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Watershed Hydrology IEEE PAPER



Naturalizing urban watershed hydrology to mitigate urban heat-island effects
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Resetting the fundamental hydrological processes of infiltration and evapo transpiration within the urban environment will help mitigate the human and ecological stress of the urban heat island (UHI) . In our accelerated rate of urban growth (Beach, 2002;

Climate variability, fire, vegetation recovery, and watershed hydrology
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Abstract The San Dimas Experimental Forest was established in 1934. A large database of fire history, and stream flow exists for several locations within the forest. San Dimas was selected as a perfect example of the hydrology, geology, and ecology of the mountains of

Mountain pine beetle and watershed hydrology
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Abstract Changes to British Columbia's lodgepole pine forests due to the mountain pine beetle (mpb) outbreak will affect stand water balances, hillslope hydrology, and streamflow in many watersheds. The magnitude of this disturbance has prompted a range of research

Learner-centered approach to teaching watershed hydrology using system dynamics
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The use of the system dynamics approach, implemented within an object-oriented simulation environment, is presented as an effective tool for learning watershed hydrology. This approach has the potential to enhance students' understanding of watershed

Model calibration in watershed hydrology
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54 KK Yilmaz et al. outputs. During this procedure, known as model calibration, the parameters are adjusted so that the behavior of the model approximates, as closely and consistently as possible, the observed response of the hydrologic system over some

Role of glaciers in watershed hydrology:Himalayan catchment perspective
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Abstract A large number of Himalayan glacier catchments are under the influence of humid climate with snowfall in winter and South-West monsoon in summer September) dominating the regional hydrology. Such catchments are defined as

Forest ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: Dynamic coupling of distributedhydrology and canopy growth
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ABSTRACT The hydrological recovery of watersheds from disturbances such as fire and harvest can change the magnitude and distribution of flow paths as the canopy regenerates. The spatial distribution of net water input to the soil topography system is mediated by

Application of a distributed watershed hydrology and water quality model in the Great Lakes basin
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The NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Western Michigan University, and the University of Michigan are jointly developing a Distributed Large Basin Runoff Model (DLBRM), a physically based, spatially-distributed hydrology and water quality

Mountain Pine Beetle and watershed hydrology: a synthesis focused on the Okanagan Basin
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Abstract As the mountain pine beetle (MPB) infestation expands into the southern interior, changes to British Columbia's lodgepole pine forests will affect stand water balances, hillslope hydrology and streamflow in many watersheds. The large spatial extent of this

The effects of antecedent moisture conditions on the relationship of hydrology to hydrochemistry in a small forested watershed
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Abstract: The relationship between stream discharge and the concentration of different solutes reflects the hydrological processes occurring in a catchment, but is also strongly affected by antecedent moisture conditions. In this study, the effects of antecedent

vegetative recovery processes along modified Tennessee streams: An interdisciplinary approach to distributed fluvial systems, forest hydrology and watershed
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ABSTRACT The sand-bed stream channels of the Obion-Forked Deer River basin periodically have been dredged and straightened since the turn of the century to reduce flood magnitude and frequency. Channel bed, banks, and flood plains are systematically

Ice-wedge polygon type controls low-gradient watershed-scale hydrology
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Abstract Ice-wedge polygons and related microtopographic variations are ubiquitous in landscapes underlain by permafrost. High hand low-centered polygons are typical, but surprisingly their role on hydrologic uxes and stocks is not well quantified. We performed

Watershed model channel hydrology and erosion processes
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The Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) watershed model is a process-based, continuous simulation model built as an extension of the WEPP hillslope model (Flanagan and Nearing, 1995). The model was developed to predict erosion effects from agricultural

Considerations for rehabilitation of naturally disturbed stands: Part 1. Watershed hydrology
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Abstract This extension note is the first of a two-part series involving watershed management considerations when planning stand rehabilitation activities following large-scale natural disturbances in the Interior of British Columbia. Despite the potential benefits and good

Modelling the hydrology of an agricultural watershed in Quebec using SLURP.
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Canadian Biosystems Engineering Five years (1994-1998) of climatic and hydrologic data recorded on the small Ruisseau Saint Esprit agricultural watershed, located 50 km north of Montreal, Quebec, served to

The hydrology and water quality of an intensive agricultural watershed in
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Early spring snowmelt in a small boreal forest watershed: influence of concrete frost on thehydrology and chemical composition of streamwaters during rain-on-
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ABSTRACT: The hydrology and geochemistry of meltwaters and streams during rain-on- snow events in a small boreal watershed in eastern Canada indicated that rapid runoff might occur during pre-melt and early melt periods due to the presence of concrete frost in litter

Hydrology and watershed management of oak woodlands in southeastern Arizona
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Abstract.-lnteractions among hydrological processes, the soil-vegetation complex, and management practices in oak woodlands of southeastern Arizona have not been investigated thoroughly. One reason for this omission is the scarcity of measurements of st

The climate and hydrology of the Lake Balinsasayao watershed, Negros Oriental, Philippines
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Climate variables were recorded and a water budg'et calculated for the Lake Balinsasayao catchment area, 302 ha of submontane forest surrounding a 76 ha lake 14 km west of Dumaguete City on southern Negros Island. Mean annual temperature at the Lake was 22

Black Creek, Vancouver Island, BC Hydrology, Fisheries Resource, and WatershedDevelopment
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The fisheries resource of Black Creek, a major coho salmon stream on Vancouver Island is described. Information on spawning escapement, distribution, and timing is provided. Hydrology of the 28 square mile watershed was. studied using data from 16 staff gages

Effects of pine beetle infestations and treatments on hydrology and geomorphology: Integrating stand-level data and knowledge into mesoscale watershed
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Abstract The physically based Distributed Hydrology Soil Vegetation Model (DHSVM) is developed, calibrated, and applied in a long-term simulation experiment to quantify the effects of mountain pine beetle infestation and treatment alternatives on the streamflow

Changes in the Hydrology of the Mohawk Watershed and implications for watershedmanagement
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The Mohawk Watershed in upstate New York is a unique and distinctive basin that is the main tributary to the Hudson River. The drainage basin is 8961 km2 with principal tributaries reaching far south into the Catskill Mountains (Schoharie Creek) and tributaries reaching

Regional assessment of forest effects on watershed hydrology: Slovakia as a case study
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ABSTRACT: Recently, the importance of forest effect on watershed hydrology has been increasingly recognized due to an elevated threat of floods and expected alterations of water regime in watersheds induced by climate change. We assessed the trade-off between

IMPACT OF THE PROPOSED CAMPO LANDFILL ON THE HYDROLOGY OF THE TIERRA DEL SOL WATERSHED A REFERENCE STUDY
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The impact that the proposed Campo landfill will have on the hydrology of the Tierra del Sol watershed is examined using an interdisciplinary perspective. Analysis of precipitation and well data suggests the presence of an effective hydraulic

Vegetation, water and climate: needs and problems in wild land hydrology and watershedresearch
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Re-inventing urban hydrology in British Columbia: runoff volume management forwatershed protection
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ABSTRACT There is a logical link between changes in hydrology and impacts on watershed health, whether those impacts are in the form of flooding or aquatic habitat degradation. The link is the volume of surface runoff that is created by human activities as the result of

Assessment of the Restoration Activities on Water Balance and Water Quality at Last Chance Creek Watershed Using Watershed Environmental Hydrology (
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Model can evaluate potential restoration activities for effectiveness at any watershed Model can assess any land use/management scenarios Page 8. WEHY (Watershed Environmental Hydrology) Model is a physically-based, spatially-distributed continuous simulation model of

Stream network and watershed delineation using spatial analyst hydrology tools
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The purpose of this exercise to demonstrate the steps involved in delineating a stream network and watershed boundaries from a digital elevation model (DEM) using the Spatial Analyst Hydrology Tools in ArcGIS. You must have a computer with windows operating system, and the

Hydrology of Big Creek, Idaho: spatial and temporal heterogeneity of runoff in a snow-dominated wilderness mountain watershed
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Extensive utilization of water resources in the West complicates hydrologic analysis. Diversions, withdrawals, agriculture, and impoundments in dams can change the hydrology of a watershed by altering residence times and changing the amount of

Hydrology and Hydrochemistry for the Rice Creek Watershed of the Whiteshell Research Area 1986-90
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ABSTRACT This report presents data and results of a hydrometeorological study carried out in the Rice Creek Watershed of the Whiteshell Research Area during 1986-90. Major water budget components, such as precipitation, runoff, groundwater, storage and evaporation,

Assessing the performance of HSPF when using the high water table subroutine to simulatehydrology in a low-gradient watershed
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Abstract-Modeling groundwater hydrology is critical in low-gradient, high water table watersheds where ground-water is the dominant contribution to streamflow. The Hydrological Simulation Program-FORTRAN (HSPF) model has two different subroutines

Hydrology of San Francisco Bay and Watershed, Water Years 2006 and
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Hydrology is the study of the properties and distribution of water. California has two distinct hydrologic seasons: a wet season from late autumn to early spring with the remainder of the year being dry. Thus, the water year, which begins on October 1 and ends on September

Modeling Hydrology and Nitrogen Fate and Transport in a Tile-Drained AgriculturalWatershed in a Cold Region
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A new model, DRAIN-WARMF, has been developed by integrating WARMF and DRAINMOD models, to simulate surface and subsurface flows and nitrogen transport in a tile-drained watershed in eastern Canada. The new model takes advantage of the strong surface flow

Research Opportunities in Hydrology and Biology in Future Watershed Studies
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The effects of timber harvesting practices on water resources are mostly known from paired watershed studies. The first paired watershed study in the United States was in Colorado and designed to assess the effects of timber harvesting on water yield (Bates and Henry

19. Hydrology and Water Quality Modeling of the Santa Monica Bay Watershed
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MIKE BASIN operates on the basis of a digitized river network. Figure 2 shows the schematic layout of this network. All information regarding the configuration of the river branch network, location of water users, channels for intakes and outlets to and from water users, and

Hydrology of a partly glacier-covered arctic watershed
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ABSTRACT: Some of the hydrological characteristics of a 30 per cent glacier-covered Arctic watershed and the combined water and ice balance for two periods in the summers of 1969 and 1970 have been compared, Each period represents about 50 per cent of the total

Impacts of urban hillslope development and agriculture on hydrology and water quality in the Chilliwack Creek watershed, British Columbia
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Description The Lower Fraser Valley (LFV) has one of the most rapidly growing urban populations in Canada, and as a result water pollution problems associated with non-point source (NPS) pollution from urban expansion and agricultural intensification are

Environmental setting and hydrology of the Boulder Creek Watershed, Colorado
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Abstract The Boulder Creek Watershed, Colorado, is 1160 square kilometers in area and ranges in elevation from 1480 to 4120 meters above sea level. The watershed consists of two regions that differ substantially in geology, climate, and land use. The upper basin

A Study of the Beaver Creek Watershed: historical sedimentation, contemporary ecology and hydrology with predictive modeling
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Executive Summary The Beaver Creek watershed is located within Stanley Park, Vancouver, BC The watershed has been and continues to be subject to human-induced stresses and influences. Two of these major influences are the roads and trails running through the

Rapid Prototyping Capabilities for Evaluating Current and Future NASA Data in Multi-Scale Sensitivity Analysis in Watershed Hydrology Modeling
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BACKGROUND One of the Rapid Prototyping Capability (RPC) general goals is to Speed the evaluation of potential uses of NASA research products and technologies to improve future operational systems by reducing the time to access, configure, and assess the

Simulation of southern Louisiana watershed hydrology with USDAHL-74 Revised Model ofWatershed Hydrology
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ABSTRACT The USDAHL-74 Revised Model of Watershed Hydrology was calibrated on a 0.86 ha agricultural watershed in southern Louisiana. The input parameters determined in the calibrating period were used to simulate runoff from a nearby 1.55 ha watershed.

A Grid-based Modeling for Assessing Climate Change Impact on Watershed Hydrology
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ABSTRACT This study is to develop a grid-based hydrologic model for evaluating future climate change impact on watershed hydrology. The model is a typical distributed model, which divides the watershed into regular cell elements and calculates the daily water

Comparison of Grid-based and SWAT HRU Modeling Approaches for Evaluating the Climate Change Impact on Watershed Hydrology
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Abstract The aim of this study is to compare the results of grid-based and Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) HRU (hydrologic response unit)-based modeling for evaluating the climate change impact on watershed hydrology. The grid-based model is a typical

Interactive comment on Role of glaciers in watershed hydrology: Himalayan catchment perspective by RJ Thayyen and JT Gergan
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M. Pelto made fourteen comments on this paper. Twelve of them are specific to the data and method of analysis and two of them (comment No. 710) general comments on the characteristics of the Alpine basins. We would like to respond to the comment No. 7 10

Potential impacts of global climate change on Tijuana River Watershed hydrology-An initial analysis
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Abstract: During the past year, an investigation has been initiated regarding how future climate changes may impact the hydrology of the Tijuana River Watershed a binational watershed. The study has used gridded observed daily precipitation and temperatures

Congo River Watershed Hydrology in Interaction with Carbon Stocks and Fluxes
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The Congo River Watershed Hydrology interacts strongly with Carbon Fluxes in the Basin and beyond. Recent studies have demonstrated that the amount of runoff volume produced on the surface considerably depends on carbon flux to the atmosphere1. Other studies

THE SEDIMOT ID-MODEL OF WATERSHED HYDROLOGY AND SEDIMENTOLOGY
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Abstract: A description of the new SEDIMOT III model is given along with example predictions. The new model is a major revision of SEDlMOT Il with dramatically improved procedures for hydraulic and sediment routing and new routines for predicting erosion in

Watershed Hydrology and Land-Use and Land-Cover Change (LULCC)
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Abstract Land-use and land-cover change (LULCC), a process of human modification of Earth's terrestrial surface, affects biodiversity, climate change, watershed hydrology, and other processes on the Earth largely in the forms of urbanization, agriculture, and

Wildfire and Watershed Hydrology: Key Findings from a Workshop
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Rainfall simulations are used to help us understand the effects of rainfall on soil properties under various conditions. To study the effects of wildfire on runoff generation and soil erosion during rainstorms, we constructed an effective yet simple rainfall simulator that

Climate Change and Watershed Hydrology
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The accompanying article described recent climate changes in British Columbia. These changes are likely to result in adjustments in watershed hydrology and ultimately in our use of water-related resources. Increased risks of droughts, floods, and landslides will likely

WATERSHED HYDROLOGY AND BIOGEOCHEMISTRY: SIMULATION OF STREAMFLOW QUANTITY AND QUALITY BY THE CENTURY MODEL
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ABSTRACT Century is a linked hydrologic-biogeochemical simulation model with interconnected submodels for water flow and storage, primary production, and decomposition. It simulates biotic effects on water loss and streamflow chemistry explicitly

Effects on watershed hydrology after rainforest conversion to shifting cultivation and agroforestry in Sabah, Malaysia
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ABSTRACT A paired catchment study was conducted Malaysia, to monitor the hydrological effects from conversion of secondary rainforest to shifting cultivation and agroforestry land-uses. Four different treatments were investigated:(1.) Agroforestry

Watershed Hydrology and Water Resources
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Delineating watersheds Topographic maps, contour lines and slopes where does the water flow Begin with a point of interest, usually along a stream. Trace the outline of the watershed, beginning at one side of the stream, by following the steepest slope (gradient).

An intuitive approach towards the search for similarity principles in watershed hydrology
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A great many attempts have been made to come with dimensionless similarity variables that are able to help characterize hydrologic response at the watershed and hill slope scales. Most of these have failed to catch the imagination of the hydrological community this has

Current Challenges in Experimental Watershed Hydrology
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The river basin, watershed or catchment is central to many of concepts in hydrology [1] including contaminant hydrology. In fact, two different studies in the Seine River basin during the end of seventeenth century, independently made

H41D-0849 Coupled Dynamic Modeling to Assess Human Impact on Watershed Hydrology
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This transdisciplinary research (Research on Adaptation Climate Change, RACC) is novel in its transformational methodology across all spheres from research on the Lake and working landscape of the watershed to the management policies of the Basin. Integrated

QUANTIFYING IMPACTS OF AGRO-INDUSTRIAL EXPANSION IN LANGAT RIVER, SELANGOR, ON WATERSHED HYDROLOGY USING SOIL AND WATER
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The main causes of tropical forest biodiversity loss are human interventions including exploitation of resources, land use changes, invasive species, deforestation and fragmentation, agricultural activities and climate change. Agricultural expansion itself has

WATER SECTOR GOsERNANCE: ROBUST WATERSHED HYDROlOGY MODEllING OPTIONS
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Choosing a model for watershed hydrology is not a simple task. Indeed, entering that labyrinth of literature is somewhat like entering a dense jungle. At the academic level there are literally hundreds of models which have been suggested to model watershed

E. Pioneer Trail Watershed Hydrology Study Final Report
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1. Executive Summary The E. Pioneer Trail Watershed Hydrology Study area is located in the eastern portion of the City of South Lake Tahoe, California and covers over four square miles (2619 acres) in area. The project study area is bounded to the south by the

Processing of Radar Precipitation Data as Applied to Watershed Hydrology
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ABSTRACT Problems of calibration of weather radar are addressed. Methods have been developed aimed at how to process the radar-based precipitation data for hydrology applications. Aggregated data (10x10 km) are suggested to be reasonably sufficient for

Investigation of the geology and hydrology of the Coconino Plateau of northern Arizona: a project of the Arizona Rural Watershed Initiative
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Plateau in northern Arizona are under increasing demand as a result of development. The population of this arid region continues to grow, and the number of visitors to the many national and state parks and monuments in the region has increased annually. The

Modeling the Hydrology and Water Quality of the Upper Maurice River Watershed, New Jersey, Including Recharge to the Underlying Aquifer, Using
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ABSTRACT Results of developing a watershed model for the Upper Maurice River watershed are presented. The model was calibrated against observed stream-ow using local coastal plain meteorology as input, for the ultimate purpose of estimating future

MULTI-SCALE IMPACTS OF INVASIVE PLANTS ON WATERSHED HYDROLOGY AND RIPARIAN ECOLOGY A SYNTHESIS
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Abstract: Biological invasion by normative species is a global phenomenon that has the capacity to dramatically alter native communities. However, surprisingly few studies have quantified the effects of exotic plant species on the communities they invade, or have

Aqueous geochemistry and hydrology of Roaring Brook, Mill River watershed, central Massachusetts
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The Mill River watershed, in the Connecticut River valley of west-central Massachusetts, has been the focusof interdisciplinary research since evidence the endangered dwarf wedge mussel was found there in 1995. An investigation of the aqueous geochemistry, water

Spatial and temporal effects of wildre on the hydrology of a steep rangeland watershed
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Abstract: Wildre is a major ecological process and management issue on western rangelands. The impacts of wildre on hydrologic processes such as inltration, runoff, and erosion are not well understood. Small-plot rainfall simulation methods were applied in a

Investigation of the Geology and Hydrology of the Upper and Middle Verde RiverWatershed of Central Arizona: A Project of the Arizona Rural Watershed
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The upper and middle Verde River watershed in west-central Arizona is an area rich in natural beauty and cultural history and is an increasingly popular destination for tourists, recreationists, and permanent residents seeking its temperate climate. The diverse terrain

HYDROLOGY AND SURFACE WATER QUALITY OF THE INAOUENE RIVER WATERSHED, MOROCCO
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ABSTRACT The evolution of the annual mean flow reflects the spatiotemporal irregularities, while taking account the annual variations of flows in the two main gauging stations in the Inaouene watershed; The spatial irregularities are in

HYDROLOGY AND WATERSHED-JUN 2013
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Area inches are often referred to as inches, meaning the gain or loss to any area or drainage basin expressed as a uniform depth of water over that area of basin. We are quite used to thinking of rainfall in this manner--now you must get used to thinking of stream flow and

The hydrology and geochemistry of the Cougar Creek watershed, McCall, Idaho
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The 1996 Idaho Keck Geology Consortium project is a comparative watershed study focusing on the geology, geochemistry, and hydrology of six watersheds which drain into the Payette Lake, the sole source of drinking water for the town of McCall, Idaho. The purpose

GRID BASED RAINFALL-RUNOFF GIS MODELLING TO STUDY THE ANTHROPOGENIC EFFECT ON THE HYDROLOGY OF A SMALL WATERSHED
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ABSTRACT-In the Po basin urban development, land use change and variations in rain intensity have influenced watershed runoff and increased floods. In order to better study the anthropogenic effect on the basin hydrology the Olona river watershed proved to be an

Testing the H60 concept in the Interior Watershed Assessment Procedure by processhydrology studies.
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When a watershed is being logged, especially if that harvesting forms a substantial proportion of the watershed area, one of the main concerns is the effect on the height of peak flows. In the interior of BC, the peak flows occur during the spring freshet which

Projecting climate change scenarios on surface hydrology of a small agriculture-dominatedwatershed SWAT Conference
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The role of glacial deposits in influencing the hydrology and water chemistry of the Trail Creek watershed, Payette National Forest, Idaho
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METHODS Hydrology, The concentration of nitrates leaving the catchment is a direct function of the amount of water flowing out Therefore it was important to determine discharge, which was measured at the pge station located just upstream of the Warren

21. Hydrology and Water Quality Modeling of the Calleguas Creek Watershed
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In general terms MIKE BASIN is a mathematical representation of the river basin encompassing the configuration of the main rivers and their tributaries, the hydrology of the basin in space and time, and existing and potential demands on water. The MIKE BASIN

Watershed analysis of the Salmon River watershed, Washington: hydrology
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ABSTRACT The US Geological Survey analyzed selected hydrologic conditions as part of a watershed analysis of the Salmon River watershed, Washington, conducted by the Quinault Indian Nation. The selected hydrologic conditions were analyzed according to a

Modeling Sediment Yield in the Jones Creek Watershed using the Distributed Hydrology-Soil-Vegetation Model
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The objective of my research is to evaluate the relationship between precipitation and streamflow and sediment yield in the Jones Creek watershed near Acme, WA. I will use the Distributed Hydrology-Soil-Vegetation Model (DHSVM) coupled with a sediment module

The evolution of modern hydrology*(f ram watershed to continent in 30 years)
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The purpose of this paper is to describe hydrology to a scientifically-literate audience of non- hydrologists and to highlight its evolution over the last 30 years from a field focused on engineering problems at the scale of the small watershed to one dealing with global-scale


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