer program that performs extended period simulation of hydraulic and water quality behavior within pressurized pipe networks. A

WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DESIGN AND COST ANALYSIS: A CASE STUDY
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ABSTRACT: This paper concerns for the design of rural water distribution systems in developing countries. Most of population of India is staying in rural area. At end of nineteen century community is not getting water at their resident in the village. But water is basic

STUDY OF WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK USING EPANET
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Abstract: Pipe network analysis is the fluid flow through a hydraulics network containing several or many inter connected branches whose aim is to determine the flow rates and pressure drops in the individual sections of the network. Classical approach for

GIS Application in Water Distribution Network Modelling in context of a Small Town in Bangladesh
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ABSTRACT: Water distribution network (WDN) modelling requires various spatial and non spatial data input. Most of the WDN simulation software utilize the analytical abilities of Geographic Information System (GIS) to process and incorporate such information into the

DEVELOPMENT AND HYDRAULIC ANALYSIS OF A PROPOSED DRINKING WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK USING WATERGEMS AND GIS
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ABSTRACT Safe and potable drinking water is a prerequisite for sustainable living. After achieving much success in distributing drinking water in cities and towns in India, rural areas have become a major concern by the state governments. In the present paper a

Dynamic Behavior of Contaminants in the Water Distribution Network of Cuernavaca Mexico, a Real Application of Multiobjective Distributed Reinforcement
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Abstract Water systems often allow efficient water uses via water reuse and/or recirculation. The design of the network layout connecting water-using processes is a complex problem which involves several criteria to optimize. The use of the water pinch approach to define

The Effect of Excessive High-Rise Buildings on Hydraulic Performance of Water Distribution Network for the City of Ahar
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ABSTRACT: Regarding the population growth and city development at Ahar city, old houses in lanes and alleys of Ahar city are changing into high-rise buildings and in most of them the regulations are violated. This issue has created a lot of problems for the inhabitants. Our

CASE STUDY 2-Report on the characterization of the Lisbon drinking water distribution network
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Regardless of pipe material, water characteristics and flow dynamics, biofilms inevitably develop and persist on the inner surface of drinking water distribution system pipes, despite

THE INFLUENCE OF NETWORK TOPOLOGY ON WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM PERFORMANCE
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A Water Distribution System (WDS) that is structurally inadequate needs to be rehabilitated in order to restore the required performance. The latter is a function mainly of the water requested by users supplied and by the topological scheme of the network. In order to

Modeling chlorine residuals in Water Distribution Network Using EPANET 2.0 software.
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1.0 Abstract: In this paper water quality modeling in water distribution network is done using EPANET 2.0 software. Two networks one with single loop network and the other one with two source two looped networks are discussed and steady state chlorine concentration at

Optimal Placement of Valves in a Water Distribution Network
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A water supply system is a complex system that brings the water from one or more sources to the users. The water distribution network can be thought of as a labelled graph, in which pipes are represented as undirected edges. In the network, there is at least one special

Analysis of Looped Water Distribution Network with Different Head Loss Formula
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Abstract:The analysis of a water distribution networks is essential to know the hydraulic and quality behaviour of the network under different conditions. The main objective of a water distribution system is to provide water at required quantity with sufficient pressure to

MaxEnt analysis of a water distribution network in Canberra, ACT, Australia
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Abstract. A maximum entropy (MaxEnt) method is developed to infer the state of a pipe flow network, for situations in which there is insufficient information to form a closed equation set. This approach substantially extends existing deterministic methods for the analysis of

A Two-State Random Walk Approach for Modeling Chlorine Decay in Water Distribution Network
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Abstract--Chlorination is one of the frequently used water disinfection methods in water distribution system. It has been successfully used to inactivate harmful micro-organisms and prevent the regrowth or recontamination of pathogens that might be present. However,

The Calculation Models for Assessment of Terrorist Threats in Aqueous Environment and Urban Potable Water Distribution Network
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The modeling two most essential cases of water contamination threat, the surface waters and the drinking water distribution system was considered [1]. The general approach to modeling of contaminations spreading in aqueous environment with one-and

LOCALLY PRACTICED NETWORK OPERATIONAL METHODS AND WATER QUALITY INDISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
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ABSTRACT. Due to discontinuity and unsteadiness of supplied potable water, water consumers were forced to adopt the double-reservoir system. This type of system is posing a threat to public health due to inefficient and irregular maintenance in addition to the

Optimizing Pumping System for Sustainable Water Distribution Network by Using Genetic Algorithm
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Donald V. Chase, Carol J. Miller, Shawn P. McElmurry Optimizing Pumping System for Sustainable WaterDistributionNetwork by Using Genetic Algorithm Page 2. Energy Water Energy and water issues are linked together About 5% of energy demand of US is related to

MACS Water Smart. The new web-based hydraulic and financial water distribution network assessment tool
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Abstract This paper presents the development of a web-based water distribution network assessment tool designed for rapid prototyping and identification of technically and economically optimal water network designs. MACS Water Smart features a simple user-

To assess the prevailing Water Distribution Network using EPANET
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Abstract-Water supply system is a system of engineered hydrologic and hydraulic components which provide water supply. Water is one of the basic necessities of every living being in the world. Water demand is increasing day by day whether it is domestic,

QUALITATIVE EVALUATIONS ABOUT THE DISINFECTION CAPABILITIES OF A WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK: A MODEL STUDY
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In today's world water is being supplied from large storage facilities through the urban areas via transmission lines. At first, water is transferred to treatment plants where water is processed to be consumed then, by people; finally water is supplied to a distribution

DEVELOPMENT OF SOURCE CODE FOR HARDY CROSS METHOD IN C# .NET FOR WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
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As water distribution networks have been a part of the modern living, it is necessary to know the behavior of a water distribution network under different conditions. There are different methods of pipe network analysis but most of the methods are very complex and hence

Ant Colony Optimisation for Large-Scale Water Distribution Network Optimisation
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Abstract. In this paper we show that ant colony optimisation (ACO) can be successfully applied to large-scale water distribution network optimisation problems. In addition, a new ACO algorithm ERMMAS is proposed and is tested on this problem. A water distribution

Survey on Concentration of Nitrate in the Network Distribution Drinking Water: Jask city, Iran
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Abstract: Nitrate is a chemical contaminants that can enter the surface and groundwaterresources of drinking water by various ways. The presence of nitrate in drinking water supplies could endanger human health. In this descriptive-cross-sectional study, the

A Nonlinear Stochastic Optimization Model for Water distribution network problem with reliability consideration
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Abstract:Water treatment and distribution is undoubtedly of high priority to ensure that communities could gain access to safe and affordable drinking water. Therefore the distribution network should be designed systematically. We propose a nonlinear


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